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ACOS(3P)                   POSIX Programmer's Manual                  ACOS(3P)



PROLOG
       This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual.  The Linux implementation of this interface may dif-
       fer (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface  may  not  be
       implemented on Linux.

NAME
       acos, acosf, acosl - arc cosine functions

SYNOPSIS
       #include <math.h>

       double acos(double x);
       float acosf(float x);
       long double acosl(long double x);


DESCRIPTION
       These  functions shall compute the principal value of the arc cosine of their argument x. The value of x should
       be in the range [-1,1].

       An application  wishing  to  check  for  error  situations  should  set  errno  to  zero  and  call  feclearex-
       cept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions.  On return, if errno is non-zero or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID
       | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an error has occurred.

RETURN VALUE
       Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the arc cosine of x, in the range [0,pi] radians.

       For finite values of x not in the range [-1,1], a domain error shall occur, and  either a NaN  (if  supported),
       or an implementation-defined value shall be returned.

       If x is NaN, a NaN shall be returned.

       If x is +1, +0 shall be returned.

       If  x  is ?Inf, a domain error shall occur, and either a NaN (if supported), or an implementation-defined value
       shall be returned.

ERRORS
       These functions shall fail if:

       Domain Error
              The x argument is finite and is not in the range [-1,1],  or is ?Inf.

       If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set  to  [EDOM].  If
       the  integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the invalid floating-point excep-
       tion shall be raised.


       The following sections are informative.

EXAMPLES
       None.

APPLICATION USAGE
       On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are  indepen-
       dent of each other, but at least one of them must be non-zero.

RATIONALE
       None.

FUTURE DIRECTIONS
       None.

SEE ALSO
       cos(),  feclearexcept(),  fetestexcept(), isnan(), the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section
       4.18, Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions, <math.h>

COPYRIGHT
       Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Stan-
       dard  for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifica-
       tions Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers,  Inc  and  The
       Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Stan-
       dard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee  document.  The  original  Standard  can  be
       obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .



IEEE/The Open Group                  2003                             ACOS(3P)