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DOVEADM-USER(1)                     Dovecot                    DOVEADM-USER(1)

       doveadm-user - Perform a user lookup in Dovecot's userdbs

       doveadm [-Dv] user [-a userdb_socket_path] [-f field] [-u] [-x auth_info] user ...

       The user command is used to perform a user lookup - to show what information Dovecot sees about the user(s), or
       if it exists at all in the configured userdb(s).

       The auth_info may be useful when the userdb is for example a SQL database and you are using %variables, like %s
       or %l, in the user_query setting.  Or when you have configured the userdb in a way like this:

       userdb {
         driver = passwd-file
         args = /etc/%s.passwd

       Global doveadm(1) options:

       -D     Enables verbosity and debug messages.

       -o setting=value
              Overrides  the  configuration  setting from /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf and from the userdb with the given
              value.  In order to override multiple settings, the -o option may be specified multiple times.

       -v     Enables verbosity, including progress counter.

       Command specific options:

       -a userdb_socket_path
              This option is used to specify an absolute path to an alternative UNIX domain socket.

              By default doveadm(1) will use the socket /var/run/dovecot/auth-userdb.  The socket may  be  located  in
              another directory, when the default base_dir setting was overridden in /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf.

       -f field
              When  this  option  and  the name of a userdb field is given, doveadm(1) will show only the value of the
              specified field.

       -u     When this option is given, doveadm(1) will only show values from the userdb.  Without  -u  parameter  if
              any  of the uid, gid, home or mail fields are missing, their defaults are taken from configuration file.

       -x auth_info
              auth_info specifies additional conditions for the user command.  The auth_info option string has  to  be
              given as name=value pair.  For multiple conditions the -x option could be supplied multiple times.
              Possible names for the auth_info are:

                     The  service  for  which the userdb lookup should be tested.  The value may be the name of a ser-
                     vice, commonly used with Dovecot.  For example: imap, pop3 or smtp.

              lip    The local IP address (server) for the test.

              rip    The remote IP address (client) for the test.

              lport  The local port, e.g. 143

              rport  The remote port, e.g. 24567

       user   Is a user's login name.  Depending on the configuration, a  login  name  may  be  for  example  jane  or
      It's also possible to use '*' and '?' wildcards (e.g. -u *

       Perform a user lookup for the users jane and

       doveadm user jane
       userdb: jane
         uid       : 8001
         gid       : 8001
         home      : /home/jane
         mail      : sdbox:~/sdbox
         plugins   : sieve
         quota_rule: *:storage=150M

         home      : /srv/mail/8/70312/79832
         uid       : 79832
         gid       : 70312
         mail      : mdbox:~/mdbox

       The next example shows a user lookup, using wildcards.

       doveadm user *.?

       Report  bugs,  including  doveconf  -n  output, to the Dovecot Mailing List <>.  Information
       about reporting bugs is available at:


Dovecot v2.2                      2013-11-23                   DOVEADM-USER(1)