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Pnmpaste User Manual(0)                                Pnmpaste User Manual(0)

       pnmpaste - paste a rectangle into a PNM image



       frompnmfile x y [intopnmfile]

       You can abbreviate all options to their shortest unique prefix.

       This program is part of Netpbm(1).

       pnmpaste  reads  two  PNM images as input and inserts the first image (the "pasted image") into the second (the
       "base image") at the specified location, and produces a PNM image the same size and type as the base  image  as
       output.  If you don't specify the second file, pnmpaste reads the base image from Standard Input.

       x  and y specify the location in the base image at which to put the top left corner of the pasted image, x giv-
       ing the horizontal position and x giving the vertical position.  A nonnegative value indicates  the  number  of
       pixels  right  of  the right edge or below the top edge of the base image, while a negative value indicates the
       number of pixels right of the right edge or below the bottom edge (so x = -5 means 5 pixels left of  the  right

       If any part of the pasted image does not fit within the base image, pnmpaste fails.

       This  tool  is  most useful in combination with pamcut.  For instance, if you want to edit a small segment of a
       large image, and your image editor cannot edit the large image, you can cut out the segment you are  interested
       in, edit it, and then paste it back in.

       Another useful companion tool is pbmmask.

       pamcomp  is a more general tool, except that it lacks the 'or,' 'and,' and 'xor' functions.  pamcomp allows you
       to specify an alpha mask in order to have only part of the inserted image get inserted.  So the inserted pixels
       need not be a rectangle.  You can also have the inserted image be translucent, so the resulting image is a mix-
       ture of the inserted image and the base image.

       The option specifies the operation to use when doing the paste.  The default is -replace, which means to do the
       obvious paste: replace pixels of the 'into' image with those of the 'from' image.

       -and,  -or,  and -xor are allowed only if both input images are PBM images.  They say to combine the 'from' and
       'into' images by performing boolean operations:  Each pixel of the output image is the result  of  the  boolean
       operation on the corresponding pixels of the two input image, where white is TRUE and black is FALSE.

       Note  that  this  is different from what you would get by doing a bit arithmetic on the bits in the PBM images,
       because in PBM, white is represented by a 0 bit, and 0 in bit arithmetic corresponds to FALSE in boolean arith-

       pamcomp(1), pamcut(1), pnminvert(1), pnmarith(1), pbmmask(1), pnm(1)

       Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 by Jef Poskanzer.

netpbm documentation           21 February 1991        Pnmpaste User Manual(0)