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DDP(7)                     Linux Programmer's Manual                    DDP(7)



NAME
       ddp - Linux AppleTalk protocol implementation

SYNOPSIS
       #include <sys/socket.h>
       #include <netatalk/at.h>

       ddp_socket = socket(AF_APPLETALK, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);
       raw_socket = socket(AF_APPLETALK, SOCK_RAW, protocol);

DESCRIPTION
       Linux  implements  the  Appletalk  protocols  described  in  Inside Appletalk.  Only the DDP layer and AARP are
       present in the kernel.  They are designed to be used via the netatalk protocol libraries.  This page  documents
       the interface for those who wish or need to use the DDP layer directly.

       The  communication  between  Appletalk and the user program works using a BSD-compatible socket interface.  For
       more information on sockets, see socket(7).

       An AppleTalk socket is created by calling the socket(2) function with a AF_APPLETALK  socket  family  argument.
       Valid  socket  types  are  SOCK_DGRAM  to  open a ddp socket or SOCK_RAW to open a raw socket.  protocol is the
       Appletalk protocol to be received or sent.  For SOCK_RAW you must specify ATPROTO_DDP.

       Raw sockets may be only opened by a process with effective user ID 0 or when the process  has  the  CAP_NET_RAW
       capability.

   Address Format
       An  Appletalk socket address is defined as a combination of a network number, a node number, and a port number.

           struct at_addr {
               unsigned short s_net;
               unsigned char  s_node;
           };

           struct sockaddr_atalk {
               sa_family_t    sat_family;    /* address family */
               unsigned char  sat_port;      /* port */
               struct at_addr sat_addr;      /* net/node */
           };

       sat_family is always set to AF_APPLETALK.  sat_port contains the port.  The port numbers below 129 are known as
       reserved ports.  Only processes with the effective user ID 0 or the CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICE capability may bind(2)
       to these sockets.  sat_addr is the host address.  The net member of struct at_addr contains the host network in
       network  byte order.  The value of AT_ANYNET is a wildcard and also implies "this network."  The node member of
       struct at_addr contains the host node number.  The value of AT_ANYNODE is a wildcard  and  also  implies  "this
       node." The value of ATADDR_BCAST is a link local broadcast address.

   Socket Options
       No protocol-specific socket options are supported.

   /proc interfaces
       IP  supports  a  set  of /proc interfaces to configure some global AppleTalk parameters.  The parameters can be
       accessed by reading or writing files in the directory /proc/sys/net/atalk/.

       aarp-expiry-time
              The time interval (in seconds) before an AARP cache entry expires.

       aarp-resolve-time
              The time interval (in seconds) before an AARP cache entry is resolved.

       aarp-retransmit-limit
              The number of retransmissions of an AARP query before the node is declared dead.

       aarp-tick-time
              The timer rate (in seconds) for the timer driving AARP.

       The default values match the specification and should never need to be changed.

   Ioctls
       All ioctls described in socket(7) apply to DDP.

ERRORS
       EACCES The user tried to execute an operation without the necessary permissions.  These include  sending  to  a
              broadcast  address  without having the broadcast flag set, and trying to bind to a reserved port without
              effective user ID 0 or CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICE.

       EADDRINUSE
              Tried to bind to an address already in use.

       EADDRNOTAVAIL
              A nonexistent interface was requested or the requested source address was not local.

       EAGAIN Operation on a non-blocking socket would block.

       EALREADY
              A connection operation on a non-blocking socket is already in progress.

       ECONNABORTED
              A connection was closed during an accept(2).

       EHOSTUNREACH
              No routing table entry matches the destination address.

       EINVAL Invalid argument passed.

       EISCONN
              connect(2) was called on an already connected socket.

       EMSGSIZE
              Datagram is bigger than the DDP MTU.

       ENODEV Network device not available or not capable of sending IP.

       ENOENT SIOCGSTAMP was called on a socket where no packet arrived.

       ENOMEM and ENOBUFS
              Not enough memory available.

       ENOPKG A kernel subsystem was not configured.

       ENOPROTOOPT and EOPNOTSUPP
              Invalid socket option passed.

       ENOTCONN
              The operation is only defined on a connected socket, but the socket wasn't connected.

       EPERM  User doesn't have permission to set high priority, make a configuration change, or send signals  to  the
              requested process or group,

       EPIPE  The connection was unexpectedly closed or shut down by the other end.

       ESOCKTNOSUPPORT
              The socket was unconfigured, or an unknown socket type was requested.

VERSIONS
       Appletalk is supported by Linux 2.0 or higher.  The /proc interfaces exist since Linux 2.2.

NOTES
       Be  very careful with the SO_BROADCAST option - it is not privileged in Linux.  It is easy to overload the net-
       work with careless sending to broadcast addresses.

   Compatibility
       The basic AppleTalk socket interface is compatible with netatalk on BSD-derived systems.  Many BSD systems fail
       to check SO_BROADCAST when sending broadcast frames; this can lead to compatibility problems.

       The raw socket mode is unique to Linux and exists to support the alternative CAP package and AppleTalk monitor-
       ing tools more easily.

BUGS
       There are too many inconsistent error values.

       The ioctls used to configure routing tables, devices, AARP tables and other devices are not yet described.

SEE ALSO
       recvmsg(2), sendmsg(2), capabilities(7), socket(7)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 3.22 of the Linux man-pages project.  A description of the project,  and  informa-
       tion about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.



Linux                             2008-11-20                            DDP(7)