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FNMATCH(3)                 Linux Programmer's Manual                FNMATCH(3)



NAME
       fnmatch - match filename or pathname

SYNOPSIS
       #include <fnmatch.h>

       int fnmatch(const char *pattern, const char *string, int flags);

DESCRIPTION
       The  fnmatch() function checks whether the string argument matches the pattern argument, which is a shell wild-
       card pattern.

       The flags argument modifies the behavior; it is the bitwise OR of zero or more of the following flags:

       FNM_NOESCAPE
              If this flag is set, treat backslash as an ordinary character, instead of an escape character.

       FNM_PATHNAME
              If this flag is set, match a slash in string only with a slash in pattern and not by an asterisk (*)  or
              a question mark (?) metacharacter, nor by a bracket expression ([]) containing a slash.

       FNM_PERIOD
              If  this  flag  is  set, a leading period in string has to be matched exactly by a period in pattern.  A
              period is considered to be leading if it is the first character in string, or if  both  FNM_PATHNAME  is
              set and the period immediately follows a slash.

       FNM_FILE_NAME
              This is a GNU synonym for FNM_PATHNAME.

       FNM_LEADING_DIR
              If  this flag (a GNU extension) is set, the pattern is considered to be matched if it matches an initial
              segment of string which is followed by a slash.  This flag is mainly for the internal use of  glibc  and
              is only implemented in certain cases.

       FNM_CASEFOLD
              If this flag (a GNU extension) is set, the pattern is matched case-insensitively.

RETURN VALUE
       Zero  if  string  matches  pattern,  FNM_NOMATCH  if there is no match or another non-zero value if there is an
       error.

CONFORMING TO
       POSIX.2.  The FNM_FILE_NAME, FNM_LEADING_DIR, and FNM_CASEFOLD flags are GNU extensions.

SEE ALSO
       sh(1), glob(3), scandir(3), wordexp(3), glob(7)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 3.22 of the Linux man-pages project.  A description of the project,  and  informa-
       tion about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.



GNU                               2000-10-15                        FNMATCH(3)