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LOCALE(5)                      Linux User Manual                     LOCALE(5)



NAME
       locale - Describes a locale definition file

DESCRIPTION
       The locale definition files contains all the information that the localedef(1) command needs to convert it into
       the binary locale database.

       The definition files consist of sections which each describe a locale category in detail.

   Syntax
       The locale definition file starts with a header that may consist of the following keywords:

       <escape_char>
              is followed by a character that should be used as the escape-character for the rest of the file to  mark
              characters that should be interpreted in a special way.  It defaults to the backslash (\).

       <comment_char>
              is  followed  by  a  character  that will be used as the comment-character for the rest of the file.  It
              defaults to the number sign (#).

       The locale definition has one part for each locale category.  Each part can be  copied  from  another  existing
       locale or can be defined from scratch.  If the category should be copied, the only valid keyword in the defini-
       tion is copy followed by the name of the locale which should be copied.

   LC_CTYPE
       The definition for the LC_CTYPE category starts with the string LC_CTYPE in the first column.

       There are the following keywords allowed:

       upper  followed by a list of uppercase letters.  The letters A through Z are included  automatically.   Charac-
              ters also specified as cntrl, digit, punct, or space are not allowed.

       lower  followed  by  a list of lowercase letters.  The letters a through z are included automatically.  Charac-
              ters also specified as cntrl, digit, punct, or space are not allowed.

       alpha  followed by a list of letters.  All character specified as  either  upper  or  lower  are  automatically
              included.  Characters also specified as cntrl, digit, punct, or space are not allowed.

       digit  followed by the characters classified as numeric digits.  Only the digits 0 through 9 are allowed.  They
              are included by default in this class.

       space  followed by a list of characters defined as white-space characters.  Characters also specified as upper,
              lower,  alpha, digit, graph, or xdigit are not allowed.  The characters <space>, <form-feed>, <newline>,
              <carriage-return>, <tab>, and <vertical-tab> are automatically included.

       cntrl  followed by a list of control characters.  Characters also specified  as  upper,  lower,  alpha,  digit,
              punct, graph, print, or xdigit are not allowed.

       punct  followed  by a list of punctuation characters.  Characters also specified as upper, lower, alpha, digit,
              cntrl, xdigit, or the <space> character are not allowed.

       graph  followed by a list of printable characters, not including the <space> character.  The characters defined
              as  upper, lower, alpha, digit, xdigit, and punct are automatically included.  Characters also specified
              as cntrl are not allowed.

       print  followed by a list of printable characters, including the <space> character.  The characters defined  as
              upper,  lower, alpha, digit, xdigit, punct, and the <space> character are automatically included.  Char-
              acters also specified as cntrl are not allowed.

       xdigit followed by a list of characters classified as hexadecimal digits.  The decimal digits must be  included
              followed by one or more set of six characters in ascending order.  The following characters are included
              by default: 0 through 9, a through f, A through F.

       blank  followed by a list of characters classified as blank.  The characters <space> and  <tab>  are  automati-
              cally included.

       toupper
              followed  by a list of mappings from lowercase to uppercase letters.  Each mapping is a pair of a lower-
              case and an uppercase letter separated with a , and enclosed in parentheses.  The members  of  the  list
              are separated with semicolons.

       tolower
              followed  by  a  list  of  mappings  from uppercase to lowercase letters.  If the keyword tolower is not
              present, the reverse of the toupper list is used.

       The LC_CTYPE definition ends with the string END LC_CYTPE.

   LC_COLLATE
       The LC_COLLATE category defines the rules for collating characters.  Due to limitations of libc not all  POSIX-
       options are implemented.

       The definition starts with the string LC_COLLATE in the first column.

       There are the following keywords allowed:

       collating-element

       collating-symbol

       The order-definition starts with a line:

       order_start

       followed  by  a list of keywords out of forward, backward, or position.  The order definition consists of lines
       that describe the order and is terminated with the keyword

       order_end.

       For more details see the sources in /usr/lib/nls/src notably the examples POSIX, Example and Example2

       The LC_COLLATE definition ends with the string END LC_COLLATE.

   LC_MONETARY
       The definition starts with the string LC_MONETARY in the first column.

       There are the following keywords allowed:

       int_curr_symbol
              followed by the international currency symbol.  This must be a 4-character string containing the  inter-
              national currency symbol as defined by the ISO 4217 standard (three characters) followed by a separator.

       currency_symbol
              followed by the local currency symbol.

       mon_decimal_point
              followed by the string that will be used as the decimal delimiter when formatting monetary quantities.

       mon_thousands_sep
              followed by the string that will be used as a group separator when formatting monetary quantities.

       mon_grouping
              followed by a string that describes the formatting of numeric quantities.

       positive_sign
              followed by a string that is used to indicate a positive sign for monetary quantities.

       negative_sign
              followed by a string that is used to indicate a negative sign for monetary quantities.

       int_frac_digits
              followed by the number of fractional digits that should be used when formatting with  the  int_curr_sym-
              bol.

       frac_digits
              followed  by  the number of fractional digits that should be used when formatting with the currency_sym-
              bol.

       p_cs_precedes
              followed by an integer set to 1 if the currency_symbol or int_curr_symbol should precede  the  formatted
              monetary quantity or set to 0 if the symbol succeeds the value.

       p_sep_by_space
              followed by an integer.

              0      means that no space should be printed between the symbol and the value.

              1      means that a space should be printed between the symbol and the value.

              2      means that a space should be printed between the symbol and the sign string, if adjacent.

       n_cs_precedes

              0      - the symbol succeeds the value.

              1      - the symbol precedes the value.

       n_sep_by_space
              An  integer  set  to 0 if no space separates the currency_symbol or int_curr_symbol from the value for a
              negative monetary quantity, set to 1 if a space separates the symbol from the value and set to  2  if  a
              space separates the symbol and the sign string, if adjacent.

       p_sign_posn

              0      Parentheses enclose the quantity and the currency_symbol or int_curr_symbol.

              1      The sign string precedes the quantity and the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.

              2      The sign string succeeds the quantity and the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.

              3      The sign string precedes the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.

              4      The sign string succeeds the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.

       n_sign_posn

              0      Parentheses enclose the quantity and the currency_symbol or int_curr_symbol.

              1      The sign string precedes the quantity and the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.

              2      The sign string succeeds the quantity and the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.

              3      The sign string precedes the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.

              4      The sign string succeeds the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.

       The LC_MONETARY definition ends with the string END LC_MONETARY.

   LC_NUMERIC
       The definition starts with the string LC_NUMERIC in the first column.

       The following keywords are allowed:

       decimal_point
              followed by the string that will be used as the decimal delimiter when formatting numeric quantities.

       thousands_sep
              followed by the string that will be used as a group separator when formatting numeric quantities.

       grouping
              followed by a string that describes the formatting of numeric quantities.

       The LC_NUMERIC definition ends with the string END LC_NUMERIC.

   LC_TIME
       The definition starts with the string LC_TIME in the first column.

       The following keywords are allowed:

       abday  followed  by  a  list  of  abbreviated weekday names.  The list starts with the first day of the week as
              specified by week (Sunday by default).

       day    followed by a list of weekday names.  The list starts with the first day of the  week  as  specified  by
              week (Sunday by default).

       abmon  followed by a list of abbreviated month names.

       mon    followed by a list of month names.

       am_pm  The appropriate representation of the am and pm strings.

       d_t_fmt
              The appropriate date and time format.

       d_fmt  The appropriate date format.

       t_fmt  The appropriate time format.

       t_fmt_ampm
              The appropriate time format when using 12h clock format.

       week   followed  by a list of three values: The number of days in a week (by default 7), a date of beginning of
              the week (by default corresponds to Sunday), and the minimal length  of  the  first  week  in  year  (by
              default  4).   Regarding  the start of the week, 19971130 shall be used for Sunday and 19971201 shall be
              used for Monday.  Thus, countries using 19971130 should have local Sunday name as the first day  in  the
              day  list,  while  countries  using 19971201 should have Monday translation as the first item in the day
              list.

       first_weekday (since glibc 2.2)
              Number of the first day from the day list to be shown in calendar applications.  The default value of  1
              corresponds to either Sunday or Monday depending on the value of the second week list item.

       first_workday (since glibc 2.2)
              Number of the first working day from the day list.

       The LC_TIME definition ends with the string END LC_TIME.

   LC_MESSAGES
       The definition starts with the string LC_MESSAGES in the first column.

       The following keywords are allowed:

       yesexpr
              followed by a regular expression that describes possible yes-responses.

       noexpr followed by a regular expression that describes possible no-responses.

       The LC_MESSAGES definition ends with the string END LC_MESSAGES.

       See the POSIX.2 standard for details.

FILES
       /usr/lib/locale/ -- database for the current locale setting of that category
       /usr/lib/nls/charmap/* -- charmap-files

CONFORMING TO
       POSIX.2, ISO/IEC 14652.

BUGS
       This manual page isn't complete.

SEE ALSO
       locale(1), localedef(1), localeconv(3), setlocale(3), charmap(5)

COLOPHON
       This  page  is part of release 3.22 of the Linux man-pages project.  A description of the project, and informa-
       tion about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.



Linux                             2008-06-17                         LOCALE(5)