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GITNAMESPACES(7)                  Git Manual                  GITNAMESPACES(7)



NAME
       gitnamespaces - Git namespaces

SYNOPSIS
       GIT_NAMESPACE=<namespace> git upload-pack
       GIT_NAMESPACE=<namespace> git receive-pack


DESCRIPTION
       Git supports dividing the refs of a single repository into multiple namespaces, each of which has its own
       branches, tags, and HEAD. Git can expose each namespace as an independent repository to pull from and push to,
       while sharing the object store, and exposing all the refs to operations such as git-gc(1).

       Storing multiple repositories as namespaces of a single repository avoids storing duplicate copies of the same
       objects, such as when storing multiple branches of the same source. The alternates mechanism provides similar
       support for avoiding duplicates, but alternates do not prevent duplication between new objects added to the
       repositories without ongoing maintenance, while namespaces do.

       To specify a namespace, set the GIT_NAMESPACE environment variable to the namespace. For each ref namespace,
       git stores the corresponding refs in a directory under refs/namespaces/. For example, GIT_NAMESPACE=foo will
       store refs under refs/namespaces/foo/. You can also specify namespaces via the --namespace option to git(1).

       Note that namespaces which include a / will expand to a hierarchy of namespaces; for example,
       GIT_NAMESPACE=foo/bar will store refs under refs/namespaces/foo/refs/namespaces/bar/. This makes paths in
       GIT_NAMESPACE behave hierarchically, so that cloning with GIT_NAMESPACE=foo/bar produces the same result as
       cloning with GIT_NAMESPACE=foo and cloning from that repo with GIT_NAMESPACE=bar. It also avoids ambiguity with
       strange namespace paths such as foo/refs/heads/, which could otherwise generate directory/file conflicts within
       the refs directory.

       git-upload-pack(1) and git-receive-pack(1) rewrite the names of refs as specified by GIT_NAMESPACE.
       git-upload-pack and git-receive-pack will ignore all references outside the specified namespace.

       The smart HTTP server, git-http-backend(1), will pass GIT_NAMESPACE through to the backend programs; see git-
       http-backend(1) for sample configuration to expose repository namespaces as repositories.

       For a simple local test, you can use git-remote-ext(1):

           git clone ext::?git --namespace=foo %s /tmp/prefixed.git?


SECURITY
       Anyone with access to any namespace within a repository can potentially access objects from any other namespace
       stored in the same repository. You can't directly say "give me object ABCD" if you don't have a ref to it, but
       you can do some other sneaky things like:

        1. Claiming to push ABCD, at which point the server will optimize out the need for you to actually send it.
           Now you have a ref to ABCD and can fetch it (claiming not to have it, of course).

        2. Requesting other refs, claiming that you have ABCD, at which point the server may generate deltas against
           ABCD.

       None of this causes a problem if you only host public repositories, or if everyone who may read one namespace
       may also read everything in every other namespace (for instance, if everyone in an organization has read
       permission to every repository).



Git 1.7.11.3                      08/29/2012                  GITNAMESPACES(7)