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GRN(1)                                                                  GRN(1)

       grn - groff preprocessor for gremlin files

       grn [ -Cv ] [ -Tdev ] [ -Mdir ] [ -Fdir ] [ file... ]

       It is possible to have whitespace between a command line option and its parameter.

       grn is a preprocessor for including gremlin pictures in groff input.  grn writes to standard output, processing
       only input lines between two that start with .GS and .GE.  Those lines must contain grn commands  (see  below).
       These  commands request a gremlin file, and the picture in that file is converted and placed in the troff input
       stream.  The .GS request may be followed by a C, L, or R to center, left, or right justify  the  whole  gremlin
       picture (default justification is center).  If no file is mentioned, the standard input is read.  At the end of
       the picture, the position on the page is the bottom of the gremlin picture.  If the grn entry is ended with .GF
       instead of .GE, the position is left at the top of the picture.

       Please note that currently only the -me macro package has support for .GS, .GE, and .GF.

       The following command-line options are understood:

       -Tdev  Prepare output for printer dev.  The default device is ps.  See groff(1) for acceptable devices.

       -Mdir  Prepend  dir to the default search path for gremlin files.  The default path is (in that order) the cur-
              rent  directory,  the  home  directory,  /usr/lib64/groff/site-tmac,   /usr/share/groff/site-tmac,   and

       -Fdir  Search  dir  for  subdirectories  devname  (name is the name of the device) for the DESC file before the
              default font directories /usr/share/groff/site-font, /usr/share/groff/, and  /usr/lib/font.

       -C     Recognize .GS and .GE (and .GF) even when followed by a character other than space or newline.

       -v     Print the version number.

       Each input line between .GS and .GE may have one grn command.  Commands consist of one or two strings separated
       by white space, the first string being the command and the second its operand.  Commands may be upper or  lower
       case and abbreviated down to one character.

       Commands  that  affect  a picture's environment (those listed before default, see below) are only in effect for
       the current picture: The environment is reinitialized to the defaults at the start of the  next  picture.   The
       commands are as follows:

       1 N
       2 N
       3 N
       4 N    Set  gremlin's  text size number 1 (2, 3, or 4) to N points.  The default is 12 (16, 24, and 36, respec-

       roman f
       italics f
       bold f
       special f
              Set the roman (italics, bold, or special) font to troff's font f (either a name or number).  The default
              is R (I, B, and S, respectively).

       l f
       stipple f
              Set the stipple font to troff's stipple font f (name or number).  The command stipple may be abbreviated
              down as far as 'st' (to avoid confusion with special).  There is no default for stipples (unless one  is
              set by the default command), and it is invalid to include a gremlin picture with polygons without speci-
              fying a stipple font.

       x N
       scale N
              Magnify the picture (in addition to any default magnification) by N, a floating point number larger than
              zero.  The command scale may be abbreviated down to 'sc'.

       narrow N
       medium N
       thick N
              Set  the  thickness  of  gremlin's narrow (medium and thick, respectively) lines to N times 0.15pt (this
              value can be changed at compile time).  The default is 1.0 (3.0 and  5.0,  respectively),  which  corre-
              sponds  to  0.15pt  (0.45pt  and  0.75pt, respectively).  A thickness value of zero selects the smallest
              available line thickness.  Negative values cause the line thickness to be proportional  to  the  current
              point size.

       pointscale <off/on>
              Scale  text  to match the picture.  Gremlin text is usually printed in the point size specified with the
              commands 1, 2, 3, or 4, regardless of any scaling factors in the picture.  Setting pointscale will cause
              the  point  sizes to scale with the picture (within troff's limitations, of course).  An operand of any-
              thing but off will turn text scaling on.

              Reset the picture environment defaults to the settings in the current picture.  This is meant to be used
              as a global parameter setting mechanism at the beginning of the troff input file, but can be used at any
              time to reset the default settings.

       width N
              Forces the picture to be N inches wide.  This overrides any scaling factors present in the same picture.
              'width 0' is ignored.

       height N
              Forces  picture to be N inches high, overriding other scaling factors.  If both 'width' and 'height' are
              specified the tighter constraint will determine the scale of the picture.  Height and width commands are
              not  saved with a default command.  They will, however, affect point size scaling if that option is set.

       file name
              Get picture from gremlin file name located the current directory (or in the library directory;  see  the
              -M  option above).  If two file commands are given, the second one overrides the first.  If name doesn't
              exist, an error message is reported and processing continues from the .GE line.

       Since grn is a preprocessor, it doesn't know about current indents, point  sizes,  margins,  number  registers,
       etc.   Consequently,  no  troff input can be placed between the .GS and .GE requests.  However, gremlin text is
       now processed by troff, so anything valid in a single line of troff input is valid in a line  of  gremlin  text
       (barring  '.'  directives at the beginning of a line).  Thus, it is possible to have equations within a gremlin
       figure by including in the gremlin file eqn expressions enclosed by previously defined delimiters (e.g.  $$).

       When using grn along with other preprocessors, it is best to run tbl before grn, pic,  and/or  ideal  to  avoid
       overworking tbl.  Eqn should always be run last.

       A  picture  is considered an entity, but that doesn't stop troff from trying to break it up if it falls off the
       end of a page.  Placing the picture between 'keeps' in -me macros will ensure proper placement.

       grn uses troff's number registers g1 through g9 and sets registers g1 and g2 to the width  and  height  of  the
       gremlin  figure  (in device units) before entering the .GS request (this is for those who want to rewrite these

       There exist two distinct gremlin file formats, the original format from the AED graphic terminal  version,  and
       the  SUN  or  X11 version.  An extension to the SUN/X11 version allowing reference points with negative coordi-
       nates is not compatible with the AED version.  As long as a gremlin file does not contain negative coordinates,
       either  format will be read correctly by either version of gremlin or grn.  The other difference to the SUN/X11
       format is the use of names for picture objects (e.g., POLYGON, CURVE) instead of numbers.   Files  representing
       the same picture are shown in Table 1 in each format.

                                            sungremlinfile        gremlinfile
                                            0 240.00 128.00       0 240.00 128.00
                                            CENTCENT              2
                                            240.00 128.00         240.00 128.00
                                            185.00 120.00         185.00 120.00
                                            240.00 120.00         240.00 120.00
                                            296.00 120.00         296.00 120.00
                                            *                     -1.00 -1.00
                                            2 3                   2 3
                                            10 A Triangle         10 A Triangle
                                            POLYGON               6
                                            224.00 416.00         224.00 416.00
                                            96.00 160.00          96.00 160.00
                                            384.00 160.00         384.00 160.00
                                            *                     -1.00 -1.00
                                            5 1                   5 1
                                            0                     0
                                            -1                    -1

                                                   Table 1. File examples

       ?      The  first line of each gremlin file contains either the string gremlinfile (AED version) or sungremlin-
              file (SUN/X11)

       ?      The second line of the file contains an orientation, and x and y values for a positioning  point,  sepa-
              rated by spaces.  The orientation, either 0 or 1, is ignored by the SUN/X11 version.  0 means that grem-
              lin will display things in horizontal format (drawing area wider than it is tall, with menu across top).
              1  means  that gremlin will display things in vertical format (drawing area taller than it is wide, with
              menu on left side).  x and y are floating point values giving a positioning point to be used  when  this
              file  is read into another file.  The stuff on this line really isn't all that important; a value of ''1
              0.00 0.00'' is suggested.

       ?      The rest of the file consists of zero or more element specifications.  After the last element specifica-
              tion is a line containing the string ''-1''.

       ?      Lines longer than 127 characters are chopped to this limit.

       ?      The first line of each element contains a single decimal number giving the type of the element (AED ver-
              sion) or its ASCII name (SUN/X11 version).  See Table 2.

                                          gremlin File Format - Object Type Specification

                                      AED Number   SUN/X11 Name           Description
                                           0       BOTLEFT        bottom-left-justified text
                                           1       BOTRIGHT       bottom-right-justified text
                                           2       CENTCENT       center-justified text
                                           3       VECTOR         vector
                                           4       ARC            arc
                                           5       CURVE          curve
                                           6       POLYGON        polygon
                                           7       BSPLINE        b-spline
                                           8       BEZIER         Bezier
                                          10       TOPLEFT        top-left-justified text
                                          11       TOPCENT        top-center-justified text
                                          12       TOPRIGHT       top-right-justified text
                                          13       CENTLEFT       left-center-justified text
                                          14       CENTRIGHT      right-center-justified text
                                          15       BOTCENT        bottom-center-justified text

                                                              Table 2.
                                                Type Specifications in gremlin Files

       ?      After the object type comes a variable number of lines, each specifying a point used to display the ele-
              ment.   Each  line  contains  an  x-coordinate and a y-coordinate in floating point format, separated by
              spaces.  The list of points is terminated by a line containing the string ''-1.0 -1.0'' (AED version) or
              a single asterisk, ''*'' (SUN/X11 version).

       ?      After  the points comes a line containing two decimal values, giving the brush and size for the element.
              The brush determines the style in which things are drawn.  For vectors, arcs, and curves there  are  six
              valid brush values:

                                                  1 -       thin dotted lines
                                                  2 -       thin dot-dashed lines
                                                  3 -       thick solid lines
                                                  4 -       thin dashed lines
                                                  5 -       thin solid lines
                                                  6 -       medium solid lines

              For  polygons, one more value, 0, is valid.  It specifies a polygon with an invisible border.  For text,
              the brush selects a font as follows:

                                                1 -       roman (R font in groff)
                                                2 -       italics (I font in groff)
                                                3 -       bold (B font in groff)
                                                4 -       special (S font in groff)

              If you're using grn to run your pictures through groff, the font is really just  a  starting  font:  The
              text  string  can contain formatting sequences like ''\fI'' or ''\d'' which may change the font (as well
              as do many other things).  For text, the size field is a decimal value between 1 and 4.  It selects  the
              size  of  the  font  in which the text will be drawn.  For polygons, this size field is interpreted as a
              stipple number to fill the polygon with.  The number is used to index into a stipple font at print time.

       ?      The  last line of each element contains a decimal number and a string of characters, separated by a sin-
              gle space.  The number is a count of the number of characters in the string.  This information  is  only
              used  for  text elements, and contains the text string.  There can be spaces inside the text.  For arcs,
              curves, and vectors, this line of the element contains the string ''0''.

       gremlin was designed for AEDs, and its coordinates reflect the AED coordinate space.  For vertical pictures, x-
       values range 116 to 511, and y-values from 0 to 483.  For horizontal pictures, x-values range from 0 to 511 and
       y-values range from 0 to 367.  Although you needn't absolutely stick to this range, you'll get best results  if
       you  at least stay in this vicinity.  Also, point lists are terminated by a point of (-1, -1), so you shouldn't
       ever use negative coordinates.  gremlin writes out coordinates using format ''%f1.2'';  it's  probably  a  good
       idea to use the same format if you want to modify the grn code.

       There  is  no longer a restriction on the range of coordinates used to create objects in the SUN/X11 version of
       gremlin.  However, files with negative coordinates will cause problems if displayed on the AED.

       /usr/share/groff/   Device description file for device name.

       gremlin(1), groff(1), pic(1), ideal(1)

       David Slattengren and Barry Roitblat wrote the original Berkeley grn.

       Daniel Senderowicz and Werner Lemberg modified it for groff.

Groff Version         24 February 2006                         GRN(1)