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GIT-RECEIVE-PACK(1)               Git Manual               GIT-RECEIVE-PACK(1)



NAME
       git-receive-pack - Receive what is pushed into the repository

SYNOPSIS
       git-receive-pack <directory>


DESCRIPTION
       Invoked by git send-pack and updates the repository with the information fed from the remote end.

       This command is usually not invoked directly by the end user. The UI for the protocol is on the git send-pack
       side, and the program pair is meant to be used to push updates to remote repository. For pull operations, see
       git-fetch-pack(1).

       The command allows for creation and fast-forwarding of sha1 refs (heads/tags) on the remote end (strictly
       speaking, it is the local end git-receive-pack runs, but to the user who is sitting at the send-pack end, it is
       updating the remote. Confused?)

       There are other real-world examples of using update and post-update hooks found in the Documentation/howto
       directory.

       git-receive-pack honours the receive.denyNonFastForwards config option, which tells it if updates to a ref
       should be denied if they are not fast-forwards.

OPTIONS
       <directory>
           The repository to sync into.

PRE-RECEIVE HOOK
       Before any ref is updated, if $GIT_DIR/hooks/pre-receive file exists and is executable, it will be invoked once
       with no parameters. The standard input of the hook will be one line per ref to be updated:

           sha1-old SP sha1-new SP refname LF

       The refname value is relative to $GIT_DIR; e.g. for the master head this is "refs/heads/master". The two sha1
       values before each refname are the object names for the refname before and after the update. Refs to be created
       will have sha1-old equal to 0{40}, while refs to be deleted will have sha1-new equal to 0{40}, otherwise
       sha1-old and sha1-new should be valid objects in the repository.

       This hook is called before any refname is updated and before any fast-forward checks are performed.

       If the pre-receive hook exits with a non-zero exit status no updates will be performed, and the update,
       post-receive and post-update hooks will not be invoked either. This can be useful to quickly bail out if the
       update is not to be supported.

UPDATE HOOK
       Before each ref is updated, if $GIT_DIR/hooks/update file exists and is executable, it is invoked once per ref,
       with three parameters:

           $GIT_DIR/hooks/update refname sha1-old sha1-new

       The refname parameter is relative to $GIT_DIR; e.g. for the master head this is "refs/heads/master". The two
       sha1 arguments are the object names for the refname before and after the update. Note that the hook is called
       before the refname is updated, so either sha1-old is 0{40} (meaning there is no such ref yet), or it should
       match what is recorded in refname.

       The hook should exit with non-zero status if it wants to disallow updating the named ref. Otherwise it should
       exit with zero.

       Successful execution (a zero exit status) of this hook does not ensure the ref will actually be updated, it is
       only a prerequisite. As such it is not a good idea to send notices (e.g. email) from this hook. Consider using
       the post-receive hook instead.

POST-RECEIVE HOOK
       After all refs were updated (or attempted to be updated), if any ref update was successful, and if
       $GIT_DIR/hooks/post-receive file exists and is executable, it will be invoked once with no parameters. The
       standard input of the hook will be one line for each successfully updated ref:

           sha1-old SP sha1-new SP refname LF

       The refname value is relative to $GIT_DIR; e.g. for the master head this is "refs/heads/master". The two sha1
       values before each refname are the object names for the refname before and after the update. Refs that were
       created will have sha1-old equal to 0{40}, while refs that were deleted will have sha1-new equal to 0{40},
       otherwise sha1-old and sha1-new should be valid objects in the repository.

       Using this hook, it is easy to generate mails describing the updates to the repository. This example script
       sends one mail message per ref listing the commits pushed to the repository:

           #!/bin/sh
           # mail out commit update information.
           while read oval nval ref
           do
                   if expr "$oval" : ?0*$? >/dev/null
                   then
                           echo "Created a new ref, with the following commits:"
                           git rev-list --pretty "$nval"
                   else
                           echo "New commits:"
                           git rev-list --pretty "$nval" "^$oval"
                   fi |
                   mail -s "Changes to ref $ref" commit-list@mydomain
           done
           exit 0

       The exit code from this hook invocation is ignored, however a non-zero exit code will generate an error
       message.

       Note that it is possible for refname to not have sha1-new when this hook runs. This can easily occur if another
       user modifies the ref after it was updated by git-receive-pack, but before the hook was able to evaluate it. It
       is recommended that hooks rely on sha1-new rather than the current value of refname.

POST-UPDATE HOOK
       After all other processing, if at least one ref was updated, and if $GIT_DIR/hooks/post-update file exists and
       is executable, then post-update will be called with the list of refs that have been updated. This can be used
       to implement any repository wide cleanup tasks.

       The exit code from this hook invocation is ignored; the only thing left for git-receive-pack to do at that
       point is to exit itself anyway.

       This hook can be used, for example, to run git update-server-info if the repository is packed and is served via
       a dumb transport.

           #!/bin/sh
           exec git update-server-info

SEE ALSO
       git-send-pack(1), gitnamespaces(7)

GIT
       Part of the git(1) suite



Git 1.7.11.3                      08/29/2012               GIT-RECEIVE-PACK(1)