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PERF-TOP(1)                       perf Manual                      PERF-TOP(1)



NAME
       perf-top - System profiling tool.

SYNOPSIS
       perf top [-e <EVENT> | --event=EVENT] [<options>]

DESCRIPTION
       This command generates and displays a performance counter profile in real time.

OPTIONS
       -a, --all-cpus
           System-wide collection. (default)

       -c <count>, --count=<count>
           Event period to sample.

       -C <cpu-list>, --cpu=<cpu>
           Monitor only on the list of CPUs provided. Multiple CPUs can be provided as a comma-separated list with no
           space: 0,1. Ranges of CPUs are specified with -: 0-2. Default is to monitor all CPUS.

       -d <seconds>, --delay=<seconds>
           Number of seconds to delay between refreshes.

       -e <event>, --event=<event>
           Select the PMU event. Selection can be a symbolic event name (use perf list to list all events) or a raw
           PMU event (eventsel+umask) in the form of rNNN where NNN is a hexadecimal event descriptor.

       -E <entries>, --entries=<entries>
           Display this many functions.

       -f <count>, --count-filter=<count>
           Only display functions with more events than this.

       --group
           Put the counters into a counter group.

       -F <freq>, --freq=<freq>
           Profile at this frequency.

       -i, --inherit
           Child tasks do not inherit counters.

       -k <path>, --vmlinux=<path>
           Path to vmlinux. Required for annotation functionality.

       -m <pages>, --mmap-pages=<pages>
           Number of mmap data pages (must be a power of two) or size specification with appended unit character -
           B/K/M/G. The size is rounded up to have nearest pages power of two value.

       -p <pid>, --pid=<pid>
           Profile events on existing Process ID (comma separated list).

       -t <tid>, --tid=<tid>
           Profile events on existing thread ID (comma separated list).

       -u, --uid=
           Record events in threads owned by uid. Name or number.

       -r <priority>, --realtime=<priority>
           Collect data with this RT SCHED_FIFO priority.

       --sym-annotate=<symbol>
           Annotate this symbol.

       -K, --hide_kernel_symbols
           Hide kernel symbols.

       -U, --hide_user_symbols
           Hide user symbols.

       --demangle-kernel
           Demangle kernel symbols.

       -D, --dump-symtab
           Dump the symbol table used for profiling.

       -v, --verbose
           Be more verbose (show counter open errors, etc).

       -z, --zero
           Zero history across display updates.

       -s, --sort
           Sort by key(s): pid, comm, dso, symbol, parent, srcline, weight, local_weight, abort, in_tx, transaction,
           overhead, sample, period. Please see description of --sort in the perf-report man page.

       --fields=
           Specify output field - multiple keys can be specified in CSV format. Following fields are available:
           overhead, overhead_sys, overhead_us, overhead_children, sample and period. Also it can contain any sort
           key(s).

               By default, every sort keys not specified in --field will be appended
               automatically.

       -n, --show-nr-samples
           Show a column with the number of samples.

       --show-total-period
           Show a column with the sum of periods.

       --dsos
           Only consider symbols in these dsos. This option will affect the percentage of the overhead column. See
           --percentage for more info.

       --comms
           Only consider symbols in these comms. This option will affect the percentage of the overhead column. See
           --percentage for more info.

       --symbols
           Only consider these symbols. This option will affect the percentage of the overhead column. See
           --percentage for more info.

       -M, --disassembler-style=
           Set disassembler style for objdump.

       --source
           Interleave source code with assembly code. Enabled by default, disable with --no-source.

       --asm-raw
           Show raw instruction encoding of assembly instructions.

       -g
           Enables call-graph (stack chain/backtrace) recording.

       --call-graph [mode,type,min[,limit],order[,key][,branch]]
           Setup and enable call-graph (stack chain/backtrace) recording, implies -g. See --call-graph section in
           perf-record and perf-report man pages for details.

       --children
           Accumulate callchain of children to parent entry so that then can show up in the output. The output will
           have a new "Children" column and will be sorted on the data. It requires -g/--call-graph option enabled.
           See the 'overhead calculation' section for more details. Enabled by default, disable with --no-children.

       --max-stack
           Set the stack depth limit when parsing the callchain, anything beyond the specified depth will be ignored.
           This is a trade-off between information loss and faster processing especially for workloads that can have a
           very long callchain stack.

               Default: /proc/sys/kernel/perf_event_max_stack when present, 127 otherwise.

       --ignore-callees=<regex>
           Ignore callees of the function(s) matching the given regex. This has the effect of collecting the callers
           of each such function into one place in the call-graph tree.

       --percent-limit
           Do not show entries which have an overhead under that percent. (Default: 0).

       --percentage
           Determine how to display the overhead percentage of filtered entries. Filters can be applied by --comms,
           --dsos and/or --symbols options and Zoom operations on the TUI (thread, dso, etc).

               "relative" means it?s relative to filtered entries only so that the
               sum of shown entries will be always 100%. "absolute" means it retains
               the original value before and after the filter is applied.

       -w, --column-widths=<width[,width...]>
           Force each column width to the provided list, for large terminal readability. 0 means no limit (default
           behavior).

       --proc-map-timeout
           When processing pre-existing threads /proc/XXX/mmap, it may take a long time, because the file may be huge.
           A time out is needed in such cases. This option sets the time out limit. The default value is 500 ms.

       -b, --branch-any
           Enable taken branch stack sampling. Any type of taken branch may be sampled. This is a shortcut for
           --branch-filter any. See --branch-filter for more infos.

       -j, --branch-filter
           Enable taken branch stack sampling. Each sample captures a series of consecutive taken branches. The number
           of branches captured with each sample depends on the underlying hardware, the type of branches of interest,
           and the executed code. It is possible to select the types of branches captured by enabling filters. For a
           full list of modifiers please see the perf record manpage.

               The option requires at least one branch type among any, any_call, any_ret, ind_call, cond.
               The privilege levels may be omitted, in which case, the privilege levels of the associated
               event are applied to the branch filter. Both kernel (k) and hypervisor (hv) privilege
               levels are subject to permissions.  When sampling on multiple events, branch stack sampling
               is enabled for all the sampling events. The sampled branch type is the same for all events.
               The various filters must be specified as a comma separated list: --branch-filter any_ret,u,k
               Note that this feature may not be available on all processors.

       --raw-trace
           When displaying traceevent output, do not use print fmt or plugins.

       --hierarchy
           Enable hierarchy output.

INTERACTIVE PROMPTING KEYS
       [d]
           Display refresh delay.

       [e]
           Number of entries to display.

       [E]
           Event to display when multiple counters are active.

       [f]
           Profile display filter (>= hit count).

       [F]
           Annotation display filter (>= % of total).

       [s]
           Annotate symbol.

       [S]
           Stop annotation, return to full profile display.

       [z]
           Toggle event count zeroing across display updates.

       [qQ]
           Quit.

       Pressing any unmapped key displays a menu, and prompts for input.

OVERHEAD CALCULATION
       The overhead can be shown in two columns as Children and Self when perf collects callchains. The self overhead
       is simply calculated by adding all period values of the entry - usually a function (symbol). This is the value
       that perf shows traditionally and sum of all the self overhead values should be 100%.

       The children overhead is calculated by adding all period values of the child functions so that it can show the
       total overhead of the higher level functions even if they don't directly execute much. Children here means
       functions that are called from another (parent) function.

       It might be confusing that the sum of all the children overhead values exceeds 100% since each of them is
       already an accumulation of self overhead of its child functions. But with this enabled, users can find which
       function has the most overhead even if samples are spread over the children.

       Consider the following example; there are three functions like below.


           .ft C
           void foo(void) {
               /* do something */
           }

           void bar(void) {
               /* do something */
               foo();
           }

           int main(void) {
               bar()
               return 0;
           }
           .ft


       In this case foo is a child of bar, and bar is an immediate child of main so foo also is a child of main. In
       other words, main is a parent of foo and bar, and bar is a parent of foo.

       Suppose all samples are recorded in foo and bar only. When it's recorded with callchains the output will show
       something like below in the usual (self-overhead-only) output of perf report:


           .ft C
           Overhead  Symbol
           ........  .....................
             60.00%  foo
                     |
                     --- foo
                         bar
                         main
                         __libc_start_main

             40.00%  bar
                     |
                     --- bar
                         main
                         __libc_start_main
           .ft


       When the --children option is enabled, the self overhead values of child functions (i.e. foo and bar) are added
       to the parents to calculate the children overhead. In this case the report could be displayed as:


           .ft C
           Children      Self  Symbol
           ........  ........  ....................
            100.00%     0.00%  __libc_start_main
                     |
                     --- __libc_start_main

            100.00%     0.00%  main
                     |
                     --- main
                         __libc_start_main

            100.00%    40.00%  bar
                     |
                     --- bar
                         main
                         __libc_start_main

             60.00%    60.00%  foo
                     |
                     --- foo
                         bar
                         main
                         __libc_start_main
           .ft


       In the above output, the self overhead of foo (60%) was add to the children overhead of bar, main and
       __libc_start_main. Likewise, the self overhead of bar (40%) was added to the children overhead of main and
       \_\_libc_start_main.

       So \_\_libc_start_main and main are shown first since they have same (100%) children overhead (even though they
       have zero self overhead) and they are the parents of foo and bar.

       Since v3.16 the children overhead is shown by default and the output is sorted by its values. The children
       overhead is disabled by specifying --no-children option on the command line or by adding report.children =
       false or top.children = false in the perf config file.

SEE ALSO
       perf-stat(1), perf-list(1), perf-report(1)



perf                              01/23/2018                       PERF-TOP(1)