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PDFTK(1)                                                              PDFTK(1)

       pdftk - A handy tool for manipulating PDF

       pdftk <input PDF files | - | PROMPT>
            [ input_pw <input PDF owner passwords | PROMPT> ]
            [ <operation> <operation arguments> ]
            [ output <output filename | - | PROMPT> ]
            [ encrypt_40bit | encrypt_128bit ]
            [ allow <permissions> ]
            [ owner_pw <owner password | PROMPT> ]
            [ user_pw <user password | PROMPT> ]
            [ flatten ] [ compress | uncompress ]
            [ keep_first_id | keep_final_id ] [ drop_xfa ]
            [ verbose ] [ dont_ask | do_ask ]
            <operation> may be empty, or:
            [ cat | shuffle | burst |
              generate_fdf | fill_form |
              background | multibackground |
              stamp | multistamp |
              dump_data | dump_data_utf8 |
              dump_data_fields | dump_data_fields_utf8 |
              update_info | update_info_utf8 |
              attach_files | unpack_files ]

       For Complete Help: pdftk --help

       If PDF is electronic paper, then pdftk is an electronic staple-remover, hole-punch, binder, secret-decoder-
       ring, and X-Ray-glasses.  Pdftk is a simple tool for doing everyday things with PDF documents.  Use it to:

       * Merge PDF Documents or Collate PDF Page Scans
       * Split PDF Pages into a New Document
       * Rotate PDF Documents or Pages
       * Decrypt Input as Necessary (Password Required)
       * Encrypt Output as Desired
       * Fill PDF Forms with X/FDF Data and/or Flatten Forms
       * Generate FDF Data Stencils from PDF Forms
       * Apply a Background Watermark or a Foreground Stamp
       * Report PDF Metrics such as Metadata and Bookmarks
       * Update PDF Metadata
       * Attach Files to PDF Pages or the PDF Document
       * Unpack PDF Attachments
       * Burst a PDF Document into Single Pages
       * Uncompress and Re-Compress Page Streams
       * Repair Corrupted PDF (Where Possible)

       A summary of options is included below.

       --help, -h
              Show summary of options.

       <input PDF files | - | PROMPT>
              A list of the input PDF files. If you plan to combine these PDFs (without using handles) then list files
              in the order you want them combined.  Use - to pass a single PDF into pdftk via stdin.  Input files can
              be associated with handles, where a handle is a single, upper-case letter:

              <input PDF handle>=<input PDF filename>

              Handles are often omitted.  They are useful when specifying PDF passwords or page ranges, later.

              For example: A=input1.pdf B=input2.pdf

       [input_pw <input PDF owner passwords | PROMPT>]
              Input PDF owner passwords, if necessary, are associated with files by using their handles:

              <input PDF handle>=<input PDF file owner password>

              If handles are not given, then passwords are associated with input files by order.

              Most pdftk features require that encrypted input PDF are accompanied by the ~owner~ password. If the
              input PDF has no owner password, then the user password must be given, instead.  If the input PDF has no
              passwords, then no password should be given.

              When running in do_ask mode, pdftk will prompt you for a password if the supplied password is incorrect
              or none was given.

       [<operation> <operation arguments>]
              If this optional argument is omitted, then pdftk runs in 'filter' mode.  Filter mode takes only one PDF
              input and creates a new PDF after applying all of the output options, like encryption and compression.

              Available operations are: cat, shuffle, burst, generate_fdf, fill_form, background, multibackground,
              stamp, multistamp, dump_data, dump_data_utf8, dump_data_fields, dump_data_fields_utf8, update_info,
              update_info_utf8, attach_files, unpack_files. Some operations takes additional arguments, described

          cat [<page ranges>]
                 Catenates pages from input PDFs to create a new PDF.  Page order in the new PDF is specified by the
                 order of the given page ranges.  Page ranges are described like this:

                 <input PDF handle>[<begin page number>[-<end page number>[<qualifier>]]][<page rotation>]

                 Where the handle identifies one of the input PDF files, and the beginning and ending page numbers are
                 one-based references to pages in the PDF file, and the qualifier can be even or odd, and the page
                 rotation can be N, S, E, W, L, R, or D.

                 If the handle is omitted from the page range, then the pages are taken from the first input PDF.

                 The even qualifier causes pdftk to use only the even-numbered PDF pages, so 1-6even yields pages 2, 4
                 and 6 in that order.  6-1even yields pages 6, 4 and 2 in that order.

                 The odd qualifier works similarly to the even.

                 The page rotation setting can cause pdftk to rotate pages and documents.  Each option sets the page
                 rotation as follows (in degrees): N: 0, E: 90, S: 180, W: 270, L: -90, R: +90, D: +180. L, R, and D
                 make relative adjustments to a page's rotation.

                 If no arguments are passed to cat, then pdftk combines all input PDFs in the order they were given to
                 create the output.

                 * <end page number> may be less than <begin page number>.
                 * The keyword end may be used to reference the final page of a document instead of a page number.
                 * Reference a single page by omitting the ending page number.
                 * The handle may be used alone to represent the entire PDF document, e.g., B1-end is the same as B.

                 Page Range Examples w/o Handles:
                 1-endE - rotate entire document 90 degrees
                 5 11 20 - take single pages from input PDF
                 5-25oddW - take odd pages in range, rotate 90 degrees
                 6-1 - reverse pages in range from input PDF

                 Page Range Examples Using Handles:
                 Say A=in1.pdf B=in2.pdf, then:
                 A1-21 - take range from in1.pdf
                 Bend-1odd - take all odd pages from in2.pdf in reverse order
                 A72 - take a single page from in1.pdf
                 A1-21 Beven A72 - assemble pages from both in1.pdf and in2.pdf
                 AW - rotate entire in1.pdf document 90 degrees
                 B - use all of in2.pdf
                 A2-30evenL - take the even pages from the range, remove 90 degrees from each page's rotation
                 A A - catenate in1.pdf with in1.pdf
                 AevenW AoddE - apply rotations to even pages, odd pages from in1.pdf
                 AW BW BD - catenate rotated documents

          shuffle [<page ranges>]
                 Collates pages from input PDFs to create a new PDF.  Works like the cat operation except that it
                 takes one page at a time from each page range to assemble the output PDF.  If one range runs out of
                 pages, it continues with the remaining ranges.  Ranges can use all of the features described above
                 for cat, like reverse page ranges, multiple ranges from a single PDF, and page rotation.  This fea-
                 ture was designed to help collate PDF pages after scanning paper documents.

          burst  Splits a single, input PDF document into individual pages. Also creates a report named doc_data.txt
                 which is the same as the output from dump_data.  If the output section is omitted, then PDF pages are
                 named: pg_%04d.pdf, e.g.: pg_0001.pdf, pg_0002.pdf, etc.  To name these pages yourself, supply a
                 printf-styled format string via the output section.  For example, if you want pages named:
                 page_01.pdf, page_02.pdf, etc., pass output page_%02d.pdf to pdftk.  Encryption can be applied to the
                 output by appending output options such as owner_pw, e.g.:

                 pdftk in.pdf burst owner_pw foopass

                 Reads a single, input PDF file and generates an FDF file suitable for fill_form out of it to the
                 given output filename or (if no output is given) to stdout.  Does not create a new PDF.

          fill_form <FDF data filename | XFDF data filename | - | PROMPT>
                 Fills the single input PDF's form fields with the data from an FDF file, XFDF file or stdin. Enter
                 the data filename after fill_form, or use - to pass the data via stdin, like so:

                 pdftk form.pdf fill_form data.fdf output form.filled.pdf

                 After filling a form, the form fields remain interactive unless you also use the flatten output
                 option. flatten merges the form fields with the PDF pages. You can use flatten alone, too, but only
                 on a single PDF:

                 pdftk form.pdf fill_form data.fdf output out.pdf flatten


                 pdftk form.filled.pdf output out.pdf flatten

                 If the input FDF file includes Rich Text formatted data in addition to plain text, then the Rich Text
                 data is packed into the form fields as well as the plain text.  Pdftk also sets a flag that cues
                 Acrobat/Reader to generate new field appearances based on the Rich Text data.  That way, when the
                 user opens the PDF, the viewer will create the Rich Text fields on the spot.  If the user's PDF
                 viewer does not support Rich Text, then the user will see the plain text data instead.  If you flat-
                 ten this form before Acrobat has a chance to create (and save) new field appearances, then the plain
                 text field data is what you'll see.

          background <background PDF filename | - | PROMPT>
                 Applies a PDF watermark to the background of a single input PDF.  Pass the background PDF's filename
                 after background like so:

                 pdftk in.pdf background back.pdf output out.pdf

                 Pdftk uses only the first page from the background PDF and applies it to every page of the input PDF.
                 This page is scaled and rotated as needed to fit the input page.  You can use - to pass a background
                 PDF into pdftk via stdin.

                 If the input PDF does not have a transparent background (such as a PDF created from page scans) then
                 the resulting background won't be visible -- use the stamp operation instead.

          multibackground <background PDF filename | - | PROMPT>
                 Same as the background operation, but applies each page of the background PDF to the corresponding
                 page of the input PDF.  If the input PDF has more pages than the stamp PDF, then the final stamp page
                 is repeated across these remaining pages in the input PDF.

          stamp <stamp PDF filename | - | PROMPT>
                 This behaves just like the background operation except it overlays the stamp PDF page on top of the
                 input PDF document's pages.  This works best if the stamp PDF page has a transparent background.

          multistamp <stamp PDF filename | - | PROMPT>
                 Same as the stamp operation, but applies each page of the background PDF to the corresponding page of
                 the input PDF.  If the input PDF has more pages than the stamp PDF, then the final stamp page is
                 repeated across these remaining pages in the input PDF.

                 Reads a single, input PDF file and reports various statistics, metadata, bookmarks (a/k/a outlines),
                 and page labels to the given output filename or (if no output is given) to stdout.  Non-ASCII charac-
                 ters are encoded as XML numerical entities.  Does not create a new PDF.

                 Same as dump_data excepct that the output is encoded as UTF-8.

                 Reads a single, input PDF file and reports form field statistics to the given output filename or (if
                 no output is given) to stdout. Non-ASCII characters are encoded as XML numerical entities. Does not
                 create a new PDF.

                 Same as dump_data_fields excepct that the output is encoded as UTF-8.

          update_info <info data filename | - | PROMPT>
                 Changes the metadata stored in a single PDF's Info dictionary to match the input data file. The input
                 data file uses the same syntax as the output from dump_data. Non-ASCII characters should be encoded
                 as XML numerical entities. This does not change the metadata stored in the PDF's XMP stream, if it
                 has one. For example:

                 pdftk in.pdf update_info output out.pdf

          update_info_utf8 <info data filename | - | PROMPT>
                 Same as update_info except that the input is encoded as UTF-8.

          attach_files <attachment filenames | PROMPT> [to_page <page number | PROMPT>]
                 Packs arbitrary files into a PDF using PDF's file attachment features. More than one attachment may
                 be listed after attach_files. Attachments are added at the document level unless the optional to_page
                 option is given, in which case the files are attached to the given page number (the first page is 1,
                 the final page is end). For example:

                 pdftk in.pdf attach_files table1.html table2.html to_page 6 output out.pdf

                 Copies all of the attachments from the input PDF into the current folder or to an output directory
                 given after output. For example:

                 pdftk report.pdf unpack_files output ~/atts/

                 or, interactively:

                 pdftk report.pdf unpack_files output PROMPT

       [output <output filename | - | PROMPT>]
              The output PDF filename may not be set to the name of an input filename. Use - to output to stdout.
              When using the dump_data operation, use output to set the name of the output data file. When using the
              unpack_files operation, use output to set the name of an output directory.  When using the burst opera-
              tion, you can use output to control the resulting PDF page filenames (described above).

       [encrypt_40bit | encrypt_128bit]
              If an output PDF user or owner password is given, output PDF encryption strength defaults to 128 bits.
              This can be overridden by specifying encrypt_40bit.

       [allow <permissions>]
              Permissions are applied to the output PDF only if an encryption strength is specified or an owner or
              user password is given.  If permissions are not specified, they default to 'none,' which means all of
              the following features are disabled.

              The permissions section may include one or more of the following features:

                     Top Quality Printing

                     Lower Quality Printing

                     Also allows Assembly


                     Also allows ScreenReaders


                     Also allows FillIn


                     Allows the user to perform all of the above, and top quality printing.

       [owner_pw <owner password | PROMPT>]

       [user_pw <user password | PROMPT>]
              If an encryption strength is given but no passwords are supplied, then the owner and user passwords
              remain empty, which means that the resulting PDF may be opened and its security parameters altered by

       [compress | uncompress]
              These are only useful when you want to edit PDF code in a text editor like vim or emacs.  Remove PDF
              page stream compression by applying the uncompress filter. Use the compress filter to restore compres-

              Use this option to merge an input PDF's interactive form fields (and their data) with the PDF's pages.
              Only one input PDF may be given. Sometimes used with the fill_form operation.

       [keep_first_id | keep_final_id]
              When combining pages from multiple PDFs, use one of these options to copy the document ID from either
              the first or final input document into the new output PDF. Otherwise pdftk creates a new document ID for
              the output PDF. When no operation is given, pdftk always uses the ID from the (single) input PDF.

              If your input PDF is a form created using Acrobat 7 or Adobe Designer, then it probably has XFA data.
              Filling such a form using pdftk yields a PDF with data that fails to display in Acrobat 7 (and 6?).  The
              workaround solution is to remove the form's XFA data, either before you fill the form using pdftk or at
              the time you fill the form. Using this option causes pdftk to omit the XFA data from the output PDF

              This option is only useful when running pdftk on a single input PDF.  When assembling a PDF from multi-
              ple inputs using pdftk, any XFA data in the input is automatically omitted.

              By default, pdftk runs quietly. Append verbose to the end and it will speak up.

       [dont_ask | do_ask]
              Depending on the compile-time settings (see ASK_ABOUT_WARNINGS), pdftk might prompt you for further
              input when it encounters a problem, such as a bad password. Override this default behavior by adding
              dont_ask (so pdftk won't ask you what to do) or do_ask (so pdftk will ask you what to do).

              When running in dont_ask mode, pdftk will over-write files with its output without notice.

       Collate scanned pages
         pdftk A=even.pdf B=odd.pdf shuffle A B output collated.pdf
         or if odd.pdf is in reverse order:
         pdftk A=even.pdf B=odd.pdf shuffle A Bend-1 output collated.pdf

       Decrypt a PDF
         pdftk secured.pdf input_pw foopass output unsecured.pdf

       Encrypt a PDF using 128-bit strength (the default), withhold all permissions (the default)
         pdftk 1.pdf output 1.128.pdf owner_pw foopass

       Same as above, except password 'baz' must also be used to open output PDF
         pdftk 1.pdf output 1.128.pdf owner_pw foo user_pw baz

       Same as above, except printing is allowed (once the PDF is open)
         pdftk 1.pdf output 1.128.pdf owner_pw foo user_pw baz allow printing

       Join in1.pdf and in2.pdf into a new PDF, out1.pdf
         pdftk in1.pdf in2.pdf cat output out1.pdf
         or (using handles):
         pdftk A=in1.pdf B=in2.pdf cat A B output out1.pdf
         or (using wildcards):
         pdftk *.pdf cat output combined.pdf

       Remove 'page 13' from in1.pdf to create out1.pdf
         pdftk in.pdf cat 1-12 14-end output out1.pdf
         pdftk A=in1.pdf cat A1-12 A14-end output out1.pdf

       Apply 40-bit encryption to output, revoking all permissions (the default). Set the owner PW to 'foopass'.
         pdftk 1.pdf 2.pdf cat output 3.pdf encrypt_40bit owner_pw foopass

       Join two files, one of which requires the password 'foopass'. The output is not encrypted.
         pdftk A=secured.pdf 2.pdf input_pw A=foopass cat output 3.pdf

       Uncompress PDF page streams for editing the PDF in a text editor (e.g., vim, emacs)
         pdftk doc.pdf output doc.unc.pdf uncompress

       Repair a PDF's corrupted XREF table and stream lengths, if possible
         pdftk broken.pdf output fixed.pdf

       Burst a single PDF document into pages and dump its data to doc_data.txt
         pdftk in.pdf burst

       Burst a single PDF document into encrypted pages. Allow low-quality printing
         pdftk in.pdf burst owner_pw foopass allow DegradedPrinting

       Write a report on PDF document metadata and bookmarks to report.txt
         pdftk in.pdf dump_data output report.txt

       Rotate the first PDF page to 90 degrees clockwise
         pdftk in.pdf cat 1E 2-end output out.pdf

       Rotate an entire PDF document to 180 degrees
         pdftk in.pdf cat 1-endS output out.pdf

       The pdftk home page permalink is:
       The easy-to-remember shortcut is:

       Sid Steward (sid.steward at pdflabs dot com) maintains pdftk.  Please email him with questions or bug reports.
       Include pdftk in the subject line to ensure successful delivery.  Thank you.

                               October 28, 2010                       PDFTK(1)