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FreeTDS(May 14, 2011)                                    FreeTDS(May 14, 2011)

       freebcp - bulk loading utility for Sybase and Microsoft databases

       freebcp [[database.]owner.]object_name {in | [query]out} datafile
       { -c | -n | -f formatfile }
       [-b batchsize] [-F firstrow] [-L lastrow] [-e errfile]
       [-I interfaces] [-m maxerrors] [-t field_term] [-r row_term]
       [-h hints] [-T textsize] [-A packet_size] [-O options]
       [-S servername] [-U username] [-P password] [-EdVv]

       freebcp is a utility program distributed with FreeTDS.  freebcp replicates (in part at least) the functionality
       of the "bcp" utility programs distributed by Sybase and Microsoft.

       freebcp makes use of the db-lib bcp API provided by FreeTDS. This API is also available to application develop-

       The  manual  pages  or  online help for Sybase or SQL Server can be referenced for more detailed information on
       "bcp" functionality.

              The database of the object being copied.  Optional if the table/view is  in  the  default  database  for

       owner  The owner of the object being copied. Optional if username or the database owner is the owner of the ta-

              Usually, object_name is the name of the database table you wish to access. It can also be a  view  (and,
              subject  to  constraints,  it  is  sometimes  possible to load a view). It can also be an SQL query, cf.
              queryout, below.

       in | [query]out
              The direction of the bulk copy operation. 'in' indicates data are to be copied from a host file  into  a
              database  table;  'out' indicates data are to be copied from a database table to a host file. 'queryout'
              indicates that table_name is in fact a query, rather than a database object. freebcp  will  execute  the
              query  and  write  the  results  to a file. (It is a good idea to have the query return one and only one
              result set.)

              The name of an operating system file.

       -c     The host data file is (or will be) in "character" format, i.e., a text file. Encoding is  determined  by
              the client charset attribute in freetds.conf.

       -n     The host data file is in "native" format.  This is a format that freebcp will be able to process, but is
              not portable or readable.

       -f formatfile
              The format of the host data file is described by formatfile. The layout of formatfile  is  identical  to
              that understood by the Sybase and Microsoft bcp utilities, but is too complicated to describe here.

       -b batchsize
              The  number  of  rows per batch of data copied. Batching applies only when you are bulk copying into the
              database. Each batch of data is effectively 'committed' into the database. The default value for  batch-
              size is 1000.

       -F firstrow
              The first row to copy from the input file or database table. The default is the first row, row 1.

       -L lastrow
              The last row to copy from an input file  or database table. The default is the last row.

       -r row_term
              The  row  terminator  for a character file.  May be more than one character.  Default is newline ('\n').
              Cf. -c, above.

       -t field_term
              The field terminator for character file. Also known as a column delimiter. May be more than one  charac-
              ter.  Default is tab ('\t'). Cf. -c, above.

       -m maxerrors
              Stop after encountering maxerror errors. Default 10.

       -e errfile
              Write errors to error_file. For uploads.  Includes line and column information, and the row data.

       -S servername
              The name of the Database Server to which to connect.

       -U username
              A  database login name. If username is not provided, a domain login is attempted for TDS 7+ connections.

       -P password
              A database password.

       -E     Write the data in datafile to the table's IDENTITY column. Without this flag, the identity data  present
              in the datafile will be ignored, and new IDENTITY values will be generated for the imported rows.

       -d     Turn off any logging. (Unintuitive, perhaps.)

       -O options
              SQL  text to set connection options prior to the bcp operation.  If options is a valid filename, the SQL
              is read from the file instead. Sometimes needed for queryout.  Example: "-O 'SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON'"

       -I interfaces
              The name and location of the  interfaces  file  to  search  when  connecting  to  servername.  Overrides

       -h hints
              Set bcp hints. For valid values, cf. bcp_options() in the FreeTDS Reference Manual.

       -T textsize
              For  text or image columns, set the maximum number of characters to request from the server. Defaults to
              the setting in freetds.conf. If not specified anywhere, defaults to the full size of the data.

       -A packet_size
              Set the size of a TDS packet to packet_size.  Not sure why you would want  to  do  this,  except  as  an

       -v -V  Print the version information and exit.

              default servername

       When  connecting to a Sybase database server, it is required that the TDS 5.0 protocol be used. When connecting
       to a Microsoft SQL Server 2000 database server, the TDS 7.1 protocol is required.

       Theoretically both Sybase and Microsoft support the TDS 4.2 protocol, but in reality  they  implement  the  bcp
       portion  of  TDS  4.2 differently.  FreeTDS has no way of knowing which type of server it's connected to, hence
       TDS protocol 4.2 is not supported.

       freebcp first appeared in FreeTDS 0.60

       The freebcp utility was written by Bill Thompson (

       Currently, there is no support for text data types in freebcp, when SQL Server 2000 is the target database.

FreeTDS Utilities                   0.91RC2              FreeTDS(May 14, 2011)