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GSHADOW(5)               File Formats and Conversions               GSHADOW(5)



NAME
       gshadow - shadowed group file

DESCRIPTION
       /etc/gshadow contains the shadowed information for group accounts.

       This file must not be readable by regular users if password security is to be maintained.

       Each line of this file contains the following colon-separated fields:

       group name
           It must be a valid group name, which exist on the system.

       encrypted password
           Refer to crypt(3) for details on how this string is interpreted.

           If the password field contains some string that is not a valid result of crypt(3), for instance ! or *,
           users will not be able to use a unix password to access the group (but group members do not need the
           password).

           The password is used when an user who is not a member of the group wants to gain the permissions of this
           group (see newgrp(1)).

           This field may be empty, in which case only the group members can gain the group permissions.

           A password field which starts with a exclamation mark means that the password is locked. The remaining
           characters on the line represent the password field before the password was locked.

           This password supersedes any password specified in /etc/group.

       administrators
           It must be a comma-separated list of user names.

           Administrators can change the password or the members of the group.

           Administrators also have the same permissions as the members (see below).

       members
           It must be a comma-separated list of user names.

           Members can access the group without being prompted for a password.

           You should use the same list of users as in /etc/group.

FILES
       /etc/group
           Group account information.

       /etc/gshadow
           Secure group account information.

SEE ALSO
       gpasswd(5), group(5), grpck(8), grpconv(8), newgrp(1).



shadow-utils 4.1.5.1              05/10/2016                        GSHADOW(5)