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KOI8-R(7)                  Linux Programmer's Manual                 KOI8-R(7)



NAME
       koi8-r - Russian Net Character Set encoded in octal, decimal, and hexadecimal

DESCRIPTION
       KOI8-R  is the character set of choice for encoding Russian texts for many Unix-like operation systems.  KOI8-R
       is a successor for KOI-8, a de-facto standard for Internet Mail, News, WWW and other  interactive  services  at
       least all over the ex-SU territory.

       KOI8-R is defined by RFC 1489 (Registration of a Cyrillic Character Set).

NOTES
       KOI8-R  was  designed for mixed Russian/English texts and covers only Russian Cyrillic characters, so if you're
       looking for Ukrainian, Byelorussian, etc.  Cyrillic characters, try ISO-IR-111, or KOI8-U (Ukrainian  Character
       Set),  or  KOI8-C  (for  ancient  Russian texts) instead, which are identical to KOI8-R in the Russian Cyrillic
       letters area.

       A more complete set of Cyrillic characters is also defined by the ISO-8859-5 character set.

   KOI8-R Characters
       The following table displays the characters in KOI8-R, which are printable and unlisted in the ascii(7)  manual
       page.

       Oct   Dec   Hex   Char   Description
       ---------------------------------------------------------------------
       200   128   80     -    FORMS LIGHT HORIZONTAL
       201   129   81     |    FORMS LIGHT VERTICAL
       202   130   82     +    FORMS LIGHT DOWN AND RIGHT
       203   131   83     +    FORMS LIGHT DOWN AND LEFT
       204   132   84     +    FORMS LIGHT UP AND RIGHT
       205   133   85     +    FORMS LIGHT UP AND LEFT
       206   134   86     +    FORMS LIGHT VERTICAL AND RIGHT
       207   135   87     +    FORMS LIGHT VERTICAL AND LEFT
       210   136   88     +    FORMS LIGHT DOWN AND HORIZONTAL
       211   137   89     +    FORMS LIGHT UP AND HORIZONTAL
       212   138   8A     +    FORMS LIGHT VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL
       213   139   8B     ?    UPPER HALF BLOCK
       214   140   8C     ?    LOWER HALF BLOCK
       215   141   8D     ?    FULL BLOCK
       216   142   8E     ?    LEFT HALF BLOCK
       217   143   8F     ?    RIGHT HALF BLOCK
       220   144   90     ?    LIGHT SHADE
       221   145   91     ?    MEDIUM SHADE
       222   146   92     ?    DARK SHADE
       223   147   93     ?    TOP HALF INTEGRAL
       224   148   94     ?    BLACK SMALL SQUARE
       225   149   95     ?    BULLET OPERATOR
       226   150   96     ?    SQUARE ROOT
       227   151   97     ?    ALMOST EQUAL TO
       230   152   98     <=    LESS THAN OR EQUAL TO
       231   153   99     >=    GREATER THAN OR EQUAL TO
       232   154   9A           NON-BREAKING SPACE
       233   155   9B     ?    BOTTOM HALF INTEGRAL
       234   156   9C     ?     DEGREE SIGN
       235   157   9D     ?     SUPERSCRIPT DIGIT TWO
       236   158   9E     ?     MIDDLE DOT
       237   159   9F     ?     DIVISION SIGN
       240   160   A0     ?    FORMS DOUBLE HORIZONTAL
       241   161   A1     ?    FORMS DOUBLE VERTICAL
       242   162   A2     ?    FORMS DOWN SINGLE AND RIGHT DOUBLE
       243   163   A3     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IO
       244   164   A4     ?    FORMS DOWN DOUBLE AND RIGHT SINGLE

       245   165   A5     ?    FORMS DOUBLE DOWN AND RIGHT
       246   166   A6     ?    FORMS DOWN SINGLE AND LEFT DOUBLE
       247   167   A7     ?    FORMS DOWN DOUBLE AND LEFT SINGLE
       250   168   A8     ?    FORMS DOUBLE DOWN AND LEFT
       251   169   A9     ?    FORMS UP SINGLE AND RIGHT DOUBLE
       252   170   AA     ?    FORMS UP DOUBLE AND RIGHT SINGLE
       253   171   AB     ?    FORMS DOUBLE UP AND RIGHT
       254   172   AC     ?    FORMS UP SINGLE AND LEFT DOUBLE
       255   173   AD     ?    FORMS UP DOUBLE AND LEFT SINGLE
       256   174   AE     ?    FORMS DOUBLE UP AND LEFT
       257   175   AF     ?    FORMS VERTICAL SINGLE AND RIGHT DOUBLE
       260   176   B0     ?    FORMS VERTICAL DOUBLE AND RIGHT SINGLE
       261   177   B1     ?    FORMS DOUBLE VERTICAL AND RIGHT
       262   178   B2     ?    FORMS VERTICAL SINGLE AND LEFT DOUBLE
       263   179   B3     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IO
       264   180   B4     ?    FORMS VERTICAL DOUBLE AND LEFT SINGLE
       265   181   B5     ?    FORMS DOUBLE VERTICAL AND LEFT
       266   182   B6     ?    FORMS DOWN SINGLE AND HORIZONTAL DOUBLE
       267   183   B7     ?    FORMS DOWN DOUBLE AND HORIZONTAL SINGLE
       270   184   B8     ?    FORMS DOUBLE DOWN AND HORIZONTAL
       271   185   B9     ?    FORMS UP SINGLE AND HORIZONTAL DOUBLE
       272   186   BA     ?    FORMS UP DOUBLE AND HORIZONTAL SINGLE
       273   187   BB     ?    FORMS DOUBLE UP AND HORIZONTAL
       274   188   BC     ?    FORMS VERTICAL SINGLE AND HORIZONTAL DOUBLE
       275   189   BD     ?    FORMS VERTICAL DOUBLE AND HORIZONTAL SINGLE
       276   190   BE     ?    FORMS DOUBLE VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL
       277   191   BF     (C)     COPYRIGHT SIGN
       300   192   C0     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IU
       301   193   C1     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER A
       302   194   C2     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER BE
       303   195   C3     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER TSE
       304   196   C4     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER DE
       305   197   C5     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IE
       306   198   C6     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EF
       307   199   C7     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER GE
       310   200   C8     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER KHA
       311   201   C9     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER II
       312   202   CA     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHORT II
       313   203   CB     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER KA
       314   204   CC     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EL
       315   205   CD     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EM
       316   206   CE     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EN
       317   207   CF     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER O
       320   208   D0     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER PE
       321   209   D1     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IA
       322   210   D2     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ER
       323   211   D3     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ES
       324   212   D4     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER TE
       325   213   D5     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER U
       326   214   D6     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZHE
       327   215   D7     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER VE
       330   216   D8     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SOFT SIGN
       331   217   D9     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YERI
       332   218   DA     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZE
       333   219   DB     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHA
       334   220   DC     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER REVERSED E
       335   221   DD     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHCHA
       336   222   DE     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER CHE
       337   223   DF     ?     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER HARD SIGN
       340   224   E0     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IU
       341   225   E1     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER A
       342   226   E2     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER BE
       343   227   E3     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER TSE
       344   228   E4     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER DE
       345   229   E5     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IE

       346   230   E6     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EF
       347   231   E7     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER GE
       350   232   E8     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER KHA
       351   233   E9     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER II
       352   234   EA     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHORT II
       353   235   EB     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER KA
       354   236   EC     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EL
       355   237   ED     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EM
       356   238   EE     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EN
       357   239   EF     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER O
       360   240   F0     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER PE
       361   241   F1     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IA
       362   242   F2     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ER
       363   243   F3     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ES
       364   244   F4     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER TE
       365   245   F5     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER U
       366   246   F6     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZHE
       367   247   F7     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER VE
       370   248   F8     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SOFT SIGN
       371   249   F9     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YERI
       372   250   FA     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZE
       373   251   FB     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHA
       374   252   FC     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER REVERSED E
       375   253   FD     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHCHA
       376   254   FE     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER CHE
       377   255   FF     ?     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER HARD SIGN


SEE ALSO
       ascii(7), iso-8859-7(7), koi8-u(7), RFC 1489, http://koi8.pp.ru/

COLOPHON
       This  page  is  part  of  release  3.22  of  the  Linux  man-pages  project.  A description of the project, and
       information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.



Linux                             2009-02-04                         KOI8-R(7)