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LOADKEYS(1)                                                        LOADKEYS(1)



NAME
       loadkeys - load keyboard translation tables

SYNOPSIS
       loadkeys  [  -b  --bkeymap ] [ -c --clearcompose ] [ -C '<cons1 cons2 ...>' | --console=cons1,cons2,...  ] [ -d
       --default ] [ -h --help ] [ -m --mktable ] [ -q --quiet ] [ -s --clearstrings ] [ -v --verbose ] [  filename...
       ]


DESCRIPTION
       The  program loadkeys reads the file or files specified by filename....  Its main purpose is to load the kernel
       keymap for the console.  The affected console device or devices can be specified using the -C (or  --console  )
       option. This option supports a list of device names

RESET TO DEFAULT
       If  the  -d  (or  --default ) option is given, loadkeys loads a default keymap, probably the file defkeymap.map
       either in /lib/kbd/keymaps or in /usr/src/linux/drivers/char.  (Probably the former was user-defined, while the
       latter is a qwerty keyboard map for PCs - maybe not what was desired.)  Sometimes, with a strange keymap loaded
       (with the minus on some obscure unknown modifier combination) it is easier to type 'loadkeys defkeymap'.

LOAD KERNEL KEYMAP
       The main function of loadkeys is to load or modify the keyboard driver's translation tables.   When  specifying
       the  file  names, standard input can be denoted by dash (-). If no file is specified, the data is read from the
       standard input.

       For many countries and keyboard types appropriate keymaps are available already, and a command  like  'loadkeys
       uk'  might  do what you want. On the other hand, it is easy to construct one's own keymap. The user has to tell
       what symbols belong to each key. She can find the keycode for a key by use of showkey(1), while the keymap for-
       mat is given in keymaps(5) and can also be seen from the output of dumpkeys(1).

LOAD KERNEL ACCENT TABLE
       If  the  input  file  does  not contain any compose key definitions, the kernel accent table is left unchanged,
       unless the -c (or --clearcompose ) option is given, in which case the kernel accent table is emptied.   If  the
       input  file  does  contain  compose  key definitions, then all old definitions are removed, and replaced by the
       specified new entries.  The kernel accent table is a sequence of (by default 68) entries  describing  how  dead
       diacritical signs and compose keys behave.  For example, a line

              compose ',' 'c' to ccedilla

       means  that  <ComposeKey><,><c>  must  be combined to <ccedilla>.  The current content of this table can be see
       using 'dumpkeys --compose-only'.

LOAD KERNEL STRING TABLE
       The option -s (or --clearstrings ) clears the kernel string table. If this option is not given,  loadkeys  will
       only add or replace strings, not remove them.  (Thus, the option -s is required to reach a well-defined state.)
       The kernel string table is a sequence of strings with names like F31. One can make function key F5 (on an ordi-
       nary PC keyboard) produce the text 'Hello!', and Shift+F5 'Goodbye!' using lines

              keycode 63 = F70 F71
              string F70 = "Hello!"
              string F71 = "Goodbye!"

       in  the keymap.  The default bindings for the function keys are certain escape sequences mostly inspired by the
       VT100 terminal.

CREATE KERNEL SOURCE TABLE
       If the -m (or --mktable ) option is given loadkeys prints to the standard output a file that  may  be  used  as
       /usr/src/linux/drivers/char/defkeymap.c,  specifying the default key bindings for a kernel (and does not modify
       the current keymap).

CREATE BINARY KEYMAP
       If the -b (or --bkeymap ) option is given loadkeys prints to the standard output a file that may be used  as  a
       binary keymap as expected by Busybox loadkmap command (and does not modify the current keymap).

OTHER OPTIONS
       -h --help
              loadkeys  prints  its version number and a short usage message to the programs standard error output and
              exits.

       -q --quiet
              loadkeys suppresses all normal output.

WARNING
       Note that anyone having read access to /dev/console can run loadkeys and thus change the keyboard layout,  pos-
       sibly  making  it unusable. Note that the keyboard translation table is common for all the virtual consoles, so
       any changes to the keyboard bindings affect all the virtual consoles simultaneously.

       Note that because the changes affect all the virtual consoles, they also outlive your session. This means  that
       even at the login prompt the key bindings may not be what the user expects.

FILES
       /lib/kbd/keymaps
              default directory for keymaps


       /usr/src/linux/drivers/char/defkeymap.map
              default kernel keymap

SEE ALSO
       dumpkeys(1), keymaps(5)




                                  6 Feb 1994                       LOADKEYS(1)