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IP-ADDRESS(8)                        Linux                       IP-ADDRESS(8)

       ip-address - protocol address management

       ip [ OPTIONS ] address  { COMMAND | help }

       ip address { add | change | replace } IFADDR dev STRING [ LIFETIME ] [ CONFFLAG-LIST ]

       ip address del IFADDR dev STRING

       ip address { show | flush } [ dev STRING ] [ scope SCOPE-ID ] [ to PREFIX ] [ FLAG-LIST ] [ label PATTERN ]

       IFADDR := PREFIX | ADDR peer PREFIX [ broadcast ADDR ] [ anycast ADDR ] [ label STRING ] [ scope SCOPE-ID ]

       SCOPE-ID := [ host | link | global | NUMBER ]


       FLAG := [ permanent | dynamic | secondary | primary | tentative | deprecated | dadfailed | temporary | CONF-
               FLAG-LIST ]


       CONFFLAG := [ home | nodad ]

       LIFETIME := [ valid_lft LFT | preferred_lft LFT ]

       LFT := [ forever | SECONDS ]

       The address is a protocol (IPv4 or IPv6) address attached to a network device.  Each device must have at least
       one address to use the corresponding protocol.  It is possible to have several different addresses attached to
       one device.  These addresses are not discriminated, so that the term alias is not quite appropriate for them
       and we do not use it in this document.

       The ip address command displays addresses and their properties, adds new addresses and deletes old ones.

   ip address add - add new protocol address.
       dev NAME
              the name of the device to add the address to.

       local ADDRESS (default)
              the address of the interface. The format of the address depends on the protocol. It is a dotted quad for
              IP and a sequence of hexadecimal halfwords separated by colons for IPv6. The ADDRESS may be followed by
              a slash and a decimal number which encodes the network prefix length.

       peer ADDRESS
              the address of the remote endpoint for pointopoint interfaces.  Again, the ADDRESS may be followed by a
              slash and a decimal number, encoding the network prefix length. If a peer address is specified, the
              local address cannot have a prefix length. The network prefix is associated with the peer rather than
              with the local address.

       broadcast ADDRESS
              the broadcast address on the interface.

              It is possible to use the special symbols '+' and '-' instead of the broadcast address. In this case,
              the broadcast address is derived by setting/resetting the host bits of the interface prefix.

       label NAME
              Each address may be tagged with a label string.  In order to preserve compatibility with Linux-2.0 net
              aliases, this string must coincide with the name of the device or must be prefixed with the device name
              followed by colon.

       scope SCOPE_VALUE
              the scope of the area where this address is valid.  The available scopes are listed in file
              /etc/iproute2/rt_scopes.  Predefined scope values are:

                      global - the address is globally valid.

                      link - the address is link local, i.e. it is valid only on this device.

                      host - the address is valid only inside this host.

       valid_lft LFT
              (IPv6 only) the valid lifetime of this address; see section 5.5.4 of RFC 4862. Defaults to forever.

       preferred_lft LFT
              (IPv6 only) the preferred lifetime of this address; see section 5.5.4 of RFC 4862. Defaults to forever.

       home   (IPv6 only) designates this address the "home address" as defined in RFC 6275.

       nodad  (IPv6 only) do not perform Duplicate Address Detection (RFC 4862) when adding this address.

   ip address delete - delete protocol address
       Arguments: coincide with the arguments of ip addr add.  The device name is a required argument. The rest are
       optional.  If no arguments are given, the first address is deleted.

   ip address show - look at protocol addresses
       dev NAME (default)
              name of device.

       scope SCOPE_VAL
              only list addresses with this scope.

       to PREFIX
              only list addresses matching this prefix.

       label PATTERN
              only list addresses with labels matching the PATTERN.  PATTERN is a usual shell style pattern.

       dynamic and permanent
              (IPv6 only) only list addresses installed due to stateless address configuration or only list permanent
              (not dynamic) addresses.

              (IPv6 only) only list addresses which have not yet passed duplicate address detection.

              (IPv6 only) only list deprecated addresses.

              (IPv6 only) only list addresses which have failed duplicate address detection.

              (IPv6 only) only list temporary addresses.

       primary and secondary
              only list primary (or secondary) addresses.

   ip address flush - flush protocol addresses
       This command flushes the protocol addresses selected by some criteria.

       This command has the same arguments as show.  The difference is that it does not run when no arguments are

       Warning: This command and other flush commands are unforgiving. They will cruelly purge all the addresses.

       With the -statistics option, the command becomes verbose. It prints out the number of deleted addresses and the
       number of rounds made to flush the address list.  If this option is given twice, ip address flush also dumps
       all the deleted addresses in the format described in the previous subsection.

       ip address show dev eth0
           Shows the addresses assigned to network interface eth0

       ip addr add 2001:0db8:85a3::0370:7334/64 dev eth1
           Adds an IPv6 address to network interface eth1

       ip addr flush dev eth4
           Removes all addresses from device eth4


       Original Manpage by Michail Litvak <>

iproute2                         04 March 2012                   IP-ADDRESS(8)