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MYSQLD_SAFE(1)               MySQL Database System              MYSQLD_SAFE(1)

       mysqld_safe - MySQL server startup script

       mysqld_safe options

       mysqld_safe is the recommended way to start a mysqld server on Unix.  mysqld_safe adds some safety features
       such as restarting the server when an error occurs and logging runtime information to an error log file. A
       description of error logging is given later in this section.

       mysqld_safe tries to start an executable named mysqld. To override the default behavior and specify explicitly
       the name of the server you want to run, specify a --mysqld or --mysqld-version option to mysqld_safe. You can
       also use --ledir to indicate the directory where mysqld_safe should look for the server.

       Many of the options to mysqld_safe are the same as the options to mysqld. See Section 5.1.3, "Server Command

       Options unknown to mysqld_safe are passed to mysqld if they are specified on the command line, but ignored if
       they are specified in the [mysqld_safe] group of an option file. See Section 4.2.6, "Using Option Files".

       mysqld_safe reads all options from the [mysqld], [server], and [mysqld_safe] sections in option files. For
       example, if you specify a [mysqld] section like this, mysqld_safe will find and use the --log-error option:


       For backward compatibility, mysqld_safe also reads [safe_mysqld] sections, but to be current you should rename
       such sections to [mysqld_safe].

       mysqld_safe supports the following options. It also reads option files and supports the options for processing
       them described at Section 4.2.7, "Command-Line Options that Affect Option-File Handling".

       ?   --help

           Display a help message and exit.

       ?   --basedir=dir_name

           The path to the MySQL installation directory.

       ?   --core-file-size=size

           The size of the core file that mysqld should be able to create. The option value is passed to ulimit -c.

       ?   --datadir=dir_name

           The path to the data directory.

       ?   --defaults-extra-file=file_name

           The name of an option file to be read in addition to the usual option files. This must be the first option
           on the command line if it is used. If the file does not exist or is otherwise inaccessible, the server will
           exit with an error.

       ?   --defaults-file=file_name

           The name of an option file to be read instead of the usual option files. This must be the first option on
           the command line if it is used.

       ?   --ledir=dir_name

           If mysqld_safe cannot find the server, use this option to indicate the path name to the directory where the
           server is located.

       ?   --log-error=file_name

           Write the error log to the given file. See Section 5.4.2, "The Error Log".

       ?   --malloc-lib=[lib_name] The name of the library to use for memory allocation instead of the system malloc()
           library. Any library can be used by specifying its path name, but there is a shortcut form to enable use of
           the tcmalloc library that is shipped with binary MySQL distributions for Linux in MySQL 5.6. It is possible
           that the shortcut form will not work under certain configurations, in which case you should specify a path
           name instead.

               As of MySQL 5.6.31, MySQL distributions no longer include a tcmalloc library.
           The --malloc-lib option works by modifying the LD_PRELOAD environment value to affect dynamic linking to
           enable the loader to find the memory-allocation library when mysqld runs:

           ?   If the option is not given, or is given without a value (--malloc-lib=), LD_PRELOAD is not modified and
               no attempt is made to use tcmalloc.

           ?   If the option is given as --malloc-lib=tcmalloc, mysqld_safe looks for a tcmalloc library in /usr/lib
               and then in the MySQL pkglibdir location (for example, /usr/local/mysql/lib or whatever is
               appropriate). If tmalloc is found, its path name is added to the beginning of the LD_PRELOAD value for
               mysqld. If tcmalloc is not found, mysqld_safe aborts with an error.

           ?   If the option is given as --malloc-lib=/path/to/some/library, that full path is added to the beginning
               of the LD_PRELOAD value. If the full path points to a nonexistent or unreadable file, mysqld_safe
               aborts with an error.

           ?   For cases where mysqld_safe adds a path name to LD_PRELOAD, it adds the path to the beginning of any
               existing value the variable already has.

           Linux users can use the included in binary packages by adding these lines to the
           my.cnf file:


           Those lines also suffice for users on any platform who have installed a tcmalloc package in /usr/lib. To
           use a specific tcmalloc library, specify its full path name. Example:


       ?   --mysqld=prog_name

           The name of the server program (in the ledir directory) that you want to start. This option is needed if
           you use the MySQL binary distribution but have the data directory outside of the binary distribution. If
           mysqld_safe cannot find the server, use the --ledir option to indicate the path name to the directory where
           the server is located.

       ?   --mysqld-version=suffix

           This option is similar to the --mysqld option, but you specify only the suffix for the server program name.
           The base name is assumed to be mysqld. For example, if you use --mysqld-version=debug, mysqld_safe starts
           the mysqld-debug program in the ledir directory. If the argument to --mysqld-version is empty, mysqld_safe
           uses mysqld in the ledir directory.

       ?   --nice=priority

           Use the nice program to set the server's scheduling priority to the given value.

       ?   --no-defaults

           Do not read any option files. This must be the first option on the command line if it is used.

       ?   --open-files-limit=count

           The number of files that mysqld should be able to open. The option value is passed to ulimit -n.

               You must start mysqld_safe as root for this to function properly.

       ?   --pid-file=file_name

           The path name of the process ID file.

       ?   --plugin-dir=dir_name

           The path name of the plugin directory.

       ?   --port=port_num

           The port number that the server should use when listening for TCP/IP connections. The port number must be
           1024 or higher unless the server is started by the root system user.

       ?   --skip-kill-mysqld

           Do not try to kill stray mysqld processes at startup. This option works only on Linux.

       ?   --socket=path

           The Unix socket file that the server should use when listening for local connections.

       ?   --syslog, --skip-syslog

           --syslog causes error messages to be sent to syslog on systems that support the logger program.
           --skip-syslog suppresses the use of syslog; messages are written to an error log file.

           When syslog is used, the daemon.err syslog facility/severity is used for all log messages.

       ?   --syslog-tag=tag

           For logging to syslog, messages from mysqld_safe and mysqld are written with identifiers of mysqld_safe and
           mysqld, respectively. To specify a suffix for the identifiers, use --syslog-tag=tag, which modifies the
           identifiers to be mysqld_safe-tag and mysqld-tag.

       ?   --timezone=timezone

           Set the TZ time zone environment variable to the given option value. Consult your operating system
           documentation for legal time zone specification formats.

       ?   --user={user_name|user_id}

           Run the mysqld server as the user having the name user_name or the numeric user ID user_id. ("User" in this
           context refers to a system login account, not a MySQL user listed in the grant tables.)

       If you execute mysqld_safe with the --defaults-file or --defaults-extra-file option to name an option file, the
       option must be the first one given on the command line or the option file will not be used. For example, this
       command will not use the named option file:

           mysql> mysqld_safe --port=port_num --defaults-file=file_name

       Instead, use the following command:

           mysql> mysqld_safe --defaults-file=file_name --port=port_num

       The mysqld_safe script is written so that it normally can start a server that was installed from either a
       source or a binary distribution of MySQL, even though these types of distributions typically install the server
       in slightly different locations. (See Section 2.1.4, "Installation Layouts".)  mysqld_safe expects one of the
       following conditions to be true:

       ?   The server and databases can be found relative to the working directory (the directory from which
           mysqld_safe is invoked). For binary distributions, mysqld_safe looks under its working directory for bin
           and data directories. For source distributions, it looks for libexec and var directories. This condition
           should be met if you execute mysqld_safe from your MySQL installation directory (for example,
           /usr/local/mysql for a binary distribution).

       ?   If the server and databases cannot be found relative to the working directory, mysqld_safe attempts to
           locate them by absolute path names. Typical locations are /usr/local/libexec and /usr/local/var. The actual
           locations are determined from the values configured into the distribution at the time it was built. They
           should be correct if MySQL is installed in the location specified at configuration time.

       Because mysqld_safe tries to find the server and databases relative to its own working directory, you can
       install a binary distribution of MySQL anywhere, as long as you run mysqld_safe from the MySQL installation

           shell> cd mysql_installation_directory
           shell> bin/mysqld_safe &

       If mysqld_safe fails, even when invoked from the MySQL installation directory, specify the --ledir and
       --datadir options to indicate the directories in which the server and databases are located on your system.

       In MySQL 5.6.5 and later, mysqld_safe tries to use the sleep and date system utilities to determine how many
       times it has attempted to start this second, and--if these are present and this is greater than 5 times--is
       forced to wait 1 full second before starting again. This is intended to prevent excessive CPU usage in the
       event of repeated failures. (Bug #11761530, Bug #54035)

       When you use mysqld_safe to start mysqld, mysqld_safe arranges for error (and notice) messages from itself and
       from mysqld to go to the same destination.

       There are several mysqld_safe options for controlling the destination of these messages:

       ?   --log-error=file_name: Write error messages to the named error file.

       ?   --syslog: Write error messages to syslog on systems that support the logger program.

       ?   --skip-syslog: Do not write error messages to syslog. Messages are written to the default error log file
           (host_name.err in the data directory), or to a named file if the --log-error option is given.

       If none of these options is given, the default is --skip-syslog.

       If --log-error and --syslog are both given, a warning is issued and --log-error takes precedence.

       When mysqld_safe writes a message, notices go to the logging destination (syslog or the error log file) and
       stdout. Errors go to the logging destination and stderr.

       Copyright (C) 1997, 2016, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

       This documentation is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it only under the terms of the GNU
       General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.

       This documentation is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even
       the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License
       for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with the program; if not, write to the
       Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA or see

       For more information, please refer to the MySQL Reference Manual, which may already be installed locally and
       which is also available online at

       Oracle Corporation (

MySQL 5.6                         07/08/2016                    MYSQLD_SAFE(1)