Command:

EXPM1(3) Linux Programmer's Manual EXPM1(3)NAMEexpm1, expm1f, expm1l - exponential minus 1SYNOPSIS#include<math.h>doubleexpm1(doublex);floatexpm1f(floatx);longdoubleexpm1l(longdoublex);Link with-lm. Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):expm1(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 || _ISOC99_SOURCE; orcc-std=c99expm1f(),expm1l(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE; orcc-std=c99DESCRIPTIONexpm1(x)returns a value equivalent to exp(x) - 1 It is computed in a way that is accurate even if the value ofxis near zero--a case whereexp(x)-1would be inaccurate due to subtraction of two numbers that are nearly equal.RETURNVALUEOn success, these functions returnexp(x)-1. Ifxis a NaN, a NaN is returned. Ifxis +0 (-0), +0 (-0) is returned. Ifxis positive infinity, positive infinity is returned. Ifxis negative infinity, -1 is returned. If the result overflows, a range error occurs, and the functions return -HUGE_VAL, -HUGE_VALF, or -HUGE_VALL, respectively.ERRORSSee math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these func- tions. The following errors can occur: Range error, overflow An overflow floating-point exception (FE_OVERFLOW) is raised. These functions do not seterrno.CONFORMINGTOC99, POSIX.1-2001.BUGSFor some large negativexvalues (where the function result approaches -1),expm1() raises a bogus underflow floating-point exception. For some large positivexvalues,expm1() raises a bogus invalid floating-point exception in addition to the expected overflow exception, and returns a NaN instead of positive infinity.SEEALSOexp(3), log(3), log1p(3)COLOPHONThis page is part of release 3.22 of the Linuxman-pagesproject. A description of the project, and informa- tion about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/. 2008-08-05 EXPM1(3)