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LOG(3) Linux Programmer's Manual LOG(3)NAMElog, logf, logl - natural logarithmic functionSYNOPSIS#include<math.h>doublelog(doublex);floatlogf(floatx);longdoublelogl(longdoublex);Link with-lm. Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):logf(),logl(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE; orcc-std=c99DESCRIPTIONThelog() function returns the natural logarithm ofx.RETURNVALUEOn success, these functions return the natural logarithm ofx. Ifxis a NaN, a NaN is returned. Ifxis 1, the result is +0. Ifxis positive infinity, positive infinity is returned. Ifxis zero, then a pole error occurs, and the functions return -HUGE_VAL, -HUGE_VALF, or -HUGE_VALL, respec- tively. Ifxis negative (including negative infinity), then a domain error occurs, and a NaN (not a number) is returned.ERRORSSee math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these func- tions. The following errors can occur: Domain error:xis negativeerrnois set toEDOM. An invalid floating-point exception (FE_INVALID) is raised. Pole error:xis zeroerrnois set toERANGE. A divide-by-zero floating-point exception (FE_DIVBYZERO) is raised.CONFORMINGTOC99, POSIX.1-2001. The variant returningdoublealso conforms to SVr4, 4.3BSD, C89.BUGSIn glibc 2.5 and earlier, taking thelog() of a NaN produces a bogus invalid floating-point (FE_INVALID) excep- tion.SEEALSOcbrt(3), clog(3), log1p(3), sqrt(3)COLOPHONThis page is part of release 3.22 of the Linuxman-pagesproject. A description of the project, and informa- tion about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/. 2008-08-10 LOG(3)