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RMDIR(1P)                  POSIX Programmer's Manual                 RMDIR(1P)



PROLOG
       This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual.  The Linux implementation of this interface may dif-
       fer (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface  may  not  be
       implemented on Linux.

NAME
       rmdir - remove directories

SYNOPSIS
       rmdir [-p] dir...

DESCRIPTION
       The rmdir utility shall remove the directory entry specified by each dir operand.

       For  each  dir  operand, the rmdir utility shall perform actions equivalent to the rmdir() function called with
       the dir operand as its only argument.

       Directories shall be processed in the order specified. If a directory and a subdirectory of that directory  are
       specified  in  a  single invocation of the rmdir utility, the application shall specify the subdirectory before
       the parent directory so that the parent directory will be empty when the rmdir utility tries to remove it.

OPTIONS
       The rmdir utility shall conform to the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section  12.2,  Utility
       Syntax Guidelines.

       The following option shall be supported:

       -p     Remove all directories in a pathname. For each dir operand:

               1. The directory entry it names shall be removed.


               2. If  the  dir  operand includes more than one pathname component, effects equivalent to the following
                  command shall occur:


                  rmdir -p $(dirname dir)



OPERANDS
       The following operand shall be supported:

       dir    A pathname of an empty directory to be removed.


STDIN
       Not used.

INPUT FILES
       None.

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
       The following environment variables shall affect the execution of rmdir:

       LANG   Provide a default value for the internationalization variables that are unset or  null.  (See  the  Base
              Definitions  volume  of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section 8.2, Internationalization Variables for the prece-
              dence of internationalization variables used to determine the values of locale categories.)

       LC_ALL If set to a non-empty string value, override the values of all the other internationalization variables.

       LC_CTYPE
              Determine  the locale for the interpretation of sequences of bytes of text data as characters (for exam-
              ple, single-byte as opposed to multi-byte characters in arguments).

       LC_MESSAGES
              Determine the locale that should be used to affect the format and contents of diagnostic messages  writ-
              ten to standard error.

       NLSPATH
              Determine the location of message catalogs for the processing of LC_MESSAGES .


ASYNCHRONOUS EVENTS
       Default.

STDOUT
       Not used.

STDERR
       The standard error shall be used only for diagnostic messages.

OUTPUT FILES
       None.

EXTENDED DESCRIPTION
       None.

EXIT STATUS
       The following exit values shall be returned:

        0     Each directory entry specified by a dir operand was removed successfully.

       >0     An error occurred.


CONSEQUENCES OF ERRORS
       Default.

       The following sections are informative.

APPLICATION USAGE
       The definition of an empty directory is one that contains, at most, directory entries for dot and dot-dot.

EXAMPLES
       If  a directory a in the current directory is empty except it contains a directory b and a/b is empty except it
       contains a directory c:


              rmdir -p a/b/c

       removes all three directories.

RATIONALE
       On historical System V systems, the -p option also caused a message to be written to the standard  output.  The
       message  indicated whether the whole path was removed or whether part of the path remained for some reason. The
       STDERR section requires this diagnostic when the entire path specified by a dir operand  is  not  removed,  but
       does not allow the status message reporting success to be written as a diagnostic.

       The rmdir utility on System V also included a -s option that suppressed the informational message output by the
       -p option. This option has been omitted because the informational message is not specified by  this  volume  of
       IEEE Std 1003.1-2001.

FUTURE DIRECTIONS
       None.

SEE ALSO
       rm, the System Interfaces volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, remove(), rmdir(), unlink()

COPYRIGHT
       Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Stan-
       dard for  Information  Technology  --  Portable  Operating  System  Interface  (POSIX),  The  Open  Group  Base
       Specifications  Issue  6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc
       and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original  IEEE  and  The  Open
       Group  Standard,  the  original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard
       can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .



IEEE/The Open Group                  2003                            RMDIR(1P)