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NAMEI(1)                                                              NAMEI(1)

       namei - follow a pathname until a terminal point is found

       namei [options] pathname...

       Namei  uses  its  arguments as pathnames to any type of Unix file (symlinks, files, directories, and so forth).
       Namei then follows each pathname until a terminal point is found (a file, directory, char device, etc).  If  it
       finds a symbolic link, we show the link, and start following it, indenting the output to show the context.

       This program is useful for finding a "too many levels of symbolic links" problems.

       For each line output, namei outputs a the following characters to identify the file types found:

          f: = the pathname we are currently trying to resolve
           d = directory
           l = symbolic link (both the link and it's contents are output)
           s = socket
           b = block device
           c = character device
           p = FIFO (named pipe)
           - = regular file
           ? = an error of some kind

       Namei  prints  an  informative  message when the maximum number of symbolic links this system can have has been

       -l, --long
              Use a long listing format (same as -m -o -v).

       -m, --modes
              Show the mode bits of each file type in the style of ls(1), for example 'rwxr-xr-x'.

       -o, --owners
              Show owner and group name of each file.

       -n, --nosymlinks
              Don't follow symlinks.

       -v, --vertical
              Vertical align of modes and owners.

       -x, --mountpoints
              Show mount point directories with a 'D', rather than a 'd'.

       The original namei program was written by Roger Southwick <>.

       The program was re-written by Karel Zak <>.

       To be discovered.

       ls(1), stat(1)

       The  namei  command  is  part  of  the   util-linux-ng   package   and   is   available   from   ftp://ftp.ker-

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