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ILOGB(3P) POSIX Programmer's Manual ILOGB(3P)PROLOGThis manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may dif- fer (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.NAMEilogb, ilogbf, ilogbl - return an unbiased exponentSYNOPSIS#include<math.h>intilogb(doublex);intilogbf(floatx);intilogbl(longdoublex);DESCRIPTIONThese functions shall return the exponent part of their argumentx. Formally, the return value is the integral part of log_r|x| as a signed integral value, for non-zerox, whereris the radix of the machine's floating- point arithmetic, which is the value of FLT_RADIX defined in<float.h>. An application wishing to check for error situations should seterrnoto zero and callfeclearex-cept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, iferrnois non-zero orfetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an error has occurred.RETURNVALUEUpon successful completion, these functions shall return the exponent part ofxas a signed integer value. They are equivalent to calling the correspondinglogb() function and casting the returned value to typeint. Ifxis 0, a domain error shall occur, and the value FP_ILOGB0 shall be returned. Ifxis ?Inf, a domain error shall occur, and the value {INT_MAX} shall be returned. Ifxis a NaN, a domain error shall occur, and the value FP_ILOGBNAN shall be returned. If the correct value is greater than {INT_MAX}, {INT_MAX} shall be returned and a domain error shall occur. If the correct value is less than {INT_MIN}, {INT_MIN} shall be returned and a domain error shall occur.ERRORSThese functions shall fail if: Domain Error Thexargument is zero, NaN, or ?Inf, or the correct value is not representable as an integer. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, thenerrnoshall be set to [EDOM]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the invalid floating-point excep- tion shall be raised.Thefollowingsectionsareinformative.EXAMPLESNone.APPLICATIONUSAGEOn error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are indepen- dent of each other, but at least one of them must be non-zero.RATIONALEThe errors come from taking the expected floating-point value and converting it toint, which is an invalid operation in IEEE Std 754-1985 (since overflow, infinity, and NaN are not representable in a typeint), so should be a domain error. There are no known implementations that overflow. For overflow to happen, {INT_MAX} must be less than LDBL_MAX_EXP*log2(FLT_RADIX) or {INT_MIN} must be greater than LDBL_MIN_EXP*log2(FLT_RADIX) if subnormals are not supported, or {INT_MIN} must be greater than (LDBL_MIN_EXP-LDBL_MANT_DIG)*log2(FLT_RADIX) if subnormals are supported.FUTUREDIRECTIONSNone.SEEALSOfeclearexcept(),fetestexcept(),logb(),scalb(), the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section 4.18, Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions,<float.h>,<math.h>COPYRIGHTPortions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Stan- dard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifica- tions Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Stan- dard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html . IEEE/The Open Group 2003 ILOGB(3P)