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CRYPT(3P)                  POSIX Programmer's Manual                 CRYPT(3P)



PROLOG
       This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual.  The Linux implementation of this interface may dif-
       fer (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface  may  not  be
       implemented on Linux.

NAME
       crypt - string encoding function (CRYPT)

SYNOPSIS
       #include <unistd.h>

       char *crypt(const char *key, const char *salt);


DESCRIPTION
       The crypt() function is a string encoding function. The algorithm is implementation-defined.

       The key argument points to a string to be encoded. The salt argument is a string chosen from the set:


              a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z
              A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
              0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . /

       The first two characters of this string may be used to perturb the encoding algorithm.

       The return value of crypt() points to static data that is overwritten by each call.

       The  crypt() function need not be reentrant. A function that is not required to be reentrant is not required to
       be thread-safe.

RETURN VALUE
       Upon successful completion, crypt() shall return a pointer to the encoded string. The first two  characters  of
       the returned value shall be those of the salt argument. Otherwise, it shall return a null pointer and set errno
       to indicate the error.

ERRORS
       The crypt() function shall fail if:

       ENOSYS The functionality is not supported on this implementation.


       The following sections are informative.

EXAMPLES
   Encoding Passwords
       The following example finds a user database entry matching a particular user name and changes the current pass-
       word  to  a new password. The crypt() function generates an encoded version of each password. The first call to
       crypt() produces an encoded version of the old password; that encoded password is then compared to the password
       stored in the user database. The second call to crypt() encodes the new password before it is stored.

       The putpwent() function, used in the following example, is not part of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001.


              #include <unistd.h>
              #include <pwd.h>
              #include <string.h>
              #include <stdio.h>
              ...
              int valid_change;
              int pfd;  /* Integer for file descriptor returned by open(). */
              FILE *fpfd;  /* File pointer for use in putpwent(). */
              struct passwd *p;
              char user[100];
              char oldpasswd[100];
              char newpasswd[100];
              char savepasswd[100];
              ...
              valid_change = 0;
              while ((p = getpwent()) != NULL) {
                  /* Change entry if found. */
                  if (strcmp(p->pw_name, user) == 0) {
                      if (strcmp(p->pw_passwd, crypt(oldpasswd, p->pw_passwd)) == 0) {
                          strcpy(savepasswd, crypt(newpasswd, user));
                          p->pw_passwd = savepasswd;
                          valid_change = 1;
                      }
                      else {
                          fprintf(stderr, "Old password is not valid\n");
                      }
                  }
                  /* Put passwd entry into ptmp. */
                  putpwent(p, fpfd);
              }

APPLICATION USAGE
       The values returned by this function need not be portable among XSI-conformant systems.

RATIONALE
       None.

FUTURE DIRECTIONS
       None.

SEE ALSO
       encrypt(), setkey(), the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <unistd.h>

COPYRIGHT
       Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Stan-
       dard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base  Specifica-
       tions  Issue  6,  Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The
       Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Stan-
       dard,  the  original  IEEE  and  The  Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be
       obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .



IEEE/The Open Group                  2003                            CRYPT(3P)