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GIT-MERGE-INDEX(1)                Git Manual                GIT-MERGE-INDEX(1)

       git-merge-index - Run a merge for files needing merging

       git merge-index [-o] [-q] <merge-program> (-a | [--] <file>*)

       This looks up the <file>(s) in the index and, if there are any merge entries, passes the SHA1 hash for those
       files as arguments 1, 2, 3 (empty argument if no file), and <file> as argument 4. File modes for the three
       files are passed as arguments 5, 6 and 7.

           Do not interpret any more arguments as options.

           Run merge against all files in the index that need merging.

           Instead of stopping at the first failed merge, do all of them in one shot - continue with merging even when
           previous merges returned errors, and only return the error code after all the merges.

           Do not complain about a failed merge program (a merge program failure usually indicates conflicts during
           the merge). This is for porcelains which might want to emit custom messages.

       If git merge-index is called with multiple <file>s (or -a) then it processes them in turn only stopping if
       merge returns a non-zero exit code.

       Typically this is run with a script calling git's imitation of the merge command from the RCS package.

       A sample script called git merge-one-file is included in the distribution.

       ALERT ALERT ALERT! The git "merge object order" is different from the RCS merge program merge object order. In
       the above ordering, the original is first. But the argument order to the 3-way merge program merge is to have
       the original in the middle. Don't ask me why.


           torvalds@ppc970:~/merge-test> git merge-index cat MM
           This is MM from the original tree.                    # original
           This is modified MM in the branch A.                  # merge1
           This is modified MM in the branch B.                  # merge2
           This is modified MM in the branch B.                  # current contents


           torvalds@ppc970:~/merge-test> git merge-index cat AA MM
           cat: : No such file or directory
           This is added AA in the branch A.
           This is added AA in the branch B.
           This is added AA in the branch B.
           fatal: merge program failed

       where the latter example shows how git merge-index will stop trying to merge once anything has returned an
       error (i.e., cat returned an error for the AA file, because it didn't exist in the original, and thus git
       merge-index didn't even try to merge the MM thing).

       Part of the git(1) suite

Git                      08/29/2012                GIT-MERGE-INDEX(1)