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GETRUSAGE(2)               Linux Programmer's Manual              GETRUSAGE(2)

       getrusage - get resource usage

       #include <sys/time.h>
       #include <sys/resource.h>

       int getrusage(int who, struct rusage *usage);

       getrusage() returns resource usage measures for who, which can be one of the following:

              Return  resource  usage  statistics  for  the calling process, which is the sum of resources used by all
              threads in the process.

              Return resource usage statistics for all children of the calling process that have terminated  and  been
              waited  for.   These  statistics  will  include the resources used by grandchildren, and further removed
              descendants, if all of the intervening descendants waited on their terminated children.

       RUSAGE_THREAD (since Linux 2.6.26)
              Return resource usage statistics for the calling thread.

       The resource usages are returned in the structure pointed to by usage, which has the following form:

           struct rusage {
               struct timeval ru_utime; /* user time used */
               struct timeval ru_stime; /* system time used */
               long   ru_maxrss;        /* maximum resident set size */
               long   ru_ixrss;         /* integral shared memory size */
               long   ru_idrss;         /* integral unshared data size */
               long   ru_isrss;         /* integral unshared stack size */
               long   ru_minflt;        /* page reclaims */
               long   ru_majflt;        /* page faults */
               long   ru_nswap;         /* swaps */
               long   ru_inblock;       /* block input operations */
               long   ru_oublock;       /* block output operations */
               long   ru_msgsnd;        /* messages sent */
               long   ru_msgrcv;        /* messages received */
               long   ru_nsignals;      /* signals received */
               long   ru_nvcsw;         /* voluntary context switches */
               long   ru_nivcsw;        /* involuntary context switches */

       On success, zero is returned.  On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.

       EFAULT usage points outside the accessible address space.

       EINVAL who is invalid.

       SVr4, 4.3BSD.  POSIX.1-2001 specifies getrusage(), but only specifies the fields ru_utime and ru_stime.

       RUSAGE_THREAD is Linux-specific.

       Resource usage metrics are preserved across an execve(2).

       Including <sys/time.h> is not required these days, but  increases  portability.   (Indeed,  struct  timeval  is
       defined in <sys/time.h>.)

       In Linux kernel versions before 2.6.9, if the disposition of SIGCHLD is set to SIG_IGN then the resource usages
       of child processes are automatically included in the value returned by RUSAGE_CHILDREN,  although  POSIX.1-2001
       explicitly prohibits this.  This non-conformance is rectified in Linux 2.6.9 and later.

       The  structure definition shown at the start of this page was taken from 4.3BSD Reno.  Not all fields are mean-
       ingful under Linux.  In Linux 2.4 only the fields ru_utime, ru_stime, ru_minflt, and ru_majflt are  maintained.
       Since Linux 2.6, ru_nvcsw and ru_nivcsw are also maintained.

       See also the description of /proc/PID/stat in proc(5).

       clock_gettime(2), getrlimit(2), times(2), wait(2), wait4(2), clock(3)

       This  page  is part of release 3.22 of the Linux man-pages project.  A description of the project, and informa-
       tion about reporting bugs, can be found at

Linux                             2008-10-06                      GETRUSAGE(2)