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htop(1) - phpMan htop(1) - phpMan

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HTOP(1)                              Utils                             HTOP(1)

       htop - interactive process viewer

       htop [-dChusv]

       Htop is a free (GPL) ncurses-based process viewer for Linux.

       It  is  similar  to top, but allows you to scroll vertically and horizontally, so you can see all the processes
       running on the system, along with their full command lines.

       Tasks related to processes (killing, renicing) can be done without entering their PIDs.

       Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.

       -d --delay=DELAY
              Delay between updates, in tenths of seconds

       -C --no-color --no-colour
              Start htop in monochrome mode

       -h --help
              Display a help message and exit

       -p --pid=PID,PID...
              Show only the given PIDs

       -s --sort-key COLUMN
              Sort by this column (use --sort-key help for a column list)

       -u --user=USERNAME
              Show only the processes of a given user

       -v --version
              Output version information and exit

       The following commands are supported while in htop:

       Arrows, PgUP, PgDn, Home, End
            Scroll the process list.

            Tag or untag a process. Commands that can operate on multiple processes, like "kill", will then apply over
            the list of tagged processes, instead of the currently highlighted one.

       U    Untag all processes (remove all tags added with the Space key).

       s    Trace  process  system calls: if strace(1) is installed, pressing this key will attach it to the currently
            selected process, presenting a live update of system calls issued by the process.

       l    Display open files for a process: if lsof(1) is installed, pressing this key will display the list of file
            descriptors opened by the process.

       F1, h, ?
            Go to the help screen

       F2, S
            Go to the setup screen, where you can configure the meters displayed at the top of the screen, set various
            display options, choose among color schemes, and select which columns are displayed, in which order.

       F3, /
            Incrementally search the command lines of all the  displayed  processes.  The  currently  selected  (high-
            lighted)  command  will  update as you type. While in search mode, pressing F3 will cycle through matching

       F4, \
            Incremental process filtering: type in part of a process command line and only processes whose names match
            will be shown. To cancel filtering, enter the Filter option again and press Esc.

       F5, t
            Tree view: organize processes by parenthood, and layout the relations between them as a tree. Toggling the
            key will switch between tree and your previously selected sort view. Selecting a sort view will exit  tree

       F6   On  sorted  view,  select a field for sorting, also accessible through < and >.  The current sort field is
            indicated by a highlight in the header.  On tree view, expand or collapse the current subtree. A "+" indi-
            cator in the tree node indicates that it is collapsed.

       F7, ]
            Increase the selected process's priority (subtract from 'nice' value).  This can only be done by the supe-

       F8, [
            Decrease the selected process's priority (add to 'nice' value)

       F9, k
            "Kill" process: sends a signal which is selected in a menu, to one or a group of processes.  If  processes
            were tagged, sends the signal to all tagged processes.  If none is tagged, sends to the currently selected

       F10, q

       I    Invert the sort order: if sort order is increasing, switch to decreasing, and vice-versa.

       +, - When in tree view mode, expand or collapse subtree. When a subtree is collapsed a "+" sign  shows  to  the
            left of the process name.

       a (on multiprocessor machines)
            Set CPU affinity: mark which CPUs a process is allowed to use.

       u    Show only processes owned by a specified user.

       M    Sort by memory usage (top compatibility key).

       P    Sort by processor usage (top compatibility key).

       T    Sort by time (top compatibility key).

       F    "Follow"  process:  if  the sort order causes the currently selected process to move in the list, make the
            selection bar follow it. This is useful for monitoring a process: this way, you can keep a process  always
            visible on screen. When a movement key is used, "follow" loses effect.

       K    Hide  kernel  threads: prevent the threads belonging the kernel to be displayed in the process list. (This
            is a toggle key.)

       H    Hide user threads: on systems that represent them differently than  ordinary  processes  (such  as  recent
            NPTL-based systems), this can hide threads from userspace processes in the process list. (This is a toggle

            Refresh: redraw screen and recalculate values.

            PID search: type in process ID and the selection highlight will be moved to it.

       The following columns can display data about each process. A value of '-' in all the rows indicates that a col-
       umn is unsupported on your system, or currently unimplemented in htop. The names below are the ones used in the
       "Available Columns" section of the setup screen. If a different name is shown in  htop's  main  screen,  it  is
       shown below in parenthesis.

            The full command line of the process (i.e program name and arguments).

       PID  The process ID.

       PPID The parent process ID.

       PGRP The process's group ID.

            The process's session ID.

       TTY_NR (TTY)
            The controlling terminal of the process.

            The process ID of the foreground process group of the controlling terminal.

       STATE (S)
            The state of the process:
               S for sleeping (idle)
               R for running
               D for disk sleep (uninterruptible)
               Z for zombie (waiting for parent to read its exit status)
               T for traced or suspended (e.g by SIGTSTP)
               W for paging

            The ID of the CPU the process last executed on.

       NLWP The number of threads in the process.

       NICE (NI)
            The nice value of a process, from 19 (low priority) to -20 (high priority). A high value means the process
            is being nice, letting others have a higher relative priority. Only root can lower the value.

            The percentage of the CPU time that the process is currently using.

       UTIME (UTIME+)
            The user CPU time, which is the amount of time the process has spent executing on the  CPU  in  user  mode
            (i.e everything but system calls), measured in clock ticks.

       STIME (STIME+)
            The  system CPU time, which is the amount of time the kernel has spent executing system calls on behalf of
            the process, measured in clock ticks.

       TIME (TIME+)
            The time, measured in clock ticks that the process has spent in user and system  time  (see  UTIME,  STIME

            The  children's  user  CPU  time, which is the amount of time the process's waited-for children have spent
            executing in user mode (see UTIME above).

            The children's system CPU time, which is the amount of time the kernel has spent executing system calls on
            behalf of all the process's waited-for children (see STIME above).

            The  kernel's  internal  priority  for the process, usually just its nice value plus twenty. Different for
            real-time processes.

            The percentage of memory the process is currently using (based on the process's resident memory size,  see
            M_RESIDENT below).

       M_SIZE (VIRT)
            Size in memory of the total program size.

            The resident set size, i.e the size of the text and data sections, plus stack usage.

       M_SHARE (SHR)
            The size of the process's shared pages

       M_TRS (CODE)
            The size of the text segment of the process (i.e the size of the processes executable instructions).

       M_LRS (LIB)
            The library size of the process.

       M_DRS (DATA)
            The size of the data segment plus stack usage of the process.

       M_DT (DIRTY)
            The size of the dirty pages of the process.

       ST_UID (UID)
            The user ID of the process owner.

       USER The username of the process owner, or the user ID if the name can't be determined.

            The time the process was started.

       RCHAR (RD_CHAR)
            The number of bytes the process has read.

       WCHAR (WR_CHAR)
            The number of bytes the process has written.

       SYSCR (RD_SYSC)
            The number of read(2) syscalls for the process.

       SYSCW (WR_SYSC)
            The number of write(2) syscalls for the process.

            Bytes of read(2) I/O for the process.

            Bytes of write(2) I/O for the process.

            The I/O rate of read(2) in bytes per second, for the process.

            The I/O rate of write(2) in bytes per second, for the process.

       IO_RATE (IO)
            The I/O rate, IO_READ_RATE + IO_WRITE_RATE (see above).

            Bytes of cancelled write(2) I/O.

            Which cgroup the process is in.

       CTID OpenVZ container ID, a.k.a virtual environment ID.

       VPID OpenVZ process ID.

       VXID VServer process ID.

       OOM  OOM killer score.

       All other flags
            Currently unsupported (always displays '-').

       proc(5), top(1), free(1), ps(1), uptime(1)

       htop is developed by Hisham Muhammad <>.

       This  man page was written by Bartosz Fenski <> for the Debian GNU/Linux distribution (but it may be
       used by others). It was updated by Hisham Muhammad, and later by Vincent Launchbury, who  wrote  the  'Columns'

htop 1.0.3                           2011                              HTOP(1)