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alpine(1)                                                            alpine(1)

       alpine - an Alternatively Licensed Program for Internet News and Email

       alpine [ options ] [ address , address ]

       alpinef [ options ] [ address , address ]

       Alpine  is  a screen-oriented message-handling tool.  In its default configuration, Alpine offers an intention-
       ally limited set of functions geared toward the novice user, but it also has a large list of  optional  "power-
       user"  and  personal-preference  features.   alpinef is a variant of Alpine that uses function keys rather than
       mnemonic single-letter commands.  Alpine's basic feature set includes:

              View, Save, Export, Delete, Print, Reply and Forward messages.

              Compose messages in a simple editor (Pico) with word-wrap and a spelling checker.  Messages may be post-
              poned for later completion.

              Full-screen selection and management of message folders.

              Address  book  to  keep a list of long or frequently-used addresses.  Personal distribution lists may be
              defined.  Addresses may be taken into the address book from incoming mail without retyping them.

              New mail checking and notification occurs automatically every 2.5 minutes and  after  certain  commands,
              e.g. refresh-screen (Ctrl-L).

              On-line, context-sensitive help screens.

       Alpine  supports  MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions), an Internet Standard for representing multipart
       and multimedia data in email.  Alpine allows you to save MIME objects to files, and in  some  cases,  can  also
       initiate the correct program for viewing the object.  It uses the system's mailcap configuration file to deter-
       mine what program can process a particular MIME object type.  Alpine's message composer does not have  integral
       multimedia capability, but any type of data file --including multimedia-- can be attached to a text message and
       sent using MIME's encoding rules.  This allows any group of individuals with MIME-capable mail  software  (e.g.
       Alpine,  PC-Alpine,  or  many other programs) to exchange formatted documents, spread-sheets, image files, etc,
       via Internet email.

       Alpine uses the c-client messaging API to access local and remote mail folders. This library provides a variety
       of  low-level  message-handling  functions,  including drivers for a variety of different mail file formats, as
       well as routines to access remote mail and news servers, using IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol) and NNTP
       (Network  News  Transport  Protocol).   Outgoing mail is usually posted directly via SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer

       The command line options/arguments are:

       address             Send mail to address.  This will cause Alpine to go directly into the message composer.

       -attach file        Send mail with the listed file as an attachment.

       -attachlist file-list
                           Send mail with the listed file-list as an attachments.

       -attach_and_delete file
                           Send mail with the listed file as an attachment, and remove the file after the  message  is

       -aux local_directory
                           PC-Alpine only. When using a remote configuration (-p <remote_config>) this tells PC-Alpine
                           the local directory to use for storing auxiliary files, like debug  files,  address  books,
                           and signature files.

       -bail               Exit if the pinerc file does not exist. This might be useful if the config file is accessed
                           using some remote filesystem protocol. If the remote  mount  is  missing  this  will  cause
                           Alpine to quit instead of creating a new pinerc.

       -c context-number   context-number is the number corresponding to the folder-collection to which the -f command
                           line argument should be applied.  By default the  -f  argument  is  applied  to  the  first
                           defined folder-collection.

       -conf               Produce  a sample/fresh copy of the system-wide configuration file, pine.conf, on the stan-
                           dard output. This is distinct from the per-user .pinerc file.

       -convert_sigs -p pinerc
                           Convert signature files into literal signatures.

       -copy_abook <local_abook> <remote_abook>
                           Copy the local address book file to a remote address book folder.

       -copy_pinerc <local_pinerc> <remote_pinerc>
                           Copy the local pinerc file to a remote pinerc folder.

       -d debug-level      Output diagnostic info at debug-level (0-9) to the current .pine-debug[1-4] file.  A  value
                           of 0 turns debugging off and suppresses the .pine-debug file.

       -d key[=val]        Fine  tuned  output  of diagnostic messages where "flush" causes debug file writing without
                           buffering, "timestamp" appends each message with a timestamp, "imap=n" where n is between 0
                           and  4  representing  none  to  verbose  IMAP  telemetry reporting, "numfiles=n" where n is
                           between 0 and 31 corresponding to the number of debug files to  maintain,  and  "verbose=n"
                           where n is between 0 and 9 indicating an inverse threshold for message output.

       -f folder           Open  folder  (in  first defined folder collection, use -c n to specify another collection)
                           instead of INBOX.

       -F file             Open named text file and view with Alpine's browser.

       -h                  Help: list valid command-line options.

       -i                  Start up in the FOLDER INDEX screen.

       -I keystrokes       Initial (comma separated list of) keystrokes which Alpine should execute on startup.

       -install            For PC-Alpine only, this option causes PC-Alpine to prompt for some  basic  setup  informa-
                           tion, then exits.

       -k                  Use function keys for commands. This is the same as running the command alpinef.

       -n number           Start up with current message-number set to number.

                           Read  from  a  password  cache  if there is one, but never offer to write a password to the

       -o                  Open first folder read-only.

       -p config-file      Use config-file as the personal configuration file instead of the default .pinerc.

       -P config-file      Use config-file as the configuration file instead of default system-wide configuration file

       -passfile <fully-qualified-path>
                           When password file support is compiled in, use the file specified in <fully-qualified-path>
                           instead of the default.

       -pinerc file        Output fresh pinerc configuration to file, preserving the settings of  variables  that  the
                           user has made.  Use file set to ''-'' to make output go to standard out.

       -pwdcertdir <fully-qualified-path>
                           When  SMIME  and password file support are compiled in, this variable sets the directory to
                           store your personal key and certificate to encrypt and decrypt your password file.

       -r                  Use restricted/demo mode.  Alpine will only send mail to itself and functions like save and
                           export are restricted.

       -registry cmd       For  PC-Alpine only, this option affects the values of Alpine's registry entries.  Possible
                           values for cmd are set, clear, and dump.  Set will always reset Alpine's  registry  entries
                           according to its current settings.  Clear will clear the registry values.  Clearsilent will
                           silently clear the registry values.  Dump will display the values of current registry  set-
                           tings.   Note  that  the dump command is currently disabled.  Without the -registry option,
                           PC-Alpine will write values into the registry only if there  currently  aren't  any  values

       -smimedir <fully-qualified-path>
                           If  SMIME  is  compiled in, this argument sets the directory where the public, private, and
                           certificate authorities certificates and keys are stored. If not set by  the  command  line
                           the default is ~/.alpine-smime

       -sort order         Sort  the  FOLDER  INDEX  display  in  one of the following orders: arrival, date, subject,
                           orderedsubj, thread, from, size, score, to, cc, or reverse. Arrival order is  the  default.
                           The  OrderedSubj  choice  simulates  a  threaded  sort.  Any sort may be reversed by adding
                           /reverse to it.  Reverse by itself is the same as arrival/reverse.

       -supported          Some options may or may not be supported depending on how Alpine was compiled.  This  is  a
                           way  to  determine  which  options  are  supported in the particular copy of Alpine you are

       -uninstall          For PC-Alpine only, this option causes PC-Alpine to remove references to Alpine in  Windows

       -url url            Open the given url.  Cannot be used with -f or -F options.

       -v                  Version: Print version information.

       -version            Version: Print version information.

       -x config           Use  configuration exceptions in config.  Exceptions are used to override your default pin-
                           erc settings for a particular platform, can be a local file or a remote folder.

       -z                  Enable ^Z and SIGTSTP so alpine may be suspended.

       -option=value       Assign value to the config option option e.g. -signature-file=sig1 or  -feature-list=signa-
                           ture-at-bottom (Note: feature-list values are additive)

       There  are several levels of Alpine configuration.  Configuration values at a given level over-ride correspond-
       ing values at lower levels.  In order of increasing precedence:

        o built-in defaults.
        o system-wide pine.conf file.
        o personal .pinerc file (may be set via built-in Setup/Config menu.)
        o command-line options.
        o system-wide pine.conf.fixed file.

       There is one exception to the rule that configuration values are replaced by the value of the same option in  a
       higher-precedence  file: the feature-list variable has values that are additive, but can be negated by prepend-
       ing "no-" in front of an individual feature name. Unix Alpine also uses the following environment variables:

         DISPLAY     (determines if Alpine can display IMAGE attachments.)
         SHELL       (if not set, default is /bin/sh )
         MAILCAPS    (semicolon delimited list of path names to mailcap files)

       /usr/spool/mail/xxxx        Default folder for incoming mail.
       ~/mail                      Default directory for mail folders.
       ~/.addressbook              Default address book file.
       ~/.signature                File used for signature, appended to every message.
       ~/.pine-debug[1-4]          Diagnostic log for debugging.
       ~/.pinerc                   Personal alpine config file.
       ~/.pine-crash               Debug information useful to debug a crash.
       ~/.newsrc                   News subscription/state file.
       ~/.mailcap                  Personal mail capabilities file.
       ~/.mime.types               Personal file extension to MIME type mapping
       /etc/mailcap                System-wide mail capabilities file.
       /etc/mime.types             System-wide file ext. to MIME type mapping
       /usr/local/lib/    Local pointer to system administrator.
       /usr/local/lib/pine.conf    System-wide configuration file.
       /usr/local/lib/pine.conf.fixed Non-overridable configuration file.
       ~/.alpine-smime/ca          Directory that contains Certificate Authority files.
       ~/.alpine-smime/private     Directory that contains private key(s).
       ~/.alpine-smime/public      Directory that contains public key(s).
       /tmp/.\usr\spool\mail\xxxx  Per-folder mailbox lock files.
       ~/.pine-interrupted-mail    Message which was interrupted.
       ~/mail/postponed-msgs       For postponed messages (drafts)
       ~/mail/sent-mail            Outgoing message archive (FCC).
       ~/mail/saved-messages       Default destination for Saving messages.

       pico(1), binmail(1), aliases(5), mailaddr(7), sendmail(8), spell(1), imapd(8)

       Newsgroup:  comp.mail.pine

       Mailing List:
       Alpine-info, at

       Main Alpine distribution site:

       Alpine Technical Notes, included in the source distribution.

       C-Client messaging API library, included in the source distribution.

       This software is the result of the contribution of many individuals
       who have dedicated their time to support, improve and suggest ways
       to improve Alpine through the years. This software would not be
       possible without the support of the University of Washington in
       Seattle, Washington. The Alpine community extends its most sincere
       thanks to all contributors and invites everyone to join in and
       contribute to this project.

                                 Version 2.21                        alpine(1)