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DU(1)                            User Commands                           DU(1)



NAME
       du - estimate file space usage

SYNOPSIS
       du [OPTION]... [FILE]...
       du [OPTION]... --files0-from=F

DESCRIPTION
       Summarize disk usage of each FILE, recursively for directories.

       Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.

       -a, --all
              write counts for all files, not just directories

       --apparent-size
              print  apparent  sizes, rather than disk usage; although the apparent size is usually smaller, it may be
              larger due to holes in ('sparse') files, internal fragmentation, indirect blocks, and the like

       -B, --block-size=SIZE
              use SIZE-byte blocks

       -b, --bytes
              equivalent to '--apparent-size --block-size=1'

       -c, --total
              produce a grand total

       -D, --dereference-args
              dereference only symlinks that are listed on the command line

       --files0-from=F
              summarize disk usage of the NUL-terminated file names specified in file F; If F is  -  then  read  names
              from standard input

       -H     equivalent to --dereference-args (-D)

       -h, --human-readable
              print sizes in human readable format (e.g., 1K 234M 2G)

       --si   like -h, but use powers of 1000 not 1024

       -k     like --block-size=1K

       -l, --count-links
              count sizes many times if hard linked

       -m     like --block-size=1M

       -L, --dereference
              dereference all symbolic links

       -P, --no-dereference
              don't follow any symbolic links (this is the default)

       -0, --null
              end each output line with 0 byte rather than newline

       -S, --separate-dirs
              do not include size of subdirectories

       -s, --summarize
              display only a total for each argument

       -x, --one-file-system
              skip directories on different file systems

       -X, --exclude-from=FILE
              exclude files that match any pattern in FILE

       --exclude=PATTERN
              exclude files that match PATTERN

       --max-depth=N
              print  the total for a directory (or file, with --all) only if it is N or fewer levels below the command
              line argument;  --max-depth=0 is the same as --summarize

       --time show time of the last modification of any file in the directory, or any of its subdirectories

       --time=WORD
              show time as WORD instead of modification time: atime, access, use, ctime or status

       --time-style=STYLE
              show times using style STYLE: full-iso, long-iso, iso, +FORMAT FORMAT is interpreted like 'date'

       --help display this help and exit

       --version
              output version information and exit

       Display values are in units of the first available SIZE from --block-size, and  the  DU_BLOCK_SIZE,  BLOCK_SIZE
       and  BLOCKSIZE  environment  variables.   Otherwise,  units default to 1024 bytes (or 512 if POSIXLY_CORRECT is
       set).

       SIZE may be (or may be an integer optionally followed by) one of following: KB 1000, K 1024,  MB  1000*1000,  M
       1024*1024, and so on for G, T, P, E, Z, Y.

PATTERNS
       PATTERN  is  a  shell  pattern (not a regular expression).  The pattern ?  matches any one character, whereas *
       matches any string (composed of zero, one or multiple characters).  For example, *.o will match any files whose
       names end in .o.  Therefore, the command

              du --exclude='*.o'

       will skip all files and subdirectories ending in .o (including the file .o itself).

AUTHOR
       Written by Torbjorn Granlund, David MacKenzie, Paul Eggert, and Jim Meyering.

REPORTING BUGS
       Report du bugs to bug-coreutilsATgnu.org
       GNU coreutils home page: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>;
       General help using GNU software: <http://www.gnu.org/gethelp/>;
       Report du translation bugs to <http://translationproject.org/team/>;

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright   (C)   2010   Free   Software   Foundation,   Inc.   License  GPLv3+:  GNU  GPL  version  3  or  later
       <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>;.
       This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.  There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permit-
       ted by law.

SEE ALSO
       The  full  documentation  for  du  is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If the info and du programs are properly
       installed at your site, the command

              info coreutils 'du invocation'

       should give you access to the complete manual.



GNU coreutils 8.4                 March 2017                             DU(1)