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ltrace(1)                                                            ltrace(1)

       ltrace - A library call tracer

       ltrace  [-CdfhiLrStttV] [-a column] [-e expr] [-l filename] [-n nr] [-o filename] [-p pid] ... [-s strsize] [-u
       username]  [-X  extern]  [-x  extern]  ...  [--align=column]  [--debug]  [--demangle]  [--help]   [--indent=nr]
       [--library=filename] [--output=filename] [--version] [command [arg ...]]

       ltrace  is  a  program  that  simply  runs the specified command until it exits.  It intercepts and records the
       dynamic library calls which are called by the executed process and the signals which are received by that  pro-
       cess.  It can also intercept and print the system calls executed by the program.

       Its use is very similar to strace(1).

       -a, --align column
              Align return values in a specific column (default column is 5/8 of screen width).

       -c     Count time and calls for each library call and report a summary on program exit.

       -C, --demangle
              Decode (demangle) low-level symbol names into user-level names.  Besides removing any initial underscore
              prepended by the system, this makes C++ function names readable.

       -d, --debug
              Increase the debugging level.  Use more (ie.  -dd ) for greater debugging information.

       --dl   When a dlopened library is mapped in the process address space, put breakpoints to all  symbols  in  the
              dynamic symbol table of that library.

       -e expr
              A qualifying expression which modifies which events to trace.  The format of the expression is:
              where  the values are the functions to trace.  Using an exclamation mark negates the set of values.  For
              example -e printf means to trace only the printf library call.  By contrast, -e !printf means  to  trace
              every library call except printf.

              Note that some shells use the exclamation point for history expansion; even inside quoted arguments.  If
              so, you must escape the exclamation point with a backslash.

       -f     Trace child processes as they are created by currently  traced processes as a result of the  fork(2)  or
              clone(2) system calls.  The new process is attached as soon as its pid is known.

       -h, --help
              Show a summary of the options to ltrace and exit.

       -i     Print the instruction pointer at the time of the library call.

       -l, --library filename
              Display only the symbols included in the library filename.  Up to 20 library names can be specified with
              several instances of this option.

       -L     DON'T display library calls (use it with the -S option).

       -n, --indent nr
              Indent trace output by nr number of spaces for each new nested call. Using this option makes the program
              flow visualization easy to follow.

       -o, --output filename
              Write the trace output to the file filename rather than to stderr.

       -p pid Attach to the process with the process ID pid and begin tracing.

       -r     Print  a  relative  timestamp with each line of the trace.  This records the time difference between the
              beginning of successive lines.

       -s strsize
              Specify the maximum string size to print (the default is 32).

       -S     Display system calls as well as library calls

       -t     Prefix each line of the trace with the time of day.

       -tt    If given twice, the time printed will include the microseconds.

       -ttt   If given thrice, the time printed will include the microseconds and the leading portion will be  printed
              as the number of seconds since the epoch.

       -T     Show   the  time  spent inside each call. This records the time difference between the beginning and the
              end of each call.

       -u username
              Run command with the userid, groupid and supplementary groups of username.  This option is  only  useful
              when running as root and enables the correct execution of setuid and/or setgid binaries.

       -X extern
              Some  architectures need to know where to set a breakpoint that will be hit after the dynamic linker has
              run.  If this flag is used, then the breakpoint is set at extern, which must be  an  external  function.
              By default, '_start' is used.  NOTE: this flag is only available on the architectures that need it.

       -x extern
              Trace the external function extern.  This option may be repeated.

       -V, --version
              Show the version number of ltrace and exit.

       It has most of the bugs stated in strace(1).

       Manual page and documentation are not very up-to-date.

       Option -f sometimes fails to trace some children.

       It only works on Linux and in a small subset of architectures.

       If  you like to report a bug, send a notice to the author, or use the reportbug(1) program if you are under the
       Debian GNU/Linux distribution.

              System configuration file

              Personal config file, overrides /etc/ltrace.conf

       Juan Cespedes <>

       strace(1), ptrace(2)