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Pnmtofiasco User Manual(0)                          Pnmtofiasco User Manual(0)

       pnmtofiasco - Convert PNM file to FIASCO compressed file

       pnmtofiasco [option]...  [filename]...

       This program is part of Netpbm(1).

       pnmtofiasco  compresses the named pbm, pgm, or ppm image files, or Standard Input if no file is named, and pro-
       duces a FIASCO file on Standard Output.

       All option names may be abbreviated; for example, --optimize may be written --optim or --opt. For most  options
       a  one  letter  short  option  is  provided.   Mandatory or optional arguments to long options are mandatory or
       optional for short options, too.  Both short and long options are case sensitive.

       The basic options are:

       -i name, --input-name=name
              Compress the named images, not Standard Input.  If name is -, read  Standard  Input.   name  has  to  be
              either an image filename or a template of the form:


              Templates   are   useful   when   compressing   video   streams:  e.g.,  if  you  specify  the  template
              img0[12-01-2].pgm, then pnmtofiasco compresses the images img012.pgm, img010.pgm, ..., img002.pgm.

              If name is a relative path, pnmtofiasco  searches for the image files in the current  directory  and  in
              the (colon-separated) list of directories given by the environment variable FIASCO_IMAGES.

       -o output-file, --output-name=name
              Write FIASCO output to the named file, not to Standard Output.

              If  name  is  a  relative  path  and the environment variable FIASCO_DATA is a (colon-separated) list of
              directories, then pnmtofiasco writes the output file to the first (writable)  directory  of  this  list.
              Otherwise, pnmtofiasco write it to the current directory.

       -q N, --quality=N
              Set quality of compression to N.  Quality is 1 (worst) to 100 (best); default is 20.

       -v, --version
              Print pnmtofiasco version number, then exit.

       -V N, --verbose N
              Set  level  of  verbosity  to  N.   Level  is  0 (no output at all), 1 (show progress meter), or 2 (show
              detailed compression statistics); default is 1.

       -B N, --progress-meter N
              Set type of progress-meter to N.  The following types are available; default is 1:

       0      no progress meter

       1      RPM style progress bar using 50 hash marks

       2      percentage meter

       -f name, --config=name
              Load parameter file name  to initialize the options of pnmtofiasco.  See  file  system.fiascorc  for  an
              example  of the syntax. Options of pnmtofiasco are set by any of the following methods (in the specified

       ?      Global resource file /etc/system.fiascorc

       ?      $HOME/.fiascorc

       ?      command line

       ?      --config=name

       -h, --info
              Print brief help, then exit.

       -H, --help
              Print detailed help, then exit.

       The options for advanced users are:

       -b name, --basis-name=name
              Preload compression basis name into FIASCO.  The basis name provides the initial compression dictionary.
              Either  use  one  of  the files 'small.fco', 'medium.fco', or 'large.fco' that come with pnmtofiasco  or
              create a new ASCII basis file.

       -z N, --optimize=N
              Set optimization level to N.  Level is 0 (fastest) to 3 (slowest); default is 1.  Be warned, the  encod-
              ing  time  dramatically  increased  when  N=2  or  N=3  while  the compression performance only slightly

       -P, --prediction
              Use additional predictive coding.  If this optimization is enabled then the image is compressed  in  two
              steps.  In the first step, a coarse approximation of the image is computed using large unichrome blocks.
              Finally, the delta image is computed and the prediction error is approximated using the standard  FIASCO

       -D N, --dictionary-size=N
              Set  size  of  dictionary  that is used when coding the luminance band to N; default is 10000, i.e., the
              dictionary is not restricted.

       -C N, --chroma-dictionary=N
              Set size of dictionary that is used when coding chroma bands to N; default is 40.

       -Q N, --chroma-qfactor=N
              Reduce the quality of chroma band compression N-times with respect to the user defined quality q of  the
              luminance band compression (--quality=q); default is 2.

       -t N, --tiling-exponent=N
              Subdivide  the  image  into  2^N  tiles prior coding; default is 4, i.e. the image is subdivided into 16
              tiles. The processing order of the individual tiles is defined by the option --tiling-method=name.

       -T name, --tiling-method=name
              Order the individual image tiles (the image is  subdivided  into;  see  option  --tiling-exponent=N)  by
              method name; default is desc-variance.

              Tiles with small variances are processed first.

              Tiles with large variances are processed first.

              Tiles are process in spiral order starting in the middle.

              Tiles are process in spiral order starting at the border.

              Use N mantissa bits for quantized coefficients.

              Use N mantissa bits for quantized DC coefficients.

              Coefficients outside the quantization interval [-N,+N] are set to zero.

              DC coefficients outside the quantization interval [-N,+N] are set to zero.

       Additional options for video compression are

       -s N, --smooth=N
              Smooth  decompressed  reference frames along the partitioning borders by the given amount N.  N is 0 (no
              smoothing) to 100; default is 70.  This factor is stored in the FIASCO file.

       -m N, --min-level=N
              Start prediction (motion compensated prediction or additional prediction) on block level N;  default  is
              level  6.   I.e., motion compensation is applied to all image blocks of at least 8x8 pixels (binary tree
              level N=6), 16x8 (N=7), 16x16 (N=8), etc.

       -M N, --max-level=N
              Stop prediction (motion compensated prediction or additional prediction) on block level  N;  default  is
              level 10.  I.e., motion compensation is applied to all image blocks of at most 16x16 pixels (N=8), 32x16
              (N=9), 32x32 (N=10), etc.

       -2, --half-pixel
              Use half pixel precise motion compensation.

       -F N, --fps=N
              Set number of frames per second to N.  This value is stored in the FIASCO output file and is used in the
              decoder fiascotopnm(1)tocontroltheframerate.

       -p type, --pattern=type
              Defines  the  type  of  inter  frame compression which should be applied to individual frames of a video
              stream.  type is a sequence of characters; default is 'IPPPPPPPPP'.  Element N defines the type of  pre-
              dicting  which should be used for frame N; the frame type pattern is periodically extended.  Valid char-
              acters are:

       I      intra frame, i.e., no motion compensated prediction is used at all.

       P      predicted frame, i.e., a previously encoded frame is used for prediction (forward prediction).

       B      bidirectional predicted frame, i.e., not only a previously shown frame but also a frame of the future is
              used for prediction (forward, backward or interpolated prediction).

              Instead  of using exhaustive search the 'Cross-B-Search' algorithm is used to find the best interpolated
              prediction of B-frames.

              Also use previously encoded B-frames when prediction the current frame. If this option is not set,  only
              I- and P-frames are used to predict the current frame.

       Compress the still image 'foo.ppm' to the FIASCO file 'foo.wfa' using the default options:

               pnmtofiasco < foo.ppm >foo.wfa

       Compress  the video frames 'foo0*.ppm' to the FIASCO file 'video.wfa' using half pixel precise motion compensa-
       tion at a frame rate of 15 frames per second.  Intra frame 1 is used to predict P-frame 4, frames 1 and  4  are
       used to predict B-frames 2 and 3, and so on.  Frame 10 is again an intra-frame.

               pnmtofiasco -2 -p 'IBBPBBPBB' -fps 15 -o video.wfa foo0*.ppm

              The systemwide initialization file.

              The personal initialization file.

              Search path for image files.  Default is './'.

              Search and save path for FIASCO files.  Default is './'.

       fiascotopnm(1), ppmtojpeg(1), pnmtojbig(1), pamtogif(1), pnm(1)

       Ullrich  Hafner,  Juergen Albert, Stefan Frank, and Michael Unger.  Weighted Finite Automata for Video Compres-
       sion, IEEE Journal on Selected Areas In Communications, January 1998

       Ullrich Hafner. Low Bit-Rate Image and Video Coding with Weighted Finite Automata, Ph.D. thesis, Mensch &  Buch
       Verlag, ISBN 3-89820-002-7, October 1999.

       FIASCO: An Open-Source Fractal Image and Sequence Codec , Linux Journal, January 2001.

       Ullrich Hafner <>

netpbm documentation             July 12, 2000      Pnmtofiasco User Manual(0)