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PDFTEX(1)                         Web2C 7.5.6                        PDFTEX(1)

NAME
pdftex, pdfinitex, pdfvirtex - PDF output from TeX

SYNOPSIS
pdftex [options] [& format ] [ file | \ commands ]

DESCRIPTION
Run  the  pdfTeX  typesetter on file, usually creating file.pdf.  If the file argument has no extension, ".tex"
will be appended to it.  Instead of a filename, a set of pdfTeX commands can be given, the first of which  must
start with a backslash.  With a &format argument pdfTeX uses a different set of precompiled commands, contained
in format.fmt; it is usually better to use the -fmt format option instead.

pdfTeX is a version of TeX, with the e-TeX extensions, that can create PDF files as well as DVI files.

In DVI mode, pdfTeX can be used as a complete replacement for the TeX engine.

The typical use of pdfTeX is with a pregenerated formats for which PDF output has  been  enabled.   The  pdftex
command  uses the equivalent of the plain TeX format, and the pdflatex command uses the equivalent of the LaTeX
format.  To generate formats, use the -ini switch.

The pdfinitex and pdfvirtex commands are pdfTeX's analogues to the initex and virtex commands.  In this instal-
lation, if the links exist, they are symbolic links to the pdftex executable.

In  PDF  mode, pdfTeX can natively handle the PDF, JPG, JBIG2, and PNG graphics formats.  pdfTeX cannot include
PostScript or Encapsulated PostScript (EPS) graphics files; first convert them to PDF using epstopdf(1).   pdf-
TeX's  handling  of  its  command-line  arguments  is similar to that of of the other TeX programs in the web2c
implementation.

OPTIONS
This version of pdfTeX understands the following command line options.

-draftmode
Sets \pdfdraftmode so pdfTeX doesn't write a PDF and doesn't read any included images, thus speeding  up
execution.

-enc   Enable  the  encTeX extensions.  This option is only effective in combination with -ini.  For documenta-
tion of the encTeX extensions see http://www.olsak.net/enctex.html.

-etex  Enable the e-TeX extensions.  This option is only effective in combination with -ini.  See etex(1).

-file-line-error
Print error messages in the form file:line:error which is similar to the way many compilers format them.

-no-file-line-error
Disable printing error messages in the file:line:error style.

-file-line-error-style
This is the old name of the -file-line-error option.

-fmt format
Use  format as the name of the format to be used, instead of the name by which pdfTeX was called or a %&
line.

-halt-on-error
Exit with an error code when an error is encountered during processing.

-help  Print help message and exit.

-ini   Start in INI mode, which is used to dump formats.  The INI mode can be used for typesetting, but no for-
mat is preloaded, and basic initializations like setting catcodes may be required.

-interaction mode
Sets  the  interaction  mode.  The mode can be either batchmode, nonstopmode, scrollmode, and errorstop-
mode.  The meaning of these modes is the same as that of the corresponding \commands.

-ipc   Send DVI or PDF output to a socket as well as the usual output file.  Whether this option  is  available
is the choice of the installer.

-ipc-start
As -ipc, and starts the server at the other end as well.  Whether this option is available is the choice
of the installer.

-jobname name
Use name for the job name, instead of deriving it from the name of the input file.

Sets path searching debugging flags according to the bitmask.  See the Kpathsea manual for details.

-mktex fmt
Enable mktexfmt, where fmt must be either tex or tfm.

-mltex Enable MLTeX extensions.  Only effective in combination with -ini.

-no-mktex fmt
Disable mktexfmt, where fmt must be either tex or tfm.

-output-comment string
In DVI mode, use string for the DVI file comment instead of the date.  This option  is  ignored  in  PDF
mode.

-output-directory directory
directory  instead of the current directory.  Look up input files in directory first, the along the nor-
mal search path.

-output-format format
Set the output format mode, where format must be either pdf or dvi.  This also  influences  the  set  of
graphics formats understood by pdfTeX.

-parse-first-line
If  the  first  line of the main input file begins with %& parse it to look for a dump name or a -trans-
late-file option.

-no-parse-first-line
Disable parsing of the first line of the main input file.

-progname name
Pretend to be program name.  This affects both the format used and the search paths.

-recorder
Enable the filename recorder.  This leaves a trace of the files opened for input and output  in  a  file
with extension .fls.

-shell-escape
Enable  the  \write18{command} construct.  The command can be any shell command.  This construct is nor-
mally disallowed for security reasons.

-no-shell-escape
Disable the \write18{command} construct, even if it is enabled in the texmf.cnf file.

-src-specials
In DVI mode, insert source specials into the DVI file.  This option is ignored in PDF mode.

-src-specials where
In DVI mode, insert source specials in certain placed of the DVI file.  where is a comma-separated value
list: cr, display, hbox, math, par, parent, or vbox.  This option is ignored in PDF mode.

-translate-file tcxname
Use  the tcxname translation table to set the mapping of input characters and re-mapping of output char-
acters.

-default-translate-file tcxname
Like -translate-file except that a %& line can overrule this setting.

-version
Print version information and exit.

ENVIRONMENT
See the Kpathsearch library documentation (the 'Path specifications' node) for precise details of how the envi-
ronment variables are used.  The kpsewhich utility can be used to query the values of the variables.

One caveat: In most pdfTeX formats, you cannot use ~ in a filename you give directly to pdfTeX, because ~ is an
active character, and hence is expanded, not taken as part of the filename.  Other programs, such as  Metafont,
do not have this problem.

TEXMFOUTPUT
Normally,  pdfTeX  puts  its output files in the current directory.  If any output file cannot be opened
there, it tries to open it in the directory specified in the environment variable TEXMFOUTPUT.  There is
no  default  value for that variable.  For example, if you say pdftex paper and the current directory is
not writable, if TEXMFOUTPUT  has  the  value  /tmp,  pdfTeX  attempts  to  create  /tmp/paper.log  (and
/tmp/paper.pdf, if any output is produced.)

TEXINPUTS
Search path for \input and \openin files.  This should probably start with ''.'', so that user files are
found before system files.  An empty path component will be replaced  with  the  paths  defined  in  the
texmf.cnf  file.   For  example, set TEXINPUTS to ".:/home/usr/tex:" to prepend the current direcory and
''/home/user/tex'' to the standard search path.

TEXFORMATS
Search path for format files.

TEXPOOL
search path for pdftex internal strings.

TEXEDIT
Command template for switching to editor.  The default, usually vi, is set when pdfTeX is compiled.

TFMFONTS
Search path for font metric (.tfm) files.

FILES
The location of the files mentioned below varies from system to system.  Use  the  kpsewhich  utility  to  find
their locations.

pdftex.pool
Text file containing pdfTeX's internal strings.

pdftex.map
Filename mapping definitions.

*.tfm  Metric files for pdfTeX's fonts.

*.fmt  Predigested pdfTeX format (.fmt) files.

NOTES
Starting  with  version  1.40,  pdfTeX incorporates the e-TeX extensions, and pdfeTeX is just a copy of pdfTeX.
See etex(1).  This manual page is not meant to be exhaustive.  The complete documentation for this  version  of
pdfTeX can be found in the pdfTeX manual and the info manual Web2C: A TeX implementation.

BUGS
This  version of pdfTeX implements a number of optional extensions.  In fact, many of these extensions conflict
to a greater or lesser extent with the definition of pdfTeX.  When such  extensions  are  enabled,  the  banner
printed when pdfTeX starts is changed to print pdfTeXk instead of pdfTeX.

This  version of pdfTeX fails to trap arithmetic overflow when dimensions are added or subtracted.  Cases where
this occurs are rare, but when it does the generated DVI file will be invalid.  Whether a  generated  PDF  file
would be usable is unknown.

AVAILABILITY
pdfTeX  is available for a large variety of machine architectures and operation systems.  pdfTeX is part of all
major TeX distributions.

Information on how to get pdfTeX and related information is available at the http://www.pdftex.org pdfTeX  web-
site.

The  following pdfeTeX related mailing list is available: pdftexATtug.org.  This is a mailman list; to subscribe
send a message containing subscribe to pdftex-requestATtug.org.  More  about  the  list  can  be  found  at  the
http://tug.org/mailman/listinfo/pdftex mailing list website.

epstopdf(1), etex(1), latex(1), mptopdf(1), tex(1), texexec(1), mf(1).

AUTHORS
The primary authors of pdfTeX are Han The Thanh, Petr Sojka, Jiri Zlatuska, and Peter Breitenlohner (eTeX).

TeX  was  designed by Donald E. Knuth, who implemented it using his  system for Pascal programs.  It was ported
to Unix at Stanford by Howard Trickey, and at Cornell by Pavel Curtis.  The version now offered with  the  Unix
TeX  distribution  is  that  generated by the  to C system (web2c), originally written by Tomas Rokicki and Tim
Morgan.

The encTeX extensions were written by Petr Olsak.

pdftex 1.40                     8 January 2007                       PDFTEX(1)