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DOVEADM-BATCH(1)                    Dovecot                   DOVEADM-BATCH(1)

       doveadm-batch - Execute multiple commands for multiple users

       doveadm [-Dv] batch [-S socket_path] -A sep command sep command [...]
       doveadm [-Dv] batch [-S socket_path] -F file sep command sep command [...]
       doveadm [-Dv] batch [-S socket_path] -u usermask sep command sep command [...]

       The  command  doveadm  batch  is  used to execute multiple doveadm(1) commands sequentially for multiple users.
       This is primarily an optimization where Dovecot can do all the mailbox operations for the same  user  at  once,
       instead of having to go through the users multiple times.

       In  the  first  form doveadm(1) will loop over all users, defined in the configured user_db(s), and execute the
       sequence of commands for each of them.

       In the second form doveadm(1) will loop over all users, listed in the given file.

       In the third form the commands will be executed for each user matching the given usermask.

       Global doveadm(1) options:

       -D     Enables verbosity and debug messages.

       -o setting=value
              Overrides the configuration setting from /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf and from the userdb  with  the  given
              value.  In order to override multiple settings, the -o option may be specified multiple times.

       -v     Enables verbosity, including progress counter.

       Command specific options:

       -A     If the -A option is present, the command will be performed for all users.  Using this option in combina-
              tion with system users from userdb { driver = passwd } is not  recommended,  because  it  contains  also
              users with a lower UID than the one configured with the first_valid_uid setting.

              When  the  SQL  userdb  module  is  used  make sure that the iterate_query setting in /etc/dovecot/dove-
              cot-sql.conf.ext matches your database layout.  When using the LDAP userdb module, make  sure  that  the
              iterate_attrs  and iterate_filter settings in /etc/dovecot/dovecot-ldap.conf.ext match your LDAP schema.
              Otherwise doveadm(1) will be unable to iterate over all users.

       -F file
              Execute the command for all the users in the file.  This is similar to the -A  option,  but  instead  of
              getting  the  list  of  users from the userdb, they are read from the given file.  The file contains one
              username per line.

       -S socket_path
              The option's argument is either an absolute path to a local UNIX domain socket, or a hostname  and  port
              (hostname:port), in order to connect a remote host via a TCP socket.

              This allows an administrator to execute doveadm(1) mail commands through the given socket.

       -u user/mask
              Run  the  command  only  for  the  given user.  It's also possible to use '*' and '?' wildcards (e.g. -u
              When neither the -A option, nor the -F file option, nor the -u user was specified, the command  will  be
              executed with the environment of the currently logged in user.

              Any doveadm(1) command, with arguments and options -- except for the -A, -S and -u options.

       sep    A  single  character used as command separator, e.g. ':'.  Be careful, unquoted characters, like ; or &,
              may be interpreted by your shell and doveadm(1) will never see them.

       In this example we move seen mails, older than one month, for all users to the alternative  storage
       under /nfsmount:
       mail_location = mdbox:~/mdbox:ALT=/nfsmount/%h/mdbox
       The second command will remove messages with refcount=0 from the primary storage.

       doveadm batch -u \* : altmove seen savedbefore 30d : purge

       Report  bugs,  including  doveconf  -n  output, to the Dovecot Mailing List <>.  Information
       about reporting bugs is available at:


Dovecot v2.2                      2015-05-09                  DOVEADM-BATCH(1)