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LDIF(5)                                                                LDIF(5)

       ldif - LDAP Data Interchange Format

       The LDAP Data Interchange Format (LDIF) is used to represent LDAP entries and change records in text form. LDAP
       tools, such as ldapadd(1) and ldapsearch(1), read and write  LDIF  entry  records.   ldapmodify(1)  reads  LDIF
       change records.

       This  manual  page  provides  a  basic description of LDIF.  A formal specification of LDIF is published in RFC

       LDIF entry records are used to represent directory entries.  The basic form of an entry record is:

            dn: <distinguished name>
            <attrdesc>: <attrvalue>
            <attrdesc>: <attrvalue>
            <attrdesc>:: <base64-encoded-value>
            <attrdesc>:< <URL>

       The value may be specified as UTF-8 text or as base64 encoded data, or a URI may be provided to the location of
       the attribute value.

       A line may be continued by starting the next line with a single space or tab, e.g.,

            dn: cn=Barbara J Jensen,dc=exam

       Lines beginning with a sharp sign ('#') are ignored.

       Multiple attribute values are specified on separate lines, e.g.,

            cn: Barbara J Jensen
            cn: Babs Jensen

       If  an  value  contains a non-printing character, or begins with a space or a colon ':', the <attrtype> is fol-
       lowed by a double colon and the value is encoded in base 64 notation. e.g., the value " begins  with  a  space"
       would be encoded like this:

            cn:: IGJlZ2lucyB3aXRoIGEgc3BhY2U=

       If  the  attribute value is located in a file, the <attrtype> is followed by a ':<' and a file: URI.  e.g., the
       value contained in the file /tmp/value would be listed like this:

            cn:< file:///tmp/value
       Other URI schemes (ftp,http) may be supported as well.

       Multiple entries within the same LDIF file are separated by blank lines.

       Here is an example of an LDIF file containing three entries.

            dn: cn=Barbara J Jensen,dc=example,dc=com
            cn: Barbara J Jensen
            cn: Babs Jensen
            objectclass: person
            description:< file:///tmp/babs
            sn: Jensen

            dn: cn=Bjorn J Jensen,dc=example,dc=com
            cn: Bjorn J Jensen
            cn: Bjorn Jensen
            objectclass: person
            sn: Jensen

            dn: cn=Jennifer J Jensen,dc=example,dc=com
            cn: Jennifer J Jensen
            cn: Jennifer Jensen
            objectclass: person
            sn: Jensen
            jpegPhoto:: /9j/4AAQSkZJRgABAAAAAQABAAD/2wBDABALD

       Note that the description in Barbara Jensen's entry is read from file:///tmp/babs and the jpegPhoto in Jennifer
       Jensen's entry is encoded using base 64.

       LDIF change records are used to represent directory change requests.  Each change record starts with line indi-
       cating the distinguished name of the entry being changed:

            dn: <distinguishedname>

            changetype: <[modify|add|delete|modrdn]>

       Finally, the change information itself is given, the format of which depends on what kind of change was  speci-
       fied above.  For a changetype of modify, the format is one or more of the following:

            add: <attributetype>
            <attrdesc>: <value1>
            <attrdesc>: <value2>

       Or, for a replace modification:

            replace: <attributetype>
            <attrdesc>: <value1>
            <attrdesc>: <value2>

       If no attributetype lines are given to replace, the entire attribute is to be deleted (if present).

       Or, for a delete modification:

            delete: <attributetype>
            <attrdesc>: <value1>
            <attrdesc>: <value2>

       If no attributetype lines are given to delete, the entire attribute is to be deleted.

       For a changetype of add, the format is:

            <attrdesc1>: <value1>
            <attrdesc1>: <value2>
            <attrdescN>: <value1>
            <attrdescN>: <value2>

       For a changetype of modrdn or moddn, the format is:

            newrdn: <newrdn>
            deleteoldrdn: 0 | 1
            newsuperior: <DN>

       where  a value of 1 for deleteoldrdn means to delete the values forming the old rdn from the entry, and a value
       of 0 means to leave the values as non-distinguished attributes in the entry.  The newsuperior line is  optional
       and, if present, specifies the new superior to move the entry to.

       For a changetype of delete, no additional information is needed in the record.

       Note  that attribute values may be presented using base64 or in files as described for entry records.  Lines in
       change records may be continued in the manner described for entry records as well.

       The following sample LDIF file contains a change record of each type of change.

            dn: cn=Babs Jensen,dc=example,dc=com
            changetype: add
            objectclass: person
            objectclass: extensibleObject
            cn: babs
            cn: babs jensen
            sn: jensen

            dn: cn=Babs Jensen,dc=example,dc=com
            changetype: modify
            add: givenName
            givenName: Barbara
            givenName: babs
            replace: description
            description: the fabulous babs
            delete: sn
            sn: jensen

            dn: cn=Babs Jensen,dc=example,dc=com
            changetype: modrdn
            newrdn: cn=Barbara J Jensen
            deleteoldrdn: 0
            newsuperior: ou=People,dc=example,dc=com

            dn: cn=Barbara J Jensen,ou=People,dc=example,dc=com
            changetype: delete

       The LDIF parser has been extended to support an include  statement  for  referencing  other  LDIF  files.   The
       include statement must be separated from other records by a blank line.  The referenced file is specified using
       a file: URI and all of its contents are incorporated as if they were part of the original LDIF file. As  above,
       other URI schemes may be supported. For example:

            dn: dc=example,dc=com
            objectclass: domain
            dc: example

            include: file:///tmp/

            dn: dc=example,dc=org
            objectclass: domain
            dc: example
       This  feature  is not part of the LDIF specification in RFC 2849 but is expected to appear in a future revision
       of this spec. It is supported by the ldapadd(1), ldapmodify(1), and slapadd(8) commands.

       ldap(3), ldapsearch(1), ldapadd(1), ldapmodify(1), slapadd(8), slapcat(8), slapd-ldif(5).

       "LDAP Data Interchange Format," Good, G., RFC 2849.

       OpenLDAP Software is developed and maintained by The  OpenLDAP  Project  <>;.   OpenLDAP
       Software is derived from University of Michigan LDAP 3.3 Release.

OpenLDAP 2.4.40                   2014/09/20                           LDIF(5)