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UNSHARE(1)                       User Commands                      UNSHARE(1)

       unshare - run program with some namespaces unshared from parent

       unshare [options] program [arguments]

       Unshares  the indicated namespaces from the parent process and then executes the specified program.  The names-
       paces to be unshared are indicated via options.  Unshareable namespaces are:

       mount namespace
              Mounting and unmounting filesystems will not affect the rest of the system  (CLONE_NEWNS  flag),  except
              for   filesystems   which   are   explicitly   marked   as   shared   (with   mount  --make-shared;  see
              /proc/self/mountinfo for the shared flags).

              It's recommended to use mount --make-rprivate or mount --make-rslave after unshare --mount to make  sure
              that mountpoints in the new namespace are really unshared from parental namespace.

       UTS namespace
              Setting hostname or domainname will not affect the rest of the system.  (CLONE_NEWUTS flag)

       IPC namespace
              The  process  will  have an independent namespace for System V message queues, semaphore sets and shared
              memory segments.  (CLONE_NEWIPC flag)

       network namespace
              The process will have independent IPv4 and IPv6 stacks, IP routing tables, firewall rules, the /proc/net
              and /sys/class/net directory trees, sockets, etc.  (CLONE_NEWNET flag)

       pid namespace
              Children will have a distinct set of PID to process mappings from their parent.  (CLONE_NEWPID flag)

       See clone(2) for the exact semantics of the flags.

       -h, --help
              Display help text and exit.

       -i, --ipc
              Unshare the IPC namespace.

       -m, --mount
              Unshare the mount namespace.

       -n, --net
              Unshare the network namespace.

       -p, --pid
              Unshare the pid namespace.  See also the --fork and --mount-proc options.

       -u, --uts
              Unshare the UTS namespace.

       -f, --fork
              Fork  the specified program as a child process of unshare rather than running it directly.  This is use-
              ful when creating a new pid namespace.

              Just before running the program, mount the proc filesystem at the mountpoint (default is  /proc).   This
              is  useful  when creating a new pid namespace.  It also implies creating a new mount namespace since the
              /proc mount would otherwise mess up existing programs on the system. The new proc filesystem is  explic-
              itly mounted as private (by MS_PRIVATE|MS_REC).

       unshare(2), clone(2), mount(8)

       None known so far.

       Mikhail Gusarov <>

       The   unshare   command   is   part   of   the   util-linux   package  and  is  available  from  ftp://ftp.ker-

util-linux                         July 2013                        UNSHARE(1)