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PRINTF(1)                        User Commands                       PRINTF(1)



NAME
       printf - format and print data

SYNOPSIS
       printf FORMAT [ARGUMENT]...
       printf OPTION

DESCRIPTION
       Print ARGUMENT(s) according to FORMAT, or execute according to OPTION:

       --help display this help and exit

       --version
              output version information and exit

       FORMAT controls the output as in C printf.  Interpreted sequences are:

       \"     double quote

       \\     backslash

       \a     alert (BEL)

       \b     backspace

       \c     produce no further output

       \e     escape

       \f     form feed

       \n     new line

       \r     carriage return

       \t     horizontal tab

       \v     vertical tab

       \NNN   byte with octal value NNN (1 to 3 digits)

       \xHH   byte with hexadecimal value HH (1 to 2 digits)

       \uHHHH Unicode (ISO/IEC 10646) character with hex value HHHH (4 digits)

       \UHHHHHHHH
              Unicode character with hex value HHHHHHHH (8 digits)

       %%     a single %

       %b     ARGUMENT as a string with '\' escapes interpreted, except that octal escapes are of the form \0 or \0NNN

       and all C format specifications ending with one of diouxXfeEgGcs,  with  ARGUMENTs  converted  to  proper  type
       first.  Variable widths are handled.

       NOTE:  your  shell  may  have  its  own version of printf, which usually supersedes the version described here.
       Please refer to your shell's documentation for details about the options it supports.

AUTHOR
       Written by David MacKenzie.

REPORTING BUGS
       Report printf bugs to bug-coreutilsATgnu.org
       GNU coreutils home page: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>;
       General help using GNU software: <http://www.gnu.org/gethelp/>;
       Report printf translation bugs to <http://translationproject.org/team/>;

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright  (C)  2010  Free  Software  Foundation,  Inc.   License  GPLv3+:   GNU   GPL   version   3   or   later
       <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>;.
       This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.  There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permit-
       ted by law.

SEE ALSO
       printf(3)

       The full documentation for printf is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If the info and printf programs are prop-
       erly installed at your site, the command

              info coreutils 'printf invocation'

       should give you access to the complete manual.



GNU coreutils 8.4                 March 2017                         PRINTF(1)