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DOVEADM-INDEX(1)                    Dovecot                   DOVEADM-INDEX(1)

       doveadm-index - Index mailboxes

       doveadm [-Dv] index [-S socket_path] [-q] [-n max_recent] mailbox
       doveadm [-Dv] index [-S socket_path] -A [-q] [-n max_recent] mailbox
       doveadm [-Dv] index [-S socket_path] -F file [-q] [-n max_recent] mailbox
       doveadm [-Dv] index [-S socket_path] -u user [-q] [-n max_recent] mailbox

       Add  unindexed  messages in a mailbox into index/cache file. If full text search is enabled, also add unindexed
       messages to the fts database.

       The caching adds only the fields that were previously added to the mailbox's caching decisions, so it won't  do
       anything  useful for mailboxes that user's client hasn't accessed yet. You can use doveadm dump command to show
       a specific mailbox's current caching decisions.

       Messages can also be added automatically to full text search index using:

       plugin {
         fts_autoindex = yes
       in /etc/dovecot/conf.d/90-plugin.conf.

       Global doveadm(1) options:

       -D     Enables verbosity and debug messages.

       -o setting=value
              Overrides the configuration setting from /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf and from the userdb  with  the  given
              value.  In order to override multiple settings, the -o option may be specified multiple times.

       -v     Enables verbosity, including progress counter.

       Command specific options:

       -A     If the -A option is present, the command will be performed for all users.  Using this option in combina-
              tion with system users from userdb { driver = passwd } is not  recommended,  because  it  contains  also
              users with a lower UID than the one configured with the first_valid_uid setting.

              When  the  SQL  userdb  module  is  used  make sure that the iterate_query setting in /etc/dovecot/dove-
              cot-sql.conf.ext matches your database layout.  When using the LDAP userdb module, make  sure  that  the
              iterate_attrs  and iterate_filter settings in /etc/dovecot/dovecot-ldap.conf.ext match your LDAP schema.
              Otherwise doveadm(1) will be unable to iterate over all users.

       -F file
              Execute the command for all the users in the file.  This is similar to the -A  option,  but  instead  of
              getting  the  list  of  users from the userdb, they are read from the given file.  The file contains one
              username per line.

       -n max_recent
              An integer value, which specifies the maximum number of \Recent messages in mailboxes.  If  the  mailbox
              contains more than max_recent messages with \Recent flag set, the mailbox will not be indexed.  This may
              be useful to avoid unnecessary indexing for large mailboxes that are never opened.

       -q     Queues the indexing to be run by indexer process.  Without -q the  indexing  is  done  directly  by  the
              doveadm(1)  process.  Some backends like fts-lucene can't handle multiple processes updating the indexes
              simultaneously, so -q should usually be used on production.

       -S socket_path
              The option's argument is either an absolute path to a local UNIX domain socket, or a hostname  and  port
              (hostname:port), in order to connect a remote host via a TCP socket.

              This allows an administrator to execute doveadm(1) mail commands through the given socket.

       -u user/mask
              Run  the  command  only  for  the  given user.  It's also possible to use '*' and '?' wildcards (e.g. -u
              When neither the -A option, nor the -F file option, nor the -u user was specified, the command  will  be
              executed with the environment of the currently logged in user.

              The name of the mailbox to index.

       Index bob's INBOX:

       doveadm index -u bob INBOX

       Report  bugs,  including  doveconf  -n  output, to the Dovecot Mailing List <>.  Information
       about reporting bugs is available at:


Dovecot v2.2                      2015-05-09                  DOVEADM-INDEX(1)