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MUNPACK(1)                                                          MUNPACK(1)

       munpack - unpack messages in MIME or split-uuencode format

       munpack [ -f ] [ -q ] [ -t ] [ -C directory ] [ filename ...  ]

       The  munpack  program reads each RFC-822 message filename and writes all non-text MIME parts or split-uuencoded
       files as files.  If no filename argument is given, munpack reads from standard input.

       If the message suggests a file name to use for the imbedded part, that name is  cleaned  of  potential  problem
       characters  and used for the output file.  If the suggested filename includes subdirectories, they will be cre-
       ated as necessary.  If the message does not suggest a file name, the names "part1", "part2", etc  are  used  in

       If  the  imbedded  part was preceded with textual information, that information is also written to a file.  The
       file is named the same as the imbedded part, with any filename extension replaced with ".desc".

       -f     Force overwriting of existing files.  If a message suggests a file name of an existing  file,  the  file
              will be overwritten.  Without this flag, munpack appends ".1", ".2", etc to find a nonexistent file.

       -q     Be  quiet.   Supresses  messages  about  saving  partial messages and about messages with no interesting

       -t     Also write the text MIME parts of multipart messages as files.  By default, text parts that do not  have
              a filename parameter do not get unpacked.  This option effectively disables the ".desc" file feature for
              MIME messages.

       -C directory
              Change the current directory to directory before reading  any  files.   This  is  useful  when  invoking
              munpack from a mail or news reader.

       To  decode  a  MIME  message,  first  save  it to a text file.  If possible, save it with all headers included.
       Munpack can decode some MIME files when the headers are missing or incomplete, other  files  it  cannot  decode
       without  having  the  information in the headers.  In general, messages which have a statement at the beginning
       that they are in MIME format can be decoded without the headers.  Messages which have been split into  multiple
       parts generally require all headers in order to be reassembled and decoded.

       Some  LAN-based mail systems and some mail providers (including America Online, as of the writing of this docu-
       ment) place the mail headers at the bottom of the message, instead of at the top of the message.   If  you  are
       having  problems  decoding a MIME message on such a system, you need to convert the mail back into the standard
       format by removing the system's nonstandard headers and moving the standard Internet headers at the top of  the
       message (separated from the message body with a blank line).

       There  must  be  exactly one message per file.  Munpack cannot deal with multiple messages in a single file, to
       decode things correctly it must know when one message ends and the next one begins.

       To decode a message, run the command:

              munpack file

       where "file" is the name of the file containing the message.  More than one filename may be specified,  munpack
       will  try  to  decode  the  message in each file.  For more information on ways to run munpack, see the section
       "OPTIONS" above.

       TMPDIR Directory to store temporary files.  Default is /usr/tmp.

              Directory used to store partial messages awaiting reassembly.