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NANORC(5)                                                            NANORC(5)

       nanorc - GNU nano's rcfile

       This manual page briefly documents GNU nano's rcfile.

       nano  is  a small, free and friendly editor which aims to replace Pico, the default editor included in the non-
       free Pine package.  Rather than just copying Pico's look and feel, nano also implements some missing  (or  dis-
       abled by default) features in Pico, such as "search and replace" and "go to line and column number".

       The  nanorc  file  contains  the  default  settings  for  nano.  It should not be in DOS or Mac format.  During
       startup, nano will first read its system-wide settings from SYSCONFDIR/nanorc, and then user-specific  settings
       from ~/.nanorc.

       The  configuration  file  accepts  a  series  of set and unset commands, which can be used to configure nano on
       startup without using the command line options.  Additionally, the syntax, color, and icolor keywords are  used
       to define syntax highlighting rules for different text patterns.  nano will read one command per line.

       Options  in  nanorc  files  take precedence over nano's defaults, and command line options override nanorc set-
       tings.  Also, options are unset by default, except for those that take arguments.

       Quotes inside string parameters don't have to be escaped with backslashes.  The last double quote in the string
       will be treated as its end.  For example, for the brackets option, ""')>]}" will match ", ', ), >, ], and }.

       The supported commands and arguments are:

       set/unset autoindent
          Use auto-indentation.

       set/unset backup
          Create backup files in filename~.

       set backupdir directory
          Set the directory where nano puts unique backup files if file backups are enabled.

       set/unset backwards
          Do backwards searches by default.

       set/unset boldtext
          Use bold text instead of reverse video text.

       set brackets string
          Set  the characters treated as closing brackets when justifying paragraphs.  They cannot contain blank char-
          acters.  Only closing punctuation, optionally followed by closing brackets, can end sentences.  The  default
          value is ""')>]}".

       set/unset casesensitive
          Do case sensitive searches by default.

       set/unset const
          Constantly display the cursor position in the status bar.

       set/unset cut
          Use cut to end of line by default.

       set fill n
          Wrap  lines  at column number n.  If n is 0 or less, the maximum line length will be the screen width less n
          columns.  The default value is -8.

       set/unset historylog
          Enable ~/.nano_history for saving and reading search/replace strings.

       set matchbrackets string
          Set the opening and closing brackets that can be found by bracket searches.  They cannot contain blank char-
          acters.   The  former  set must come before the latter set, and both must be in the same order.  The default
          value is "(<[{)>]}".

       set/unset morespace
          Use the blank line below the titlebar as extra editing space.

       set/unset mouse
          Enable mouse support, if available for your system.  When enabled, mouse clicks can be  used  to  place  the
          cursor, set the mark (with a double click), and execute shortcuts.  The mouse will work in the X Window Sys-
          tem, and on the console when gpm is running.

       set/unset multibuffer
          Allow inserting files into their own buffers.

       set/unset noconvert
          Don't convert files from DOS/Mac format.

       set/unset nofollow
          Don't follow symlinks when writing files.

       set/unset nohelp
          Don't display the help lists at the bottom of the screen.

       set/unset nonewlines
          Don't add newlines to the ends of files.

       set/unset nowrap
          Don't wrap text at all.

       set operatingdir directory
          nano will only read and write files inside directory and its subdirectories.  Also, the current directory is
          changed  to here, so files are inserted from this diractory.  By default, the operating directory feature is
          turned off.

       set/unset preserve
          Preserve the XON and XOFF keys (^Q and ^S).

       set punct string
          Set the characters treated as closing punctuation when justifying paragraphs.   They  cannot  contain  blank
          characters.   Only  closing  punctuation,  optionally  followed by closing brackets, can end sentences.  The
          default value is "!.?".

       set/unset quickblank
          Do quick statusbar blanking.  Statusbar messages will disappear after 1 keystroke instead of 25.

       set quotestr string
          The email-quote string, used to justify email-quoted paragraphs.  This is an extended regular expression  if
          your  system  supports  them,  otherwise a literal string.  The default value is "^([ \t]*[#:>\|}])+" if you
          have extended regular expression support, or "> " otherwise.  Note that '\t' stands for a literal Tab  char-

       set/unset rebinddelete
          Interpret  the Delete key differently so that both Backspace and Delete work properly.  You should only need
          to use this option if Backspace acts like Delete on your system.

       set/unset rebindkeypad
          Interpret the numeric keypad keys so that they all work properly.  You should only need to use  this  option
          if they don't, as mouse support won't work properly with this option enabled.

       set/unset regexp
          Do extended regular expression searches by default.

       set/unset smarthome
          Make  the Home key smarter.  When Home is pressed anywhere but at the very beginning of non-whitespace char-
          acters on a line, the cursor will jump to that beginning (either forwards or backwards).  If the  cursor  is
          already at that position, it will jump to the true beginning of the line.

       set/unset smooth
          Use smooth scrolling by default.

       set speller spellprog
          Use spelling checker spellprog instead of the built-in one, which calls spell.

       set/unset suspend
          Allow nano to be suspended.

       set tabsize n
          Use a tab size of n columns.  The value of n must be greater than 0.  The default value is 8.

       set/unset tabstospaces
          Convert typed tabs to spaces.

       set/unset tempfile
          Save automatically on exit, don't prompt.

       set/unset view
          Disallow file modification.

       set whitespace string
          Set  the two characters used to display the first characters of tabs and spaces.  They must be single-column

       set/unset wordbounds
          Detect word boundaries more accurately by treating punctuation characters as parts of words.

       syntax str ["fileregex" ... ]
          Defines a syntax named str which can be activated via the -Y/--syntax command line option, or will be  auto-
          matically  activated if the current filename matches the extended regular expression fileregex.  All follow-
          ing color and icolor statements will apply to syntax until a new syntax is defined.

          The none syntax is reserved; specifying it on the command line is the same as not having a  syntax  at  all.
          The  default  syntax is special: it takes no fileregex, and applies to files that don't match any other syn-
          tax's fileregex.

       color fgcolor,bgcolor regex ...
          For the currently defined syntax, display all expressions matching the  extended  regular  expression  regex
          with  foreground color fgcolor and background color bgcolor, at least one of which must be specified.  Legal
          colors for foreground and background color are: white, black, red, blue, green, yellow, magenta,  and  cyan.
          You  may  use  the prefix "bright" to force a stronger color highlight for the foreground.  If your terminal
          supports transparency, not specifying a bgcolor tells nano to attempt to use a transparent background.

       icolor fgcolor,bgcolor regex ...
          Same as above, except that the expression matching is case insensitive.

       color fgcolor,bgcolor start="sr" end="er"
          Display expressions which start with the extended regular expression sr and end with  the  extended  regular
          expression  er  with  foreground  color  fgcolor and background color bgcolor, at least one of which must be
          specified.  This allows syntax highlighting to span multiple lines.  Note that all subsequent  instances  of
          sr after an initial sr is found will be highlighted until the first instance of er.

       icolor fgcolor,bgcolor start="sr" end="er"
          Same as above, except that the expression matching is case insensitive.

       include syntaxfile
          Read in self-contained color syntaxes from syntaxfile.  Note that syntaxfile can only contain syntax, color,
          and icolor commands.

              System-wide configuration file

              Per-user configuration file

       /usr/share/doc/nano/examples/nanorc.sample (or equivalent on your system)
       Chris Allegretta <>, et al (see AUTHORS and THANKS for details).  This manual  page  was  origi-
       nally written by Jordi Mallach <>, for the Debian system (but may be used by others).

August 23, 2007                  version 2.0.0                       NANORC(5)