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init(8)                                                                init(8)



NAME
       init - Upstart process management daemon

SYNOPSIS
       init [OPTION]...

DESCRIPTION
       init is the parent of all processes on the system, it is executed by the kernel and is responsible for starting
       all other processes; it is the parent of all processes whose natural parents have died and  it  is  responsible
       for reaping those when they die.

       Processes  managed  by init are known as jobs and are defined by files in the /etc/init directory.  See init(5)
       for more details on configuring Upstart.

   Events
       init(8) is an event-based init daemon.  This means that jobs will  be  automatically  started  and  stopped  by
       changes that occur to the system state, including as a result of jobs starting and stopping.

       This  is  different  to dependency-based init daemons which start a specified set of goal jobs, and resolve the
       order in which they should be started and other jobs required by iterating their dependencies.

       For more information on starting and stopping jobs, as well as emitting events that  will  automatically  start
       and stop jobs, see the manual page for the initctl(8) tool.

       The  primary  event  is  the  startup(7) event, emitted when the daemon has finished loading its configuration.
       Other useful events are the starting(7), started(7), stopping(7) and stopped(7) events emitted as  jobs  change
       state.

   System V compatibility
       The  Upstart  init(8)  daemon does not keep track of runlevels itself, instead they are implemented entirely by
       its userspace tools.  The event emitted to signify a change of runlevel is the  runlevel(7)  event.   For  more
       information see its manual page.

OPTIONS
       Options are passed to init(8) by placing them on the kernel command-line.

       --verbose
              Outputs  verbose messages about job state changes and event emissions to the system console or log, use-
              ful for debugging boot.

NOTES
       init is not normally executed by a user process, and expects to have a process id of 1.  If  this  is  not  the
       case,  it  will  actually  execute telinit(8) and pass all arguments to that.  See that manual page for further
       details.

FILES
       /etc/init.conf

       /etc/init/*.conf

AUTHOR
       Written by Scott James Remnant <scottATnetsplit.com>

REPORTING BUGS
       Report bugs at <https://launchpad.net/upstart/+bugs>

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright (C) 2010 Canonical Ltd.
       This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABIL-
       ITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

SEE ALSO
       init(5) initctl(8) telinit(8) runlevel(7) startup(7) starting(7) started(7) stopping(7) stopped(7)



Upstart                           2010-02-04                           init(8)