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dvipdfm(1)                                                          dvipdfm(1)

       dvipdfm - Produce PDF files directly from DVI files

       dvipdfm [options] file[.dvi]

       The  program  dvipdfm  generates  a PDF file from a DVI file.  DVI files are the output format produced by TeX.
       Output from groff can be converted to DVI format using grodvi.

       The program dvipdfm recognizes several commonly used \special commands, which are extensions to the DVI format.
       Specifically,  it understands color specials, papersize specials, tpic specials (which allow it to be used with
       pic), hypertex specials, and some PostScript specials.  These extensions allow documents to contain color, fig-
       ures,  and  hyperlinks.   The program tries to mimic the behavior of dvips so that many macro packages produced
       for use with dvips will work with dvipdfm.  Dvipdfm understands its own specific  \special  commands  to  allow
       access to PDF features such as annotations and bookmarks.  For more details, consult the Dvipdfm User's Manual,
       which is distributed with dvipdfm.

       -c   Ignore color \specials.  The -c toggles a flag that disables color \special processing.  Unless changed in
            the configuration file, that flag is off, and color \specials are interpreted normally.  The -c option may
            be used to produce a black and white document from a document containing color TeX \special commands.

       -d   Remove thumbnail images after including them.  (See the -t option for more information.)

       -e   Toggle partial font embedding flag.  If partial font embedding is off, embedded fonts are fully  embedded.
            The  default, if not changed in the configuration file, is to embed only those glyphs actually used in the

       -f map_file
            Set the name of the font map file to map_file.  The format of the font  map  file  is  documented  in  the
            Dvipdfm User's Manual.

       -l   Select landscape mode.  In other words, exchange the x and y dimensions of the paper.

       -m  mag
            Magnify the input document by mag.

       -o  name
            Generate PDF output file having the name name.  By default, the name of the output file is file.pdf.

       -p  paper
            Select the papersize by name (e.g., letter, legal, ledger, tabloid, a3, a4, or a5 )

       -r  size
            Set  resolution  of  bitmapped fonts to size dots per inch.  Bitmapped fonts are generated by the Kpathsea
            library, which uses MetaFont.  Bitmapped fonts are included as type 3 fonts in the PDF output file.

       -s  page_specifications
            Select the pages of the DVI file to be converted.  The page_specifications consists of a  comma  separated
            list of page_ranges:

                 page_specifications := page_specification[,page_specifications]


                 page_specification := single_page|page_range

                 page_range := [first_page]-[last_page]

            An empty first_page is implied to be the first page of the DVI file.  An empty last_page is treated as the
            last page of the DVI file.


            -s 1,3,5
                 includes pages 1, 3, and 5;

            -s - includes all pages;

            -s -,-
                 includes two copies of all pages in the DVI file; and

            -s 1-10
                 includes the first ten pages of the DVI file.

       -t   Search for thumbnail images of each page in the directory named by  the  TMP  environment  variable.   The
            thumbnail  images  must  be named in a specific format.  They must have the same base name as the DVI file
            and they must have the page number as the extension to the file  name.   Dvipdfm  does  not  generate  the
            thumbnails itself, but it is distributed with a wrapper program named dvipdft that does so.

       -v   Increase  verbosity.   Results of the -v option are cumulative (e.g., -vv ) increases the verbosity by two

       -x x_offset
            Set the left margin to x_offset.  The default left margin is 1.0in.  The dimension may be specified in any
            units understood by TeX (e.g., bpt, pt, in, cm )

       -y y_offset
            Set  the  top margin to y_offset.  The default top margin is 1.0in.  The dimension may be specified in any
            units understood by TeX (e.g., bpt, pt, in, cm )

       -z compression_level
            Set the compression level to compression_level.  Compressions levels range from 0 (no  compression)  to  9
            (maximum compression) and correspond to the values understood by zlib.

       Dvipdfm uses the kpathsea library for locating the files that it opens.  Hence, the environment variables docu-
       mented in the Kpathsea library documentation influence dvipdfm.

       Dvipdfm also reads the following environment variables:

       TMP  The directory to search for thumbnail images of each page.

       The precise location of the following files is determined by the Kpathsea library configuration.  The  location
       may be determined by using kpsewhich, e.g.,
       kpsewhich -progname=dvipdfm -format='other text files' config

            Startup options
            The default font map file (this name may be changed in the config file).

            TeX font metrics

       *.vf TeX virtual font files

            PostScript Type 1 font files

            The Kpathsea library configuration file.  The location of this file may be found by typing
            kpsewhich texmf.cnf

       tex(1), dvips(1), groff(1), grodvi(1), pic(1), and the Kpathsea library info documentation.

       Mark A. Wicks <>

                                   5/28/2001                        dvipdfm(1)