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LN(1)                            User Commands                           LN(1)



NAME
       ln - make links between files

SYNOPSIS
       ln [OPTION]... [-T] TARGET LINK_NAME   (1st form)
       ln [OPTION]... TARGET                  (2nd form)
       ln [OPTION]... TARGET... DIRECTORY     (3rd form)
       ln [OPTION]... -t DIRECTORY TARGET...  (4th form)

DESCRIPTION
       In  the 1st form, create a link to TARGET with the name LINK_NAME.  In the 2nd form, create a link to TARGET in
       the current directory.  In the 3rd and 4th forms, create links to each TARGET in DIRECTORY.  Create hard  links
       by  default, symbolic links with --symbolic.  When creating hard links, each TARGET must exist.  Symbolic links
       can hold arbitrary text; if later resolved, a relative link is interpreted in relation to its parent directory.

       Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.

       --backup[=CONTROL]
              make a backup of each existing destination file

       -b     like --backup but does not accept an argument

       -d, -F, --directory
              allow the superuser to attempt to hard link directories (note: will probably fail due to system restric-
              tions, even for the superuser)

       -f, --force
              remove existing destination files

       -i, --interactive
              prompt whether to remove destinations

       -L, --logical
              make hard links to symbolic link references

       -n, --no-dereference
              treat destination that is a symlink to a directory as if it were a normal file

       -P, --physical
              make hard links directly to symbolic links

       -s, --symbolic
              make symbolic links instead of hard links

       -S, --suffix=SUFFIX
              override the usual backup suffix

       -t, --target-directory=DIRECTORY
              specify the DIRECTORY in which to create the links

       -T, --no-target-directory
              treat LINK_NAME as a normal file

       -v, --verbose
              print name of each linked file

       --help display this help and exit

       --version
              output version information and exit

       The backup suffix is '~', unless set with --suffix or SIMPLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX.  The version control method may  be
       selected via the --backup option or through the VERSION_CONTROL environment variable.  Here are the values:

       Using  -s  ignores -L and -P.  Otherwise, the last option specified controls behavior when the source is a sym-
       bolic link, defaulting to -P.

       none, off
              never make backups (even if --backup is given)

       numbered, t
              make numbered backups

       existing, nil
              numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise

       simple, never
              always make simple backups

AUTHOR
       Written by Mike Parker and David MacKenzie.

REPORTING BUGS
       Report ln bugs to bug-coreutilsATgnu.org
       GNU coreutils home page: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>;
       General help using GNU software: <http://www.gnu.org/gethelp/>;
       Report ln translation bugs to <http://translationproject.org/team/>;

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright  (C)  2010  Free  Software  Foundation,  Inc.   License  GPLv3+:   GNU   GPL   version   3   or   later
       <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>;.
       This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.  There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permit-
       ted by law.

SEE ALSO
       link(2), symlink(2)

       The full documentation for ln is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If the info  and  ln  programs  are  properly
       installed at your site, the command

              info coreutils 'ln invocation'

       should give you access to the complete manual.



GNU coreutils 8.4                 March 2017                             LN(1)