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IP-TUNNEL(8)                         Linux                        IP-TUNNEL(8)

       ip-tunnel - tunnel configuration

       ip [ OPTIONS ] tunnel  { COMMAND | help }

       ip tunnel { add | change | del | show | prl } [ NAME ]
               [ mode MODE ] [ remote ADDR ] [ local ADDR ]
               [ [i|o]seq ] [ [i|o]key KEY ] [ [i|o]csum ] ]
               [ encaplimit ELIM ] [ ttl TTL ]
               [ tos TOS ] [ flowlabel FLOWLABEL ]
               [ prl-default ADDR ] [ prl-nodefault ADDR ] [ prl-delete ADDR ]
               [ [no]pmtudisc ] [ dev PHYS_DEV ] [ dscp inherit ]

       MODE :=  { ipip | gre | sit | isatap | ip6ip6 | ipip6 | any }

       ADDR := { IP_ADDRESS | any }

       TOS := { NUMBER | inherit }

       ELIM := { none | 0..255 }

       TTL := { 1..255 | inherit }

       KEY := { DOTTED_QUAD | NUMBER }

       TIME := NUMBER[s|ms]

       tunnel objects are tunnels, encapsulating packets in IP packets and then sending them over the IP infrastruc-
       ture.  The encapulating (or outer) address family is specified by the -f option.  The default is IPv4.

   ip tunnel add - add a new tunnel
   ip tunnel change - change an existing tunnel
   ip tunnel delete - destroy a tunnel
       name NAME (default)
              select the tunnel device name.

       mode MODE
              set the tunnel mode. Available modes depend on the encapsulating address family.
              Modes for IPv4 encapsulation available: ipip, sit, isatap and gre.
              Modes for IPv6 encapsulation available: ip6ip6, ipip6 and any.

       remote ADDRESS
              set the remote endpoint of the tunnel.

       local ADDRESS
              set the fixed local address for tunneled packets.  It must be an address on another interface of this

       ttl N  set a fixed TTL N on tunneled packets.  N is a number in the range 1--255. 0 is a special value meaning
              that packets inherit the TTL value.  The default value for IPv4 tunnels is: inherit.  The default value
              for IPv6 tunnels is: 64.

       tos T

       dsfield T

       tclass T
              set a fixed TOS (or traffic class in IPv6) T on tunneled packets.  The default value is: inherit.

       dev NAME
              bind the tunnel to the device NAME so that tunneled packets will only be routed via this device and will
              not be able to escape to another device when the route to endpoint changes.

              disable Path MTU Discovery on this tunnel.  It is enabled by default.  Note that a fixed ttl is incom-
              patible with this option: tunnelling with a fixed ttl always makes pmtu discovery.

       key K

       ikey K

       okey K ( only GRE tunnels ) use keyed GRE with key K. K is either a number or an IP address-like dotted quad.
              The key parameter sets the key to use in both directions.  The ikey and okey parameters set different
              keys for input and output.

       csum, icsum, ocsum
              ( only GRE tunnels ) generate/require checksums for tunneled packets.  The ocsum flag calculates check-
              sums for outgoing packets.  The icsum flag requires that all input packets have the correct checksum.
              The csum flag is equivalent to the combination icsum ocsum.

       seq, iseq, oseq
              ( only GRE tunnels ) serialize packets.  The oseq flag enables sequencing of outgoing packets.  The iseq
              flag requires that all input packets are serialized.  The seq flag is equivalent to the combination iseq
              oseq.  It isn't work. Don't use it.

       dscp inherit
              ( only IPv6 tunnels ) Inherit DS field between inner and outer header.

       encaplim ELIM
              ( only IPv6 tunnels ) set a fixed encapsulation limit.  Default is 4.

       flowlabel FLOWLABEL
              ( only IPv6 tunnels ) set a fixed flowlabel.

   ip tunnel prl - potential router list (ISATAP only)
       dev NAME
              mandatory device name.

       prl-default ADDR

       prl-nodefault ADDR

       prl-delete ADDR
              Add or delete ADDR as a potential router or default router.

   ip tunnel show - list tunnels
       This command has no arguments.


       Original Manpage by Michail Litvak <>

iproute2                          20 Dec 2011                     IP-TUNNEL(8)