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PERF-PROBE(1)                     perf Manual                    PERF-PROBE(1)



NAME
       perf-probe - Define new dynamic tracepoints

SYNOPSIS
       perf probe [options] --add=PROBE [...]
       or
       perf probe [options] PROBE
       or
       perf probe [options] --del=[GROUP:]EVENT [...]
       or
       perf probe --list[=[GROUP:]EVENT]
       or
       perf probe [options] --line=LINE
       or
       perf probe [options] --vars=PROBEPOINT
       or
       perf probe [options] --funcs
       or
       perf probe [options] --definition=PROBE [...]

DESCRIPTION
       This command defines dynamic tracepoint events, by symbol and registers without debuginfo, or by C expressions
       (C line numbers, C function names, and C local variables) with debuginfo.

OPTIONS
       -k, --vmlinux=PATH
           Specify vmlinux path which has debuginfo (Dwarf binary). Only when using this with --definition, you can
           give an offline vmlinux file.

       -m, --module=MODNAME|PATH
           Specify module name in which perf-probe searches probe points or lines. If a path of module file is passed,
           perf-probe treat it as an offline module (this means you can add a probe on a module which has not been
           loaded yet).

       -s, --source=PATH
           Specify path to kernel source.

       -v, --verbose
           Be more verbose (show parsed arguments, etc). Can not use with -q.

       -q, --quiet
           Be quiet (do not show any messages including errors). Can not use with -v.

       -a, --add=
           Define a probe event (see PROBE SYNTAX for detail).

       -d, --del=
           Delete probe events. This accepts glob wildcards(*, ?) and character classes(e.g. [a-z], [!A-Z]).

       -l, --list[=[GROUP:]EVENT]
           List up current probe events. This can also accept filtering patterns of event names. When this is used
           with --cache, perf shows all cached probes instead of the live probes.

       -L, --line=
           Show source code lines which can be probed. This needs an argument which specifies a range of the source
           code. (see LINE SYNTAX for detail)

       -V, --vars=
           Show available local variables at given probe point. The argument syntax is same as PROBE SYNTAX, but NO
           ARGs.

       --externs
           (Only for --vars) Show external defined variables in addition to local variables.

       --no-inlines
           (Only for --add) Search only for non-inlined functions. The functions which do not have instances are
           ignored.

       -F, --funcs[=FILTER]
           Show available functions in given module or kernel. With -x/--exec, can also list functions in a user space
           executable / shared library. This also can accept a FILTER rule argument.

       -D, --definition=
           Show trace-event definition converted from given probe-event instead of write it into
           tracing/[k,u]probe_events.

       --filter=FILTER
           (Only for --vars and --funcs) Set filter. FILTER is a combination of glob pattern, see FILTER PATTERN for
           detail. Default FILTER is "!k???tab_* & !crc_*" for --vars, and "!_*" for --funcs. If several filters are
           specified, only the last filter is used.

       -f, --force
           Forcibly add events with existing name.

       -n, --dry-run
           Dry run. With this option, --add and --del doesn't execute actual adding and removal operations.

       --cache
           (With --add) Cache the probes. Any events which successfully added are also stored in the cache file. (With
           --list) Show cached probes. (With --del) Remove cached probes.

       --max-probes=NUM
           Set the maximum number of probe points for an event. Default is 128.

       -x, --exec=PATH
           Specify path to the executable or shared library file for user space tracing. Can also be used with --funcs
           option.

       --demangle
           Demangle application symbols. --no-demangle is also available for disabling demangling.

       --demangle-kernel
           Demangle kernel symbols. --no-demangle-kernel is also available for disabling kernel demangling.

       In absence of -m/-x options, perf probe checks if the first argument after the options is an absolute path
       name. If its an absolute path, perf probe uses it as a target module/target user space binary to probe.

PROBE SYNTAX
       Probe points are defined by following syntax.

           1) Define event based on function name
            [[GROUP:]EVENT=]FUNC[@SRC][:RLN|+OFFS|%return|;PTN] [ARG ...]

           2) Define event based on source file with line number
            [[GROUP:]EVENT=]SRC:ALN [ARG ...]

           3) Define event based on source file with lazy pattern
            [[GROUP:]EVENT=]SRC;PTN [ARG ...]

           4) Pre-defined SDT events or cached event with name
            %[sdt_PROVIDER:]SDTEVENT
            or,
            sdt_PROVIDER:SDTEVENT

       EVENT specifies the name of new event, if omitted, it will be set the name of the probed function. You can also
       specify a group name by GROUP, if omitted, set probe is used for kprobe and probe_<bin> is used for uprobe.
       Note that using existing group name can conflict with other events. Especially, using the group name reserved
       for kernel modules can hide embedded events in the modules. FUNC specifies a probed function name, and it may
       have one of the following options; +OFFS is the offset from function entry address in bytes, :RLN is the
       relative-line number from function entry line, and %return means that it probes function return. And ;PTN means
       lazy matching pattern (see LAZY MATCHING). Note that ;PTN must be the end of the probe point definition. In
       addition, @SRC specifies a source file which has that function. It is also possible to specify a probe point by
       the source line number or lazy matching by using SRC:ALN or SRC;PTN syntax, where SRC is the source file path,
       :ALN is the line number and ;PTN is the lazy matching pattern. ARG specifies the arguments of this probe point,
       (see PROBE ARGUMENT). SDTEVENT and PROVIDER is the pre-defined event name which is defined by user SDT
       (Statically Defined Tracing) or the pre-cached probes with event name. Note that before using the SDT event,
       the target binary (on which SDT events are defined) must be scanned by perf-buildid-cache(1) to make SDT events
       as cached events.

       For details of the SDT, see below. https://sourceware.org/gdb/onlinedocs/gdb/Static-Probe-Points.html

PROBE ARGUMENT
       Each probe argument follows below syntax.

           [NAME=]LOCALVAR|$retval|%REG|@SYMBOL[:TYPE]

       NAME specifies the name of this argument (optional). You can use the name of local variable, local data
       structure member (e.g. var->field, var.field2), local array with fixed index (e.g. array[1], var->array[0],
       var->pointer[2]), or kprobe-tracer argument format (e.g. $retval, %ax, etc). Note that the name of this argument
       will be set as the last member name if you specify a local data structure member (e.g. field2 for
       var->field1.field2.) $vars and $params special arguments are also available for NAME, $vars is expanded to the
       local variables (including function parameters) which can access at given probe point. $params is expanded to
       only the function parameters. TYPE casts the type of this argument (optional). If omitted, perf probe
       automatically set the type based on debuginfo. Currently, basic types (u8/u16/u32/u64/s8/s16/s32/s64),
       signedness casting (u/s), "string" and bitfield are supported. (see TYPES for detail)

       On x86 systems %REG is always the short form of the register: for example %AX. %RAX or %EAX is not valid.

TYPES
       Basic types (u8/u16/u32/u64/s8/s16/s32/s64) are integer types. Prefix s and u means those types are signed and
       unsigned respectively. Traced arguments are shown in decimal (signed) or hex (unsigned). You can also use s or
       u to specify only signedness and leave its size auto-detected by perf probe. String type is a special type,
       which fetches a "null-terminated" string from kernel space. This means it will fail and store NULL if the
       string container has been paged out. You can specify string type only for the local variable or structure
       member which is an array of or a pointer to char or unsigned char type. Bitfield is another special type, which
       takes 3 parameters, bit-width, bit-offset, and container-size (usually 32). The syntax is;

           b<bit-width>@<bit-offset>/<container-size>

LINE SYNTAX
       Line range is described by following syntax.

           "FUNC[@SRC][:RLN[+NUM|-RLN2]]|SRC[:ALN[+NUM|-ALN2]]"

       FUNC specifies the function name of showing lines. RLN is the start line number from function entry line, and
       RLN2 is the end line number. As same as probe syntax, SRC means the source file path, ALN is start line number,
       and ALN2 is end line number in the file. It is also possible to specify how many lines to show by using NUM.
       Moreover, FUNC@SRC combination is good for searching a specific function when several functions share same
       name. So, "source.c:100-120" shows lines between 100th to l20th in source.c file. And "func:10+20" shows 20
       lines from 10th line of func function.

LAZY MATCHING
           The lazy line matching is similar to glob matching but ignoring spaces in both of pattern and target. So this accepts wildcards(?*?, ???) and character classes(e.g. [a-z], [!A-Z]).

       e.g. a=* can matches a=b, a = b, a == b and so on.

       This provides some sort of flexibility and robustness to probe point definitions against minor code changes.
       For example, actual 10th line of schedule() can be moved easily by modifying schedule(), but the same line
       matching rq=cpu_rq* may still exist in the function.)

FILTER PATTERN
           The filter pattern is a glob matching pattern(s) to filter variables.
           In addition, you can use "!" for specifying filter-out rule. You also can give several rules combined with "&" or "|", and fold those rules as one rule by using "(" ")".

       e.g. With --filter "foo* | bar*", perf probe -V shows variables which start with "foo" or "bar". With --filter
       "!foo* & *bar", perf probe -V shows variables which don't start with "foo" and end with "bar", like "fizzbar".
       But "foobar" is filtered out.

EXAMPLES
       Display which lines in schedule() can be probed:

           ./perf probe --line schedule

       Add a probe on schedule() function 12th line with recording cpu local variable:

           ./perf probe schedule:12 cpu
           or
           ./perf probe --add=?schedule:12 cpu?

           this will add one or more probes which has the name start with "schedule".

           Add probes on lines in schedule() function which calls update_rq_clock().

           ./perf probe ?schedule;update_rq_clock*?
           or
           ./perf probe --add=?schedule;update_rq_clock*?

       Delete all probes on schedule().

           ./perf probe --del=?schedule*?

       Add probes at zfree() function on /bin/zsh

           ./perf probe -x /bin/zsh zfree or ./perf probe /bin/zsh zfree

       Add probes at malloc() function on libc

           ./perf probe -x /lib/libc.so.6 malloc or ./perf probe /lib/libc.so.6 malloc

SEE ALSO
       perf-trace(1), perf-record(1), perf-buildid-cache(1)



perf                              01/23/2018                     PERF-PROBE(1)