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GETFACL(1)                   Access Control Lists                   GETFACL(1)



NAME
       getfacl - get file access control lists

SYNOPSIS
       getfacl [-aceEsRLPtpndvh] file ...

       getfacl [-aceEsRLPtpndvh] -


DESCRIPTION
       For each file, getfacl displays the file name, owner, the group, and the Access Control List (ACL). If a direc-
       tory has a default ACL, getfacl also displays the default ACL. Non-directories cannot have default ACLs.

       If getfacl is used on a file system that does not support ACLs, getfacl displays the access permissions defined
       by the traditional file mode permission bits.

       The output format of getfacl is as follows:
               1:  # file: somedir/
               2:  # owner: lisa
               3:  # group: staff
               4:  # flags: -s-
               5:  user::rwx
               6:  user:joe:rwx               #effective:r-x
               7:  group::rwx                 #effective:r-x
               8:  group:cool:r-x
               9:  mask::r-x
              10:  other::r-x
              11:  default:user::rwx
              12:  default:user:joe:rwx       #effective:r-x
              13:  default:group::r-x
              14:  default:mask::r-x
              15:  default:other::---


       Lines 1--3 indicate the file name, owner, and owning group.

       Line  4  indicates  the setuid (s), setgid (s), and sticky (t) bits: either the letter representing the bit, or
       else a dash (-). This line is included if any of those bits is set and left out otherwise, so it  will  not  be
       shown for most files. (See CONFORMANCE TO POSIX 1003.1e DRAFT STANDARD 17 below.)

       Lines  5, 7 and 10 correspond to the user, group and other fields of the file mode permission bits. These three
       are called the base ACL entries. Lines 6 and 8 are named user and named group entries. Line 9 is the  effective
       rights  mask.  This entry limits the effective rights granted to all groups and to named users. (The file owner
       and others permissions are not affected by the effective rights mask; all other  entries  are.)   Lines  11--15
       display the default ACL associated with this directory. Directories may have a default ACL. Regular files never
       have a default ACL.

       The default behavior for getfacl is to display both the ACL and the default ACL, and to  include  an  effective
       rights comment for lines where the rights of the entry differ from the effective rights.

       If output is to a terminal, the effective rights comment is aligned to column 40. Otherwise, a single tab char-
       acter separates the ACL entry and the effective rights comment.

       The ACL listings of multiple files are separated by blank lines.  The output of getfacl can  also  be  used  as
       input to setfacl.


   PERMISSIONS
       Process  with  search access to a file (i.e., processes with read access to the containing directory of a file)
       are also granted read access to the file's ACLs.  This is analogous to the permissions required  for  accessing
       the file mode.


   OPTIONS
       -a, --access
           Display the file access control list.

       -d, --default
           Display the default access control list.

       -c, --omit-header
           Do not display the comment header (the first three lines of each file's output).

       -e, --all-effective
           Print all effective rights comments, even if identical to the rights defined by the ACL entry.

       -E, --no-effective
           Do not print effective rights comments.

       -s, --skip-base
           Skip files that only have the base ACL entries (owner, group, others).

       -R, --recursive
           List the ACLs of all files and directories recursively.

       -L, --logical
           Logical  walk,  follow symbolic links to directories. The default behavior is to follow symbolic link argu-
           ments, and skip symbolic links encountered in subdirectories.  Only effective in combination with -R.

       -P, --physical
           Physical walk, do not follow symbolic links to directories. This also skips symbolic link arguments.   Only
           effective in combination with -R.

       -t, --tabular
           Use  an  alternative tabular output format. The ACL and the default ACL are displayed side by side. Permis-
           sions that are ineffective due to the ACL mask entry are displayed capitalized. The entry tag names for the
           ACL_USER_OBJ and ACL_GROUP_OBJ entries are also displayed in capital letters, which helps in spotting those
           entries.

       -p, --absolute-names
           Do not strip leading slash characters ('/'). The default behavior is to strip leading slash characters.

       -n, --numeric
           List numeric user and group IDs

       -v, --version
           Print the version of getfacl and exit.

       -h, --help
           Print help explaining the command line options.

       --  End of command line options. All remaining parameters are interpreted as file names,  even  if  they  start
           with a dash character.

       -   If the file name parameter is a single dash character, getfacl reads a list of files from standard input.


CONFORMANCE TO POSIX 1003.1e DRAFT STANDARD 17
       If  the environment variable POSIXLY_CORRECT is defined, the default behavior of getfacl changes in the follow-
       ing ways: Unless otherwise specified, only the ACL is printed. The default ACL is only printed if the -d option
       is  given.  If  no  command line parameter is given, getfacl behaves as if it was invoked as ''getfacl -''.  No
       flags comments indicating the setuid, setgit, and sticky bits are generated.

AUTHOR
       Andreas Gruenbacher, <a.gruenbacherATbestbits.at>.

       Please send your bug reports and comments to the above address.

SEE ALSO
       setfacl(1), acl(5)



May 2000                      ACL File Utilities                    GETFACL(1)