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filetest(3)            Perl Programmers Reference Guide            filetest(3)

       filetest - Perl pragma to control the filetest permission operators

           $can_perhaps_read = -r "file";      # use the mode bits
               use filetest 'access';          # intuit harder
               $can_really_read = -r "file";
           $can_perhaps_read = -r "file";      # use the mode bits again

       This pragma tells the compiler to change the behaviour of the filetest permission operators, "-r" "-w" "-x"
       "-R" "-W" "-X" (see perlfunc).

       The default behaviour is to use the mode bits as returned by the stat() family of calls.  This, however, may
       not be the right thing to do if for example various ACL (access control lists) schemes are in use.  For such
       environments, "use filetest" may help the permission operators to return results more consistent with other

       Each "use filetest" or "no filetest" affects statements to the end of the enclosing block.

       There may be a slight performance decrease in the filetests when "use filetest" is in effect, because in some
       systems the extended functionality needs to be emulated.

       NOTE: using the file tests for security purposes is a lost cause from the start: there is a window open for
       race conditions (who is to say that the permissions will not change between the test and the real operation?).
       Therefore if you are serious about security, just try the real operation and test for its success - think in
       terms of atomic operations.

       subpragma access

       Currently only one subpragma, "access" is implemented.  It enables (or disables) the use of access() or similar
       system calls.  This extended filetest functionality is used only when the argument of the operators is a file-
       name, not when it is a filehandle.

perl v5.8.8                       2001-09-21                       filetest(3)