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MYISAMCHK(1)                 MySQL Database System                MYISAMCHK(1)

       myisamchk - MyISAM table-maintenance utility

       myisamchk [options] tbl_name ...

       The myisamchk utility gets information about your database tables or checks, repairs, or optimizes them.
       myisamchk works with MyISAM tables (tables that have .MYD and .MYI files for storing data and indexes).

       You can also use the CHECK TABLE and REPAIR TABLE statements to check and repair MyISAM tables. See
       Section, "CHECK TABLE Syntax", and Section, "REPAIR TABLE Syntax".

       The use of myisamchk with partitioned tables is not supported.

           It is best to make a backup of a table before performing a table repair operation; under some circumstances
           the operation might cause data loss. Possible causes include but are not limited to file system errors.

       Invoke myisamchk like this:

           shell> myisamchk [options] tbl_name ...

       The options specify what you want myisamchk to do. They are described in the following sections. You can also
       get a list of options by invoking myisamchk --help.

       With no options, myisamchk simply checks your table as the default operation. To get more information or to
       tell myisamchk to take corrective action, specify options as described in the following discussion.

       tbl_name is the database table you want to check or repair. If you run myisamchk somewhere other than in the
       database directory, you must specify the path to the database directory, because myisamchk has no idea where
       the database is located. In fact, myisamchk does not actually care whether the files you are working on are
       located in a database directory. You can copy the files that correspond to a database table into some other
       location and perform recovery operations on them there.

       You can name several tables on the myisamchk command line if you wish. You can also specify a table by naming
       its index file (the file with the .MYI suffix). This enables you to specify all tables in a directory by using
       the pattern *.MYI. For example, if you are in a database directory, you can check all the MyISAM tables in that
       directory like this:

           shell> myisamchk *.MYI

       If you are not in the database directory, you can check all the tables there by specifying the path to the

           shell> myisamchk /path/to/database_dir/*.MYI

       You can even check all tables in all databases by specifying a wildcard with the path to the MySQL data

           shell> myisamchk /path/to/datadir/*/*.MYI

       The recommended way to quickly check all MyISAM tables is:

           shell> myisamchk --silent --fast /path/to/datadir/*/*.MYI

       If you want to check all MyISAM tables and repair any that are corrupted, you can use the following command:

           shell> myisamchk --silent --force --fast --update-state \
                     --key_buffer_size=64M --myisam_sort_buffer_size=64M \
                     --read_buffer_size=1M --write_buffer_size=1M \

       This command assumes that you have more than 64MB free. For more information about memory allocation with
       myisamchk, see the section called "MYISAMCHK MEMORY USAGE".

       For additional information about using myisamchk, see Section 7.6, "MyISAM Table Maintenance and Crash

           You must ensure that no other program is using the tables while you are running myisamchk. The most
           effective means of doing so is to shut down the MySQL server while running myisamchk, or to lock all tables
           that myisamchk is being used on.

           Otherwise, when you run myisamchk, it may display the following error message:

               warning: clients are using or haven't closed the table properly

           This means that you are trying to check a table that has been updated by another program (such as the
           mysqld server) that hasn't yet closed the file or that has died without closing the file properly, which
           can sometimes lead to the corruption of one or more MyISAM tables.

           If mysqld is running, you must force it to flush any table modifications that are still buffered in memory
           by using FLUSH TABLES. You should then ensure that no one is using the tables while you are running

           However, the easiest way to avoid this problem is to use CHECK TABLE instead of myisamchk to check tables.
           See Section, "CHECK TABLE Syntax".

       myisamchk supports the following options, which can be specified on the command line or in the [myisamchk]
       group of an option file. For information about option files used by MySQL programs, see Section 4.2.6, "Using
       Option Files".

       The options described in this section can be used for any type of table maintenance operation performed by
       myisamchk. The sections following this one describe options that pertain only to specific operations, such as
       table checking or repairing.

       ?   --help, -?

           Display a help message and exit. Options are grouped by type of operation.

       ?   --HELP, -H

           Display a help message and exit. Options are presented in a single list.

       ?   --debug=debug_options, -# debug_options

           Write a debugging log. A typical debug_options string is d:t:o,file_name. The default is

       ?   --defaults-extra-file=file_name

           Read this option file after the global option file but (on Unix) before the user option file. If the file
           does not exist or is otherwise inaccessible, an error occurs.  file_name is interpreted relative to the
           current directory if given as a relative path name rather than a full path name.

       ?   --defaults-file=file_name

           Use only the given option file. If the file does not exist or is otherwise inaccessible, an error occurs.
           file_name is interpreted relative to the current directory if given as a relative path name rather than a
           full path name.

       ?   --defaults-group-suffix=str

           Read not only the usual option groups, but also groups with the usual names and a suffix of str. For
           example, myisamchk normally reads the [myisamchk] group. If the --defaults-group-suffix=_other option is
           given, myisamchk also reads the [myisamchk_other] group.

       ?   --no-defaults

           Do not read any option files. If program startup fails due to reading unknown options from an option file,
           --no-defaults can be used to prevent them from being read.

           The exception is that the .mylogin.cnf file, if it exists, is read in all cases. This permits passwords to
           be specified in a safer way than on the command line even when --no-defaults is used. (.mylogin.cnf is
           created by the mysql_config_editor utility. See mysql_config_editor(1).)

       ?   --print-defaults

           Print the program name and all options that it gets from option files.

       ?   --silent, -s

           Silent mode. Write output only when errors occur. You can use -s twice (-ss) to make myisamchk very silent.

       ?   --verbose, -v

           Verbose mode. Print more information about what the program does. This can be used with -d and -e. Use -v
           multiple times (-vv, -vvv) for even more output.

       ?   --version, -V

           Display version information and exit.

       ?   --wait, -w

           Instead of terminating with an error if the table is locked, wait until the table is unlocked before
           continuing. If you are running mysqld with external locking disabled, the table can be locked only by
           another myisamchk command.

       You can also set the following variables by using --var_name=value syntax:

       |Variable               | Default Value     |
       |decode_bits            | 9                 |
       |ft_max_word_len        | version-dependent |
       |ft_min_word_len        | 4                 |
       |ft_stopword_file       | built-in list     |
       |key_buffer_size        | 523264            |
       |myisam_block_size      | 1024              |
       |myisam_sort_key_blocks | 16                |
       |read_buffer_size       | 262136            |
       |sort_buffer_size       | 2097144           |
       |sort_key_blocks        | 16                |
       |stats_method           | nulls_unequal     |
       |write_buffer_size      | 262136            |

       The possible myisamchk variables and their default values can be examined with myisamchk --help:

       sort_buffer_size is used when the keys are repaired by sorting keys, which is the normal case when you use
       --recover. As of MySQL 5.6.9, myisam_sort_buffer_size is available as an alternative name to sort_buffer_size.
       myisam_sort_buffer_size is preferable to sort_buffer_size because its name corresponds to the
       myisam_sort_buffer_size server system variable that has a similar meaning.  sort_buffer_size should be
       considered deprecated.

       key_buffer_size is used when you are checking the table with --extend-check or when the keys are repaired by
       inserting keys row by row into the table (like when doing normal inserts). Repairing through the key buffer is
       used in the following cases:

       ?   You use --safe-recover.

       ?   The temporary files needed to sort the keys would be more than twice as big as when creating the key file
           directly. This is often the case when you have large key values for CHAR, VARCHAR, or TEXT columns, because
           the sort operation needs to store the complete key values as it proceeds. If you have lots of temporary
           space and you can force myisamchk to repair by sorting, you can use the --sort-recover option.

       Repairing through the key buffer takes much less disk space than using sorting, but is also much slower.

       If you want a faster repair, set the key_buffer_size and myisam_sort_buffer_size variables to about 25% of your
       available memory. You can set both variables to large values, because only one of them is used at a time.

       myisam_block_size is the size used for index blocks.

       stats_method influences how NULL values are treated for index statistics collection when the --analyze option
       is given. It acts like the myisam_stats_method system variable. For more information, see the description of
       myisam_stats_method in Section 5.1.4, "Server System Variables", and Section 8.3.7, "InnoDB and MyISAM Index
       Statistics Collection".

       ft_min_word_len and ft_max_word_len indicate the minimum and maximum word length for FULLTEXT indexes on MyISAM
       tables.  ft_stopword_file names the stopword file. These need to be set under the following circumstances.

       If you use myisamchk to perform an operation that modifies table indexes (such as repair or analyze), the
       FULLTEXT indexes are rebuilt using the default full-text parameter values for minimum and maximum word length
       and the stopword file unless you specify otherwise. This can result in queries failing.

       The problem occurs because these parameters are known only by the server. They are not stored in MyISAM index
       files. To avoid the problem if you have modified the minimum or maximum word length or the stopword file in the
       server, specify the same ft_min_word_len, ft_max_word_len, and ft_stopword_file values to myisamchk that you
       use for mysqld. For example, if you have set the minimum word length to 3, you can repair a table with
       myisamchk like this:

           shell> myisamchk --recover --ft_min_word_len=3 tbl_name.MYI

       To ensure that myisamchk and the server use the same values for full-text parameters, you can place each one in
       both the [mysqld] and [myisamchk] sections of an option file:


       An alternative to using myisamchk is to use the REPAIR TABLE, ANALYZE TABLE, OPTIMIZE TABLE, or ALTER TABLE.
       These statements are performed by the server, which knows the proper full-text parameter values to use.

       myisamchk supports the following options for table checking operations:

       ?   --check, -c

           Check the table for errors. This is the default operation if you specify no option that selects an
           operation type explicitly.

       ?   --check-only-changed, -C

           Check only tables that have changed since the last check.

       ?   --extend-check, -e

           Check the table very thoroughly. This is quite slow if the table has many indexes. This option should only
           be used in extreme cases. Normally, myisamchk or myisamchk --medium-check should be able to determine
           whether there are any errors in the table.

           If you are using --extend-check and have plenty of memory, setting the key_buffer_size variable to a large
           value helps the repair operation run faster.

           See also the description of this option under table repair options.

           For a description of the output format, see the section called "OBTAINING TABLE INFORMATION WITH

       ?   --fast, -F

           Check only tables that haven't been closed properly.

       ?   --force, -f

           Do a repair operation automatically if myisamchk finds any errors in the table. The repair type is the same
           as that specified with the --recover or -r option.

       ?   --information, -i

           Print informational statistics about the table that is checked.

       ?   --medium-check, -m

           Do a check that is faster than an --extend-check operation. This finds only 99.99% of all errors, which
           should be good enough in most cases.

       ?   --read-only, -T

           Do not mark the table as checked. This is useful if you use myisamchk to check a table that is in use by
           some other application that does not use locking, such as mysqld when run with external locking disabled.

       ?   --update-state, -U

           Store information in the .MYI file to indicate when the table was checked and whether the table crashed.
           This should be used to get full benefit of the --check-only-changed option, but you shouldn't use this
           option if the mysqld server is using the table and you are running it with external locking disabled.

       myisamchk supports the following options for table repair operations (operations performed when an option such
       as --recover or --safe-recover is given):

       ?   --backup, -B

           Make a backup of the .MYD file as file_name-time.BAK

       ?   --character-sets-dir=dir_name

           The directory where character sets are installed. See Section 10.5, "Character Set Configuration".

       ?   --correct-checksum

           Correct the checksum information for the table.

       ?   --data-file-length=len, -D len

           The maximum length of the data file (when re-creating data file when it is "full").

       ?   --extend-check, -e

           Do a repair that tries to recover every possible row from the data file. Normally, this also finds a lot of
           garbage rows. Do not use this option unless you are desperate.

           See also the description of this option under table checking options.

           For a description of the output format, see the section called "OBTAINING TABLE INFORMATION WITH

       ?   --force, -f

           Overwrite old intermediate files (files with names like tbl_name.TMD) instead of aborting.

       ?   --keys-used=val, -k val

           For myisamchk, the option value is a bit-value that indicates which indexes to update. Each binary bit of
           the option value corresponds to a table index, where the first index is bit 0. An option value of 0
           disables updates to all indexes, which can be used to get faster inserts. Deactivated indexes can be
           reactivated by using myisamchk -r.

       ?   --no-symlinks, -l

           Do not follow symbolic links. Normally myisamchk repairs the table that a symlink points to. This option
           does not exist as of MySQL 4.0 because versions from 4.0 on do not remove symlinks during repair

       ?   --max-record-length=len

           Skip rows larger than the given length if myisamchk cannot allocate memory to hold them.

       ?   --parallel-recover, -p

           Use the same technique as -r and -n, but create all the keys in parallel, using different threads.  This is
           beta-quality code. Use at your own risk!

       ?   --quick, -q

           Achieve a faster repair by modifying only the index file, not the data file. You can specify this option
           twice to force myisamchk to modify the original data file in case of duplicate keys.

       ?   --recover, -r

           Do a repair that can fix almost any problem except unique keys that are not unique (which is an extremely
           unlikely error with MyISAM tables). If you want to recover a table, this is the option to try first. You
           should try --safe-recover only if myisamchk reports that the table cannot be recovered using --recover. (In
           the unlikely case that --recover fails, the data file remains intact.)

           If you have lots of memory, you should increase the value of myisam_sort_buffer_size.

       ?   --safe-recover, -o

           Do a repair using an old recovery method that reads through all rows in order and updates all index trees
           based on the rows found. This is an order of magnitude slower than --recover, but can handle a couple of
           very unlikely cases that --recover cannot. This recovery method also uses much less disk space than
           --recover. Normally, you should repair first using --recover, and then with --safe-recover only if
           --recover fails.

           If you have lots of memory, you should increase the value of key_buffer_size.

       ?   --set-collation=name

           Specify the collation to use for sorting table indexes. The character set name is implied by the first part
           of the collation name.

       ?   --sort-recover, -n

           Force myisamchk to use sorting to resolve the keys even if the temporary files would be very large.

       ?   --tmpdir=dir_name, -t dir_name

           The path of the directory to be used for storing temporary files. If this is not set, myisamchk uses the
           value of the TMPDIR environment variable.  --tmpdir can be set to a list of directory paths that are used
           successively in round-robin fashion for creating temporary files. The separator character between directory
           names is the colon (":") on Unix and the semicolon (";") on Windows.

       ?   --unpack, -u

           Unpack a table that was packed with myisampack.

       myisamchk supports the following options for actions other than table checks and repairs:

       ?   --analyze, -a

           Analyze the distribution of key values. This improves join performance by enabling the join optimizer to
           better choose the order in which to join the tables and which indexes it should use. To obtain information
           about the key distribution, use a myisamchk --description --verbose tbl_name command or the SHOW INDEX FROM
           tbl_name statement.

       ?   --block-search=offset, -b offset

           Find the record that a block at the given offset belongs to.

       ?   --description, -d

           Print some descriptive information about the table. Specifying the --verbose option once or twice produces
           additional information. See the section called "OBTAINING TABLE INFORMATION WITH MYISAMCHK".

       ?   --set-auto-increment[=value], -A[value]

           Force AUTO_INCREMENT numbering for new records to start at the given value (or higher, if there are
           existing records with AUTO_INCREMENT values this large). If value is not specified, AUTO_INCREMENT numbers
           for new records begin with the largest value currently in the table, plus one.

       ?   --sort-index, -S

           Sort the index tree blocks in high-low order. This optimizes seeks and makes table scans that use indexes

       ?   --sort-records=N, -R N

           Sort records according to a particular index. This makes your data much more localized and may speed up
           range-based SELECT and ORDER BY operations that use this index. (The first time you use this option to sort
           a table, it may be very slow.) To determine a table's index numbers, use SHOW INDEX, which displays a
           table's indexes in the same order that myisamchk sees them. Indexes are numbered beginning with 1.

           If keys are not packed (PACK_KEYS=0), they have the same length, so when myisamchk sorts and moves records,
           it just overwrites record offsets in the index. If keys are packed (PACK_KEYS=1), myisamchk must unpack key
           blocks first, then re-create indexes and pack the key blocks again. (In this case, re-creating indexes is
           faster than updating offsets for each index.)

       To obtain a description of a MyISAM table or statistics about it, use the commands shown here. The output from
       these commands is explained later in this section.

       ?   myisamchk -d tbl_name

           Runs myisamchk in "describe mode" to produce a description of your table. If you start the MySQL server
           with external locking disabled, myisamchk may report an error for a table that is updated while it runs.
           However, because myisamchk does not change the table in describe mode, there is no risk of destroying data.

       ?   myisamchk -dv tbl_name

           Adding -v runs myisamchk in verbose mode so that it produces more information about the table. Adding -v a
           second time produces even more information.

       ?   myisamchk -eis tbl_name

           Shows only the most important information from a table. This operation is slow because it must read the
           entire table.

       ?   myisamchk -eiv tbl_name

           This is like -eis, but tells you what is being done.

       The tbl_name argument can be either the name of a MyISAM table or the name of its index file, as described in
       myisamchk(1). Multiple tbl_name arguments can be given.

       Suppose that a table named person has the following structure. (The MAX_ROWS table option is included so that
       in the example output from myisamchk shown later, some values are smaller and fit the output format more

           CREATE TABLE person
             id         INT NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
             last_name  VARCHAR(20) NOT NULL,
             first_name VARCHAR(20) NOT NULL,
             birth      DATE,
             death      DATE,
             PRIMARY KEY (id),
             INDEX (last_name, first_name),
             INDEX (birth)
           ) MAX_ROWS = 1000000;

       Suppose also that the table has these data and index file sizes:

           -rw-rw----  1 mysql  mysql  9347072 Aug 19 11:47 person.MYD
           -rw-rw----  1 mysql  mysql  6066176 Aug 19 11:47 person.MYI

       Example of myisamchk -dvv output:

           MyISAM file:         person
           Record format:       Packed
           Character set:       latin1_swedish_ci (8)
           File-version:        1
           Creation time:       2009-08-19 16:47:41
           Recover time:        2009-08-19 16:47:56
           Status:              checked,analyzed,optimized keys
           Auto increment key:              1  Last value:                306688
           Data records:               306688  Deleted blocks:                 0
           Datafile parts:             306688  Deleted data:                   0
           Datafile pointer (bytes):        4  Keyfile pointer (bytes):        3
           Datafile length:           9347072  Keyfile length:           6066176
           Max datafile length:    4294967294  Max keyfile length:   17179868159
           Recordlength:                   54
           table description:
           Key Start Len Index   Type                 Rec/key         Root  Blocksize
           1   2     4   unique  long                       1        99328       1024
           2   6     20  multip. varchar prefix           512      3563520       1024
               27    20          varchar                  512
           3   48    3   multip. uint24 NULL           306688      6065152       1024
           Field Start Length Nullpos Nullbit Type
           1     1     1
           2     2     4                      no zeros
           3     6     21                     varchar
           4     27    21                     varchar
           5     48    3      1       1       no zeros
           6     51    3      1       2       no zeros

       Explanations for the types of information myisamchk produces are given here.  "Keyfile" refers to the index
       file.  "Record" and "row" are synonymous, as are "field" and "column."

       The initial part of the table description contains these values:

       ?   MyISAM file

           Name of the MyISAM (index) file.

       ?   Record format

           The format used to store table rows. The preceding examples use Fixed length. Other possible values are
           Compressed and Packed. (Packed corresponds to what SHOW TABLE STATUS reports as Dynamic.)

       ?   Chararacter set

           The table default character set.

       ?   File-version

           Version of MyISAM format. Always 1.

       ?   Creation time

           When the data file was created.

       ?   Recover time

           When the index/data file was last reconstructed.

       ?   Status

           Table status flags. Possible values are crashed, open, changed, analyzed, optimized keys, and sorted index

       ?   Auto increment key, Last value

           The key number associated the table's AUTO_INCREMENT column, and the most recently generated value for this
           column. These fields do not appear if there is no such column.

       ?   Data records

           The number of rows in the table.

       ?   Deleted blocks

           How many deleted blocks still have reserved space. You can optimize your table to minimize this space. See
           Section 7.6.4, "MyISAM Table Optimization".

       ?   Datafile parts

           For dynamic-row format, this indicates how many data blocks there are. For an optimized table without
           fragmented rows, this is the same as Data records.

       ?   Deleted data

           How many bytes of unreclaimed deleted data there are. You can optimize your table to minimize this space.
           See Section 7.6.4, "MyISAM Table Optimization".

       ?   Datafile pointer

           The size of the data file pointer, in bytes. It is usually 2, 3, 4, or 5 bytes. Most tables manage with 2
           bytes, but this cannot be controlled from MySQL yet. For fixed tables, this is a row address. For dynamic
           tables, this is a byte address.

       ?   Keyfile pointer

           The size of the index file pointer, in bytes. It is usually 1, 2, or 3 bytes. Most tables manage with 2
           bytes, but this is calculated automatically by MySQL. It is always a block address.

       ?   Max datafile length

           How long the table data file can become, in bytes.

       ?   Max keyfile length

           How long the table index file can become, in bytes.

       ?   Recordlength

           How much space each row takes, in bytes.

       The table description part of the output includes a list of all keys in the table. For each key, myisamchk
       displays some low-level information:

       ?   Key

           This key's number. This value is shown only for the first column of the key. If this value is missing, the
           line corresponds to the second or later column of a multiple-column key. For the table shown in the
           example, there are two table description lines for the second index. This indicates that it is a
           multiple-part index with two parts.

       ?   Start

           Where in the row this portion of the index starts.

       ?   Len

           How long this portion of the index is. For packed numbers, this should always be the full length of the
           column. For strings, it may be shorter than the full length of the indexed column, because you can index a
           prefix of a string column. The total length of a multiple-part key is the sum of the Len values for all key

       ?   Index

           Whether a key value can exist multiple times in the index. Possible values are unique or multip.

       ?   Type

           What data type this portion of the index has. This is a MyISAM data type with the possible values packed,
           stripped, or empty.

       ?   Root

           Address of the root index block.

       ?   Blocksize

           The size of each index block. By default this is 1024, but the value may be changed at compile time when
           MySQL is built from source.

       ?   Rec/key

           This is a statistical value used by the optimizer. It tells how many rows there are per value for this
           index. A unique index always has a value of 1. This may be updated after a table is loaded (or greatly
           changed) with myisamchk -a. If this is not updated at all, a default value of 30 is given.

       The last part of the output provides information about each column:

       ?   Field

           The column number.

       ?   Start

           The byte position of the column within table rows.

       ?   Length

           The length of the column in bytes.

       ?   Nullpos, Nullbit

           For columns that can be NULL, MyISAM stores NULL values as a flag in a byte. Depending on how many nullable
           columns there are, there can be one or more bytes used for this purpose. The Nullpos and Nullbit values, if
           nonempty, indicate which byte and bit contains that flag indicating whether the column is NULL.

           The position and number of bytes used to store NULL flags is shown in the line for field 1. This is why
           there are six Field lines for the person table even though it has only five columns.

       ?   Type

           The data type. The value may contain any of the following descriptors:

           ?   constant

               All rows have the same value.

           ?   no endspace

               Do not store endspace.

           ?   no endspace, not_always

               Do not store endspace and do not do endspace compression for all values.

           ?   no endspace, no empty

               Do not store endspace. Do not store empty values.

           ?   table-lookup

               The column was converted to an ENUM.

           ?   zerofill(N)

               The most significant N bytes in the value are always 0 and are not stored.

           ?   no zeros

               Do not store zeros.

           ?   always zero

               Zero values are stored using one bit.

       ?   Huff tree

           The number of the Huffman tree associated with the column.

       ?   Bits

           The number of bits used in the Huffman tree.

       The Huff tree and Bits fields are displayed if the table has been compressed with myisampack. See
       myisampack(1), for an example of this information.

       Example of myisamchk -eiv output:

           Checking MyISAM file: person
           Data records:  306688   Deleted blocks:       0
           - check file-size
           - check record delete-chain
           No recordlinks
           - check key delete-chain
           block_size 1024:
           - check index reference
           - check data record references index: 1
           Key:  1:  Keyblocks used:  98%  Packed:    0%  Max levels:  3
           - check data record references index: 2
           Key:  2:  Keyblocks used:  99%  Packed:   97%  Max levels:  3
           - check data record references index: 3
           Key:  3:  Keyblocks used:  98%  Packed:  -14%  Max levels:  3
           Total:    Keyblocks used:  98%  Packed:   89%
           - check records and index references
           *** LOTS OF ROW NUMBERS DELETED ***
           Records:            306688  M.recordlength:       25  Packed:            83%
           Recordspace used:       97% Empty space:           2% Blocks/Record:   1.00
           Record blocks:      306688  Delete blocks:         0
           Record data:       7934464  Deleted data:          0
           Lost space:         256512  Linkdata:        1156096
           User time 43.08, System time 1.68
           Maximum resident set size 0, Integral resident set size 0
           Non-physical pagefaults 0, Physical pagefaults 0, Swaps 0
           Blocks in 0 out 7, Messages in 0 out 0, Signals 0
           Voluntary context switches 0, Involuntary context switches 0
           Maximum memory usage: 1046926 bytes (1023k)

       myisamchk -eiv output includes the following information:

       ?   Data records

           The number of rows in the table.

       ?   Deleted blocks

           How many deleted blocks still have reserved space. You can optimize your table to minimize this space. See
           Section 7.6.4, "MyISAM Table Optimization".

       ?   Key

           The key number.

       ?   Keyblocks used

           What percentage of the keyblocks are used. When a table has just been reorganized with myisamchk, the
           values are very high (very near theoretical maximum).

       ?   Packed

           MySQL tries to pack key values that have a common suffix. This can only be used for indexes on CHAR and
           VARCHAR columns. For long indexed strings that have similar leftmost parts, this can significantly reduce
           the space used. In the preceding example, the second key is 40 bytes long and a 97% reduction in space is

       ?   Max levels

           How deep the B-tree for this key is. Large tables with long key values get high values.

       ?   Records

           How many rows are in the table.

       ?   M.recordlength

           The average row length. This is the exact row length for tables with fixed-length rows, because all rows
           have the same length.

       ?   Packed

           MySQL strips spaces from the end of strings. The Packed value indicates the percentage of savings achieved
           by doing this.

       ?   Recordspace used

           What percentage of the data file is used.

       ?   Empty space

           What percentage of the data file is unused.

       ?   Blocks/Record

           Average number of blocks per row (that is, how many links a fragmented row is composed of). This is always
           1.0 for fixed-format tables. This value should stay as close to 1.0 as possible. If it gets too large, you
           can reorganize the table. See Section 7.6.4, "MyISAM Table Optimization".

       ?   Recordblocks

           How many blocks (links) are used. For fixed-format tables, this is the same as the number of rows.

       ?   Deleteblocks

           How many blocks (links) are deleted.

       ?   Recorddata

           How many bytes in the data file are used.

       ?   Deleted data

           How many bytes in the data file are deleted (unused).

       ?   Lost space

           If a row is updated to a shorter length, some space is lost. This is the sum of all such losses, in bytes.

       ?   Linkdata

           When the dynamic table format is used, row fragments are linked with pointers (4 to 7 bytes each).
           Linkdata is the sum of the amount of storage used by all such pointers.

       Memory allocation is important when you run myisamchk.  myisamchk uses no more memory than its memory-related
       variables are set to. If you are going to use myisamchk on very large tables, you should first decide how much
       memory you want it to use. The default is to use only about 3MB to perform repairs. By using larger values, you
       can get myisamchk to operate faster. For example, if you have more than 512MB RAM available, you could use
       options such as these (in addition to any other options you might specify):

           shell> myisamchk --myisam_sort_buffer_size=256M \
                      --key_buffer_size=512M \
                      --read_buffer_size=64M \
                      --write_buffer_size=64M ...

       Using --myisam_sort_buffer_size=16M is probably enough for most cases.

       Be aware that myisamchk uses temporary files in TMPDIR. If TMPDIR points to a memory file system, out of memory
       errors can easily occur. If this happens, run myisamchk with the --tmpdir=dir_name option to specify a
       directory located on a file system that has more space.

       When performing repair operations, myisamchk also needs a lot of disk space:

       ?   Twice the size of the data file (the original file and a copy). This space is not needed if you do a repair
           with --quick; in this case, only the index file is re-created.  This space must be available on the same
           file system as the original data file, as the copy is created in the same directory as the original.

       ?   Space for the new index file that replaces the old one. The old index file is truncated at the start of the
           repair operation, so you usually ignore this space. This space must be available on the same file system as
           the original data file.

       ?   When using --recover or --sort-recover (but not when using --safe-recover), you need space on disk for
           sorting. This space is allocated in the temporary directory (specified by TMPDIR or --tmpdir=dir_name). The
           following formula yields the amount of space required:

               (largest_key + row_pointer_length) * number_of_rows * 2

           You can check the length of the keys and the row_pointer_length with myisamchk -dv tbl_name (see the
           section called "OBTAINING TABLE INFORMATION WITH MYISAMCHK"). The row_pointer_length and number_of_rows
           values are the Datafile pointer and Data records values in the table description. To determine the
           largest_key value, check the Key lines in the table description. The Len column indicates the number of
           bytes for each key part. For a multiple-column index, the key size is the sum of the Len values for all key

       If you have a problem with disk space during repair, you can try --safe-recover instead of --recover.

       Copyright (C) 1997, 2016, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

       This documentation is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it only under the terms of the GNU
       General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.

       This documentation is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even
       the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License
       for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with the program; if not, write to the
       Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA or see

       For more information, please refer to the MySQL Reference Manual, which may already be installed locally and
       which is also available online at

       Oracle Corporation (

MySQL 5.6                         07/08/2016                      MYISAMCHK(1)