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FreeTDS(May 14, 2011)                                    FreeTDS(May 14, 2011)

       fisql - interactive SQL shell

       fisql [-e] [-F] [-g] [-p] [-n] [-v] [-X] [-Y]
        [-a display_charset] [-c cmdend]
        [-D database] [-E editor]
        [-h headers] [-H hostname] [-i inputfile]
        [-I interfaces_file] [-J client_charset]
        [-l login_timeout] [-m errorlevel]
        [-o outputfile]
        [-P password] [-s colseparator] [-S server]
        [-t timeout] [-U username] [-w width]
        [-y sybase_dir] [-z language]

       fisql is very similar to the "isql" utility programs distributed by Sybase and Microsoft. Like them, fisql uses
       the command "go" on a line by itself as a separator between batches.

       -a display_charset
              The client charset name. Not implemented.

       -c cmdend
              Command terminator, defaults to go.

       -D     Database name on the server to use.

       -e     Echo SQL input (usually in outputfile)

       -E editor
              Specify an editor to invoke. Defaults to vi.

       -F     FIPS mode ON. Server returns a message (but processes the query anyway) when it encounters  a  non-stan-
              dard SQL command.

       -g     Display a brief help message

       -h headers
              Number of rows after which to repeat the column headers. Default is once per resultset.

       -H hostname
              Hostname of the client machine as it will be told to the server.

       -I interfaces_file
              Name of the interfaces or freetds.conf file to use.

       -i inputfile
              Name of script file, containing SQL.

       -J client_charset
              Not implemented.

       -l login_timeout
              How long to wait for the server to acknowledge a login attempt.

       -m errorlevel
              For  errors  of  the severity level specified or higher, print only the message number, state, and error
              level.  Below that level, print nothing.

       -n     Suppress line numbers in echoed output.

       -o outputfile
              Name of output file, holding result data.

       -p     Prints performance statistics. Not implemented.

       -P password
              Database server password.

       -s colseparator
              The column separator. Default is space. Shell metacharacters require quoting.

       -S server
              Database server to which to connect.

       -t timeout
              The query timeout, in seconds. How long to wait for a query to be processed.   The  default  is  indefi-
              nitely, or as determined by freetds.conf.

       -U username
              Database server login name.

       -v     Display version and copyright.

       -w width
              How many characters wide to print the output. Defaults to 80.

       -X     Use encrypted login. Not implemented in FreeTDS.

       -y sybase_dir
              Sets the SYBASE environment variable. Not used by FreeTDS.

       -Y     Use chained transactions.

       -z language
              Name of a language for fisql's prompts and messages.  Cf. DBSETLNATLANG.

       fisql  is  a  filter;  it  reads  from standard input, writes to standard output, and writes errors to standard
       error. The -i, -o, and -e options override these, of course.

       fisql uses the db-lib API provided by FreeTDS. It was first implemented using Sybase's own library and  contin-
       ues  to  work  with  it.  Before (and after) modifying it, it would be well to test it with Sybase's library to
       assure compatibility between it and FreeTDS.

       fisql exits 0 on success, and >0 if the server cannot process the query.

       fisql will report any errors returned by the server, but will continue processing. In a production environment,
       this  behavior  may  be insufficiently stringent. To make it extremely intolerant of errors, change the message
       and error handlers to call exit(3).

       fisql first appeared in FreeTDS 0.65.

       The fisql utility was written by Nicholas S.  Castellano  <>,  who  contributed  it  to  the
       FreeTDS project under the terms of the GPL.

       Requires the GNU readline library.

FreeTDS Utilities                   0.91RC2              FreeTDS(May 14, 2011)