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PERLTRU64(1)           Perl Programmers Reference Guide           PERLTRU64(1)



NAME
       README.tru64 - Perl version 5 on Tru64 (formerly known as Digital UNIX formerly known as DEC OSF/1) systems

DESCRIPTION
       This document describes various features of HP's (formerly Compaq's, formerly Digital's) Unix operating system
       (Tru64) that will affect how Perl version 5 (hereafter just Perl) is configured, compiled and/or runs.

       Compiling Perl 5 on Tru64

       The recommended compiler to use in Tru64 is the native C compiler.  The native compiler produces much faster
       code (the speed difference is noticeable: several dozen percentages) and also more correct code: if you are
       considering using the GNU C compiler you should use at the very least the release of 2.95.3 since all older gcc
       releases are known to produce broken code when compiling Perl.  One manifestation of this brokenness is the
       lib/sdbm test dumping core; another is many of the op/regexp and op/pat, or ext/Storable tests dumping core
       (the exact pattern of failures depending on the GCC release and optimization flags).

       gcc 3.2.1 is known to work okay with Perl 5.8.0.  However, when optimizing the toke.c gcc likes to have a lot
       of memory, 256 megabytes seems to be enough.  The default setting of the process data section in Tru64 should
       be one gigabyte, but some sites/setups might have lowered that.  The configuration process of Perl checks for
       too low process limits, and lowers the optimization for the toke.c if necessary, and also gives advice on how
       to raise the process limits.

       Using Large Files with Perl on Tru64

       In Tru64 Perl is automatically able to use large files, that is, files larger than 2 gigabytes, there is no
       need to use the Configure -Duselargefiles option as described in INSTALL (though using the option is harmless).

       Threaded Perl on Tru64

       If you want to use threads, you should primarily use the new Perl 5.8.0 threads model by running Configure with
       -Duseithreads.

       The old Perl 5.005 threads is obsolete, unmaintained, and its use is discouraged.  If you really want it, run
       Configure with the -Dusethreads -Duse5005threads options as described in INSTALL.

       Either thread model is going to work only in Tru64 4.0 and newer releases, older operating releases like 3.2
       aren't probably going to work properly with threads.

       In Tru64 V5 (at least V5.1A, V5.1B) you cannot build threaded Perl with gcc because the system header
       <pthread.h> explicitly checks for supported C compilers, gcc (at least 3.2.2) not being one of them.  But the
       system C compiler should work just fine.

       Long Doubles on Tru64

       You cannot Configure Perl to use long doubles unless you have at least Tru64 V5.0, the long double support sim-
       ply wasn't functional enough before that.  Perl's Configure will override attempts to use the long doubles (you
       can notice this by Configure finding out that the modfl() function does not work as it should).

       At the time of this writing (June 2002), there is a known bug in the Tru64 libc printing of long doubles when
       not using "e" notation.  The values are correct and usable, but you only get a limited number of digits dis-
       played unless you force the issue by using "printf "%.33e",$num" or the like.  For Tru64 versions V5.0A through
       V5.1A, a patch is expected sometime after perl 5.8.0 is released.  If your libc has not yet been patched,
       you'll get a warning from Configure when selecting long doubles.

       DB_File tests failing on Tru64

       The DB_File tests (db-btree.t, db-hash.t, db-recno.t) may fail you have installed a newer version of Berkeley
       DB into the system and the -I and -L compiler and linker flags introduce version conflicts with the DB 1.85
       headers and libraries that came with the Tru64.  For example, mixing a DB v2 library with the DB v1 headers is
       a bad idea.  Watch out for Configure options -Dlocincpth and -Dloclibpth, and check your /usr/local/include and
       /usr/local/lib since they are included by default.

       The second option is to explicitly instruct Configure to detect the newer Berkeley DB installation, by supply-
       ing the right directories with "-Dlocincpth=/some/include" and "-Dloclibpth=/some/lib" and before running "make
       test" setting your LD_LIBRARY_PATH to /some/lib.

       The third option is to work around the problem by disabling the DB_File completely when build Perl by specify-
       ing -Ui_db to Configure, and then using the BerkeleyDB module from CPAN instead of DB_File.  The BerkeleyDB
       works with Berkeley DB versions 2.* or greater.

       The Berkeley DB 4.1.25 has been tested with Tru64 V5.1A and found to work.  The latest Berkeley DB can be found
       from http://www.sleepycat.com.

       64-bit Perl on Tru64

       In Tru64 Perl's integers are automatically 64-bit wide, there is no need to use the Configure -Duse64bitint
       option as described in INSTALL.  Similarly, there is no need for -Duse64bitall since pointers are automatically
       64-bit wide.

       Warnings about floating-point overflow when compiling Perl on Tru64

       When compiling Perl in Tru64 you may (depending on the compiler release) see two warnings like this

           cc: Warning: numeric.c, line 104: In this statement, floating-point overflow occurs in evaluating the expression "1.8e308". (floatoverfl)
               return HUGE_VAL;
           -----------^

       and when compiling the POSIX extension

           cc: Warning: const-c.inc, line 2007: In this statement, floating-point overflow occurs in evaluating the expression "1.8e308". (floatoverfl)
                       return HUGE_VAL;
           -------------------^

       The exact line numbers may vary between Perl releases.  The warnings are benign and can be ignored: in later C
       compiler releases the warnings should be gone.

       When the file pp_sys.c is being compiled you may (depending on the operating system release) see an additional
       compiler flag being used: "-DNO_EFF_ONLY_OK".  This is normal and refers to a feature that is relevant only if
       you use the "filetest" pragma.  In older releases of the operating system the feature was broken and the
       NO_EFF_ONLY_OK instructs Perl not to use the feature.

Testing Perl on Tru64
       During "make test" the "comp/cpp" will be skipped because on Tru64 it cannot be tested before Perl has been
       installed.  The test refers to the use of the "-P" option of Perl.

ext/ODBM_File/odbm Test Failing With Static Builds
       The ext/ODBM_File/odbm is known to fail with static builds (Configure -Uusedl) due to a known bug in Tru64's
       static libdbm library.  The good news is that you very probably don't need to ever use the ODBM_File extension
       since more advanced NDBM_File works fine, not to mention the even more advanced DB_File.

Perl Fails Because Of Unresolved Symbol sockatmark
       If you get an error like

           Can't load '.../OSF1/lib/perl5/5.8.0/alpha-dec_osf/auto/IO/IO.so' for module IO: Unresolved symbol in .../lib/perl5/5.8.0/alpha-dec_osf/auto/IO/IO.so: sockatmark at .../lib/perl5/5.8.0/alpha-dec_osf/XSLoader.pm line 75.

       you need to either recompile your Perl in Tru64 4.0D or upgrade your Tru64 4.0D to at least 4.0F: the sockat-
       mark() system call was added in Tru64 4.0F, and the IO extension refers that symbol.

AUTHOR
       Jarkko Hietaniemi <jhiATiki.fi>



perl v5.8.8                       2006-01-07                      PERLTRU64(1)