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dccm(8)                   BSD System Manager's Manual                  dccm(8)

NAME
     dccm - Distributed Checksum Clearinghouse Milter Interface

SYNOPSIS
     dccm [-VdbxANPQ] [-G on | off | noIP | IPmask/xx] [-h homedir] [-I user]
          [-p protocol:filename | protocol:port@host] [-m map]
          [-w whiteclnt] [-U userdirs] [-a IGNORE | REJECT | DISCARD]
          [-t type,[log-thold,]rej-thold] [-g [not-]type] [-S header]
          [-l logdir] [-R rundir] [-r rejection-msg] [-j maxjobs] [-B dnsbl-option] [-L ltype,facility.level]

DESCRIPTION
     dccm is a daemon built with the sendmail milter interface intended to connect sendmail(8) to DCC servers.  When
     built with the milter filter machinery and configured to talk to dccm in the sendmail.cf file, sendmail passes
     all email to dccm which in turn reports related checksums to the nearest DCC server.  dccm then adds an X-DCC
     SMTP header line to the message.  Sendmail is told to reject the message if it is unsolicited bulk mail.

     Dccm sends reports of checksums related to mail received by DCC clients and queries about the total number of
     reports of particular checksums.  A DCC server receives no mail, address, headers, or other information, but only
     cryptographically secure checksums of such information.  A DCC server cannot determine the text or other informa-
     tion that corresponds to the checksums it receives.  Its only acts as a clearinghouse of counts for checksums
     computed by clients.  For complete privacy as far as the DCC is concerned, the checksums of purely internal mail
     or other mail that is known to not be unsolicited bulk can be listed in a whitelist to not be reported to the DCC
     server.

     Since the checksums of messages that are whitelisted locally by the /var/dcc/whiteclnt file are not reported to
     the DCC server, dccm knows nothing about the total recipient counts for their checksums and so cannot add X-DCC
     header lines to such messages.  Sendmail does not tell dccm about messages that are not received by sendmail via
     SMTP, including messages submitted locally and received via UUCP, and so they also do not receive X-DCC header
     lines.

     Enable the daemon and put its parameters in the /var/dcc/conf file and start the daemon with the
     /var/dcc/libexec/start-dccm or /var/dcc/libexec/rcDCC scripts.

     The list of servers that dccm contacts is in the memory mapped file /var/dcc/map shared by local DCC clients.
     The file is  maintained with cdcc(8).

   OPTIONS
     The following options are available:

     -V   displays the version of dccm.  Two or more -V options show the options with which it was built.

     -d   enables debugging output from the DCC client software.  Additional -d options increase the number of mes-
          sages.  A single -d logs aborted SMTP transactions including those from some "dictionary attacks."

     -b   causes the daemon to not detach itself from the controlling tty and put itself into the background.

     -x   causes the daemon to try "extra hard" to contact a DCC server.  Since it is usually more important to
          deliver mail than to report its checksums, dccm normally does not delay too long while trying to contact a
          DCC server.  It will not try again for several seconds after a failure.  With -x, it will always try to con-
          tact the DCC server and it will tell the MTA to answer the DATA command with a 4yz temporary failure.

     -A   adds to existing X-DCC headers in the message instead of replacing existing headers of the brand of the cur-
          rent server.

     -N   neither adds, deletes, nor replaces existing X-DCC headers in the message.  Each mail message is logged,
          rejected, and otherwise handled the same.

     -P   The SpamAsassin DCC.pm plugin should watch for "bulk" in X-DCC SMTP header fields, but historically has
          looked for counts of "many".  However, there are situations when dccm knows that a mail message is extremely
          bulky and probably spam.  For example, mail from a sender that is blacklisted in whiteclnt gets an X-DCC
          header that includes bulk.  To acommodate that bug in SpamAssassin, by default whenever dccm generates an X-
          DCC header containing "bulk", it also forces the Body count to "many".  -P turns off that kludge and the
          Body contains the count from the DCC server.

     -Q   only queries the DCC server about the checksums of messages instead of reporting.  This is useful when dccm
          is used to filter mail that has already been reported to a DCC server by another DCC client.  No single mail
          message should be reported to a DCC server more than once per recipient, because each report will increase
          the apparent "bulkness" of the message.

          It is better to use MXDCC lines in the global /var/dcc/whiteclnt file for your MX mail servers that use DCC
          than to use -Q with dccm.

          Do not use -Q except on mail that you know has been reported to a DCC server.  DCC depends on reports of all
          except known private mail and works only because almost no DCC installations use -Q.

     -G on | off | noIP | IPmask/xx
          controls greylisting.  At least one working greylist server must be listed in the /var/dcc/map file.  If
          more than one is named, they must "flood" or change checksums and they must use the same -G parameters.  See
          dccd(8).  Usually all dccm or dccifd DCC client processes use the same -G parameters.

          IPmask/xx and noIP remove part or all of the IP address from the greylist triple.

     -h homedir
          overrides the default DCC home directory, /var/dcc.

     -I user
          specifies the UID and GID of the process.

     -p protocol:filename | protocol:port@host
          specifies the protocol and address by which sendmail will contact dccm.  The default is a UNIX domain socket
          in the "run" directory, /var/run/dcc/dccm.  (See also -R) This protocol and address must match the value in
          sendmail.cf.  This mechanism can be used to connect dccm on one computer to sendmail on another computer
          when a port and host name or IP address are used.

     -m map
          specifies a name or path of the memory mapped parameter file instead of the default /var/dcc/map.  It should
          be created with the cdcc(8) command.

     -w whiteclnt
          specifies an optional file containing filtering parameters as well as SMTP client IP addresses, SMTP enve-
          lope values, and header values of mail that is spam or is not spam and does not need a X-DCC header, and
          whose checksums should not be reported to the DCC server.

          If the pathname whiteclnt is not absolute, it is relative to the DCC home directory.

          The format of the dccm whiteclnt file is the same as the /var/dcc/whitelist files used by dbclean(8) and the
          whiteclnt file used by dccproc(8).  See dcc(8) for a description of DCC white and blacklists.  Because the
          contents of the whiteclnt file are used frequently, a companion file is automatically created and main-
          tained.  It has the same pathname but with an added suffix of .dccw and contains a memory mapped hash table
          of the main file.

          A whitelist entry ("OK") or two or more semi-whitelistings ("OK2") for one of the message's checksums pre-
          vents all of the message's checksums from being reported to the DCC server and the addition of a X-DCC
          header line by dccm.  A whitelist entry for a checksum also prevents rejecting or discarding the message
          based on DCC recipient counts as specified by -a and -t.  Otherwise, one or more checksums with blacklisting
          entries ("MANY") cause all of the message's checksums to be reported to the server with an addressee count
          of "MANY".

          If the message has a single recipient, an env_To whiteclnt entry of "OK" for the checksum of its recipient
          address acts like any other whiteclnt entry of "OK."  When the SMTP message has more than one recipient, the
          effects can be complicated.  When a message has several recipients with some but not all listed in the
          whiteclnt file, dccm tries comply with the wishes of the users who want filtering as well as those who don't
          by silently not delivering the message to those who want filtering (i.e. are not whitelisted) and delivering
          the message to users who don't want filtering.

     -U userdirs
          enables per-user whiteclnt files and log directories.  Each target of a message can have a directory of log
          files named usedirs/${dcc_userdir}/log where ${dcc_userdir} is the sendmail.cf macro described below.  If
          ${dcc_userdir} is not set, userdirs/${rcpt_mailer}/${rcpt_addr}/log is used.  The most likely value of
          mailer is local.  Appropriate values for both ${rcpt_mailer} and ${rcpt_addr} can be seen by examining
          env_To lines in -l logdir files.  If it is not absolute, userdirs is relative to the DCC home directory.
          The directory containing the log files must be named log and it must be writable by the dccm process.  Each
          log directory must exist or logging for the corresponding is silently disabled.  The files created in the
          log directory are owned by the UID of the dccm process, but they have group and other read and write permis-
          sions copied from the corresponding log directory.  To ensure the privacy of mail, it may be good to make
          the directories readable only by owner and group, and to use a cron script that changes the owner of each
          file to match the grandparent addr directory.

          There can also be a per-user whitelist file named userdirs/addr/whiteclnt for each addressee addr. Any
          checksum that is not white- or blacklisted by an individual addressee's per-user whiteclnt file  is checked
          in the main /var/dcc/whiteclnt file.  A missing per-addressee whiteclnt file is the same as an empty file.
          Relative paths for files included in per-addressee files are resolved in the DCC home directory.  The
          whiteclnt files and the addr directories containing them must be writable by the dccm process.

          Option lines in per-user whiteclnt files can be used to modify many aspects of dccm filtering, as described
          in the main dcc man page.  For example, an option dcc-off line turns off DCC filtering for individual mail-
          boxes.

     -a IGNORE | REJECT | DISCARD
          specifies the action taken when DCC server counts or -t thresholds say that a message is unsolicited and
          bulk.  IGNORE causes the message to be unaffected except for adding the X-DCC header line to the message.
          This turns off all filtering except greylisting.

          Spam can also be REJECTed or accepted and silently DISCARDed without being delivered to local mailboxes.
          The default is REJECT.

          Mail forwarded via IP addresses marked MX or MXDCC in the main /var/dcc/whiteclnt file is treated as if -a
          DISCARD were specified.  This prevents "bouncing" spam.

          Determinations that mail is or is not spam from sendmail via ${dcc_isspam} or ${dcc_notspam} macros override
          -a.  The effects of the -w whiteclnt are not affected by -a.

     -t type,[log-thold,]rej-thold
          sets logging and "spam" thresholds for checksum type.  The checksum types are IP, env_From, From,
          Message-ID, substitute, Received, Body, Fuz1, Fuz2, rep-total, and rep.  The first six, IP through
          substitute, have no effect except when a local DCC server configured with -K is used.  The substitute
          thresholds apply to the first substitute heading encountered in the mail message.  The string ALL sets
          thresholds for all types, but is unlikely to be useful except for setting logging thresholds.  The string
          CMN specifies the commonly used checksums Body, Fuz1, and Fuz2.  Rej-thold and log-thold must be numbers,
          the string NEVER, or the string MANY indicating millions of targets.  Counts from the DCC server as large as
          the threshold for any single type are taken as sufficient evidence that the message should be logged or
          rejected.

          Log-thold is the threshold at which messages are logged.  It can be handy to log messages at a lower thresh-
          old to find solicited bulk mail sources such as mailing lists.  If no logging threshold is set, only
          rejected mail and messages with complicated combinations of white and blacklisting are logged.  Messages
          that reach at least one of their rejection thresholds are logged regardless of logging thresholds.

          Rej-thold is the threshold at which messages are considered "bulk," and so should be rejected or discarded
          if not whitelisted.

          DCC Reputation thresholds in the commercial version of DCC are controlled by thresholds on checksum types
          rep and rep-total.  The DCC Reputations of IP addresses that the DCC database says have sent more than
          rep-total,log-thold are computed and messages from those addresses are logged.  Messages from IP addresses
          with DCC Reputations of at least the rep,rej-thold rejection threshold can be rejected.  The DCC Reputation
          of an IP address is the percentage of its messages known to have been sent to at least 10 recipients.  The
          defaults are equivalent to rep,never and rep-total,never,20.

          Bulk DCC Reputations do not reject mail unless enabled by an option DCC-rep-on line a whiteclnt file.

          The checksums of locally whitelisted messages are not checked with the DCC server and so only the number of
          targets of the current copy of a whitelisted message are compared against the thresholds.

          The default is ALL,NEVER, so that nothing is discarded, rejected, or logged.  A common choice is CMN,25,50
          to reject or discard mail with common bodies except as overridden by the whitelist of the DCC server, the
          sendmail ${dcc_isspam} and ${dcc_notspam} macros, and -g, and -w.

     -g [not-]type
          indicates that whitelisted, OK or OK2, counts from the DCC server for a type of checksum are to be believed.
          They should be ignored if prefixed with not-.  Type is one of the same set of strings as for -t.  Only IP,
          env_From, and From are likely choices.  By default all three are honored, and hence the need for not-.

     -S hdr
          adds to the list of substitute or locally chosen headers that are checked with the -w whiteclnt file and
          sent to the DCC server.  The checksum of the last header of type hdr found in the message is checked.  Hdr
          can be HELO to specify the SMTP envelope HELO value.  Hdr can also be mail_host to specify the host name
          from the Mail_from value in the SMTP envelope.  As many as 8 different substitute headers can be specified,
          but only the checksum of the first will be sent to the DCC server.

     -l logdir
          specifies a directory in which files containing copies of messages processed by dccm are kept.  They can be
          copied to per-user directories specified with -U.  Information about other recipients of a message is
          deleted from the per-user copies.

          See the FILES section below concerning the contents of the files.  See also the option
          log-subdirectory-{day,hour,minute} lines in whiteclnt files described in dcc(8).

          The directory is relative to the DCC home directory if it is not absolute

     -R rundir
          specifies the "run" directory where the UNIX domain socket and file containing the daemon's process ID are
          stored.  The default value is /var/run/dcc .

     -r rejection-msg
          specifies the rejection message for unsolicited bulk mail or for mail temporarily blocked by greylisting
          when -G is specified.  The first -r rejection-msg replaces the default bulk mail rejection message, "5.7.1
          550 mail %ID from %CIP rejected by DCC".  The second replaces "4.2.1 452 mail %ID from %CIP temporary
          greylist embargoed".  The third -r rejection-msg replaces the default SMTP rejection message "5.7.1 550 %ID
          bad reputation; see http://commercial-dcc.rhyolite.com/cgi-bin/reps.cgi?tgt=%CIP" for mail with bulk DCC
          Reputations.  If rejection-msg is the zero-length string, the -r setting is counted but the corresponding
          default message is not changed.

          Rejection-msg can contain specific information about the mail message.  The following strings starting with
          % are replaced with the corresponding values:
              %ID       message ID such as the unique part of log file name or sendmail queue ID
              %CIP      SMTP client IP address
              %BTYPE    type of DNS blacklist hit, such as "SMTP client", "mail_host", or "URL NS"
              %BTGT     IP address or name declared bad by DNS blacklist
              %BPROBE   domain name found in DNS blacklist such as 4.3.2.10.example.com
              %BRESULT  value of the %BPROBE domain name found in DNS blacklist

          A common alternate for the bulk mail rejection message is "4.7.1 451 Access denied by DCC" to tell the send-
          ing mail system to continue trying.  Use a 4yz response with caution, because it is likely to delay for days
          a delivery failure message for false positives.  If the rejection message does not start with an RFC 1893
          status code and RFC 2821 reply code, 5.7.1 and 550 or 4.2.1 and 452 are used.

          See also -B set:rej-msg to set the status message for mail rejected by DNS blacklists.

     -j maxjobs
          limits the number of simultaneous requests that will be processed.  The default value is the maximum number
          that seems to be possible given system limits on open files, select() bit masks, and so forth.  Start dccm
          with -d and see the starting message in the system log to see the limit.

     -B dnsbl-option
          enables DNS white- and blacklist checks of the SMTP client IP address, SMTP envelope Mail_From sender domain
          name, and of host names in URLs in the message body.  Body URL blacklisting has too many false positives to
          use on abuse mailboxes.  It is less effective than greylisting with dccm(8) or dccifd(8) but can be useful
          in situations where greylisting cannot be used.  It can be combined with greylisting.

          Dnsbl-option is either one of the -B set:option forms or
              -B domain[any[,bltype]]
              -B domain[,IPaddr[/xx[&IPmask][,bltype]]]
              -B domain[,IPaddrLO[-IPaddrHI[&IPmask][,bltype]]]
          Domain is a DNS blacklist domain such as example.com that will be searched.  The strings any, IPaddr,
          IPaddr/xx, or IPaddrLO-IPaddrHI, specifies which IP addresses found in the DNS blacklist after applying the
          optional IP address mask IPmask say that mail messages should be rejected or accepted with -B set:white.
          "127.0.0.2" is assumed if no address(es) are specified.  IPv6 addresses can be specified with the usual
          colon (:) notation.  Host names can be used instead of numeric addresses.  The type of DNS blacklist is
          specified by bltype as name, all-names, IPv4, or IPv6.  Given an envelope sender domain name or a domain
          name in a URL of spam.domain.org and a blacklist of type name, spam.domain.org.example.com will be looked
          up.  The names spam.domain.org.example.com, domain.org.example.com, and org.example.com will be looked up in
          blacklists of type all-names.  Use name with DNS blacklists that use wildcards for speed but all-names for
          other DNS name blacklists.  Blacklist types of IPv4 and IPv6 require that the domain name in a URL sender
          address be resolved into an IPv4 or IPv6 address.  The resolved address from the mail message is then writ-
          ten as a reversed string of decimal octets to check the DNS blacklist, as in 2.0.0.127.example.com.

          A domain of "."  and type of name can be used to blacklist domain names with specified addresses.  This can
          be useful to detect URLs with domain names listed in a Response Policy Zone (RPZ).  For example, the follow-
          ing can be used to reject mail containing URLs listed by a response policy zone that maps evil domain names
          to 224.0.0.0 with an informative status message:

            '-Bset:rej-msg=5.7.1 550 %ID %BTYPE \
                  http://example.com/query/dbl?domain=%BTGT'
            -B.,224.0.0.0,name

          More than one blacklist can be specified and blacklists can be grouped with -B set:group=X.  All searching
          within a group of blacklists is stopped at the first positive result.

          Unlike dccproc(8), positive results are ignored by dccm after being logged unless an option DNSBL-on or
          option DNSBLx-on line appears a whiteclnt file.

          -B set:no-client
               implies that SMTP client IP addresses and reverse DNS domain names should not be checked in the follow-
               ing blacklists.
               -B set:client restores the default for the following blacklists.

          -B set:no-mail_host
               implies that SMTP envelope Mail_From sender domain names should not be checked in the following black-
               lists.  -B set:mail_host restores the default.

          -B set:no-URL
               says that URLs in the message body should not be checked in the in the following blacklists.  -B
               set:URL restores the default.

          -B set:no-MX
               says MX servers of sender Mail_From domain names and host names in URLs should not be checked in the
               following blacklists.
               -B set:MX restores the default.

          -B set:no-NS
               says DNS servers of sender Mail_From domain names and host names in URLs should not be checked in the
               following blacklists.  -B set:NS restores the default.

          -B set:white
               says the DNS list is a whitelist of names or IP addresses.  -B set:black restores the default.  DNS
               whitelist usually also need -B set:no-mail_host, -B set:no-URL, -B set:no-MX, -B set:no-NS, and
               -B set:no-mail_host.

          -B set:defaults
               is equivalent to all of -B set:black -B set:client -B set:mail_host -B set:URL -B set:MX and -B set:NS

          -B set:group=X
               adds following DNS blacklists specified with -B domain[...] to group 1, 2, 3, or 4.

          -B set:debug=X
               sets the DNS blacklist logging level

          -B set:msg-secs=S
               limits dccm to S seconds total for checking all DNS blacklists.  The default is 25.

          -B set:URL-secs=S
               limits dccm to at most S seconds resolving and checking any single URL or IP address.  The default is
               11.  Some spam contains dozens of URLs and some "spamvertised" URLs contain host names that need min-
               utes to resolve.  Busy mail systems cannot afford to spend minutes checking each incoming mail message.

          -B set:rej-msg="rejection message"
               sets the SMTP rejection message for the following blacklists.  Rejection-msg must be in the same format
               as for -r.  If rejection message is null, the default is restored.  The default DNS blacklist rejection
               message is the first message set with -r.

          -B set:max_helpers=X
               sets maximum number of helper processes to X.  In order to use typical single-threaded DNS resolver
               libraries, dccm uses fleets of helper processes.  It is rarely a good idea to change the default, which
               is the same as the maximum number of simultaneous jobs set with -j.

          -B set:progpath=/var/dcc/libexec/dns-helper
               changes the path to the helper program.

     -L ltype,facility.level
          specifies how messages should be logged.  Ltype must be error, info, or off to indicate which of the two
          types of messages are being controlled or to turn off all syslog(3) messages from dccm.  Level must be a
          syslog(3) level among EMERG, ALERT, CRIT, ERR, WARNING, NOTICE, INFO, and DEBUG.  Facility must be among
          AUTH, AUTHPRIV, CRON, DAEMON, FTP, KERN, LPR, MAIL, NEWS, USER, UUCP, and LOCAL0 through LOCAL7.  The
          default is equivalent to
                -L info,MAIL.NOTICE -L error,MAIL.ERR

     dccm normally sends counts of mail rejected and so forth the to system log at midnight.  The SIGUSR1 signal sends
     an immediate report to the system log.  They will be repeated every 24 hours instead of at midnight.

SENDMAIL MACROS
     Sendmail can affect dccm with the values of some sendmail.cf macros.  These macro names must be added to the Mil-
     ter.macros option statements in sendmail.cf as in the example "Feature" file dcc.m4.

     ${dcc_isspam}  causes a mail message to be reported to the DCC server as having been addressed to "MANY" recipi-
                    ents.  The ${dcc_isspam} macro is ignored if the ${dcc_notspam} macro is set to a non-null string

                    If the value of the ${dcc_isspam} is null, dccm uses SMTP rejection messages controlled by -a and
                    -r.  If the value of the ${dcc_isspam} macro starts with "DISCARD", the mail message is silently
                    discarded as with -a DISCARD. If value of the macro not null and does not start with "DISCARD", it
                    is used as the SMTP error message given to the SMTP client trying to send the rejected message.
                    The message starts with an optional SMTP error type and number followed by text.

                    The -a option does not effect messages marked spam with ${dcc_isspam}.  When the ${dcc_isspam}
                    macro is set, the message is rejected or discarded despite local or DCC database whitelist
                    entries.  The local whitelist does control whether the message's checksums will be reported to the
                    DCC server and an X-DCC SMTP header line will be added.

     ${dcc_notspam}
                    causes a message not be considered unsolicited bulk despite evidence to the contrary.  It also
                    prevents dccm from reporting the checksums of the message to the DCC server and from adding an
                    X-DCC header line.

                    When the macro is set by the sendmail.cf rules, ${dcc_notspam} macros overrides DCC threshlds that
                    say the message should be rejected as well as the effects of the ${dcc_isspam} macro.

     ${dcc_mail_host}
                    specifies the name of the SMTP client that is sending the message.  This macro is usually the same
                    as the mail_host macro.  They can differ when a sendmail "smart relay" is involved.  The
                    ${dcc_mail_host} macro does not work if FEATURE(delay_checks) is used, and so dccm falls back on
                    mail_host.

     ${dcc_userdir}
                    is the per-user whitelist and log directory for a recipient.  If the macro is not set in send-
                    mail.cf, $&{rcpt_mailer}/$&{rcpt_addr} is assumed, but with the recipient address converted to
                    lower case.  Whatever value is used, the directory name after the last slash (/) character is con-
                    verted to lower case.  Any value containing the string "/../" is ignored.

                    This macro also does not work if FEATURE(delay_checks) is used.

                    The following two lines in a sendmail mc file have the same effect as not defining the
                    ${dcc_userdir} macro, provided FEATURE(dcc) is also used and the sendmail cf/feature directory has
                    a symbolic link to the /var/dcc/build/dcc/misc/dcc.m4 file.

     SLocal_check_rcpt
     R$*     $: $1 $(macro {dcc_userdir} $@ $&{rcpt_mailer}/$&{rcpt_addr} $))

FILES
     /var/dcc   is the DCC home directory.
     /var/dcc/libexec/start-dccm
                is a script used by /var/dcc/libexec/rcDCC to start dccm.
     dcc_conf   contains parameters used by the scripts to start DCC daemons and cron jobs.
     logdir     is an optional directory specified with -l and containing marked mail.  Each file in the directory
                contains one message, at least one of whose checksums reached its -t thresholds or that is interesting
                for some other reason.  Each file starts with lines containing the date when the message was received,
                the IP address of the SMTP client, and SMTP envelope values.  Those lines are followed by the body of
                the SMTP message including its header as it was received by sendmail and without any new or changed
                header lines.  Only approximately the first 32 KBytes of the body are recorded unless modified by
                ./configure --with-max-log-size=xx The checksums for the message follow the body.  They are followed
                by lines indicating that the ${dcc_isspam} or ${dcc_notspam} sendmail.cf macros were set or one of the
                checksums is white- or blacklisted by the -w whiteclnt file.  Each file ends with the X-DCC header
                line added to the message and the disposition of the message including SMTP status message if appro-
                priate.
     map        is the memory mapped file of information concerning DCC servers in the DCC home directory.  See -m.
     whiteclnt  contains the client whitelist in the format described in dcc(8).  See -w.
     whiteclnt.dccw
                is a memory mapped hash table of the /var/dcc/whiteclnt file.
     /var/run/dcc/dccm.pid
                directory contains daemon's process ID.  The string "dccm" is replaced by the file name containing the
                daemon to facilitate running multiple daemons, probably connected to remote instances of sendmail
                using TCP/IP instead of a UNIX domain socket.  See also -R.
     /var/run/dcc/dccm
                is the default UNIX domain socket used by the sendmail milter interface.  See also -R.
     sendmail.cf
                is the sendmail(8) control file.
     /var/dcc/build/dcc/misc/dcc.m4
                sendmail mc file that should have a symbolic link in the sendmail cf/feature directory so that
                FEATURE(dcc) can be used in a sendmail mc file.

EXAMPLES
     Dccm should be started before sendmail with something like the script /var/dcc/libexec/start-dccm. It looks for
     common DCC parameters in the /var/dcc/dcc_conf file.

     Those numbers should modified to fit local conditions.  It might be wise to replace the "100" numbers with much
     larger values or with "MANY" until a few weeks of monitoring the log directory show that sources of mailing lists
     are in the server's whitelist file (see dccd(8)) or the local /var/dcc/whiteclnt file.

     It is usually necessary to regularly delete old log files with a script like /var/dcc/libexec/cron-dccd.

     On systems unlike modern FreeBSD and other UNIX-like systems which include sendmail milter support, sendmail must
     be built with the milter interface, such as by creating a devtools/Site/site.config.m4 or similar file containing
     something like the following lines:

           APPENDDEF('conf_sendmail_ENVDEF', '-D_FFR_MILTER=1')
           APPENDDEF('conf_libmilter_ENVDEF', '-D_FFR_MILTER=1')

     Appropriate lines invoking the milter interface must be added to sendmail.cf. That can be done by putting a sym-
     bolic link to the the misc/dcc.m4 file in the DCC source to the sendmail cf/feature directory and adding the line

           FEATURE(dcc)

     to the local .mc file.

     Note that dccm should not be used with the Postfix milter mechanism.  Instead use dccifd(8) as a before-queue
     filter as described in that man page.

SEE ALSO
     cdcc(8), dbclean(8), dcc(8), dccd(8), dblist(8), dccifd(8), dccproc(8), dccsight(8), sendmail(8).

HISTORY
     Distributed Checksum Clearinghouses are based on an idea of Paul Vixie.  Implementation of dccm was started at
     Rhyolite Software in 2000.  This document describes version 1.3.158.

BUGS
     dccm uses -t where dccproc(8) uses -c.

     Systems without setrlimit(2) and getrlimit(2) RLIMIT_NOFILE can have problems with the default limit on the num-
     ber of simultaneous jobs, the value of -j.  Every job requires four open files.  These problems are usually seen
     with errors messages that say something like
           dccm[24448]: DCC: accept() returned invalid socket
     A fix is to use a smaller value for -j or to allow dccm to open more files.  Sendmail version 8.13 and later can
     be told to poll() instead of select with SM_CONF_POLL.  Some older versions of sendmail knew about FFR_USE_POLL.
     One of the following lines in your devtools/Site/site.config.m4 file can help:

           APPENDDEF('conf_libmilter_ENVDEF', '-DSM_CONF_POLL')
           APPENDDEF('conf_libmilter_ENVDEF', '-DFFR_USE_POLL')

     On many systems with sendmail 8.11.3 and preceding, a bug in the sendmail milter mechanism causes dccm to die
     with a core file when given a signal.

                                April 03, 2015