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XDrawText(3)                    XLIB FUNCTIONS                    XDrawText(3)



NAME
       XDrawText, XDrawText16, XTextItem, XTextItem16 - draw polytext text and text drawing structures

SYNTAX
       int XDrawText(Display *display, Drawable d, GC gc, int x, int y, XTextItem *items, int nitems);

       int XDrawText16(Display *display, Drawable d, GC gc, int x, int y, XTextItem16 *items, int nitems);

ARGUMENTS
       d         Specifies the drawable.

       display   Specifies the connection to the X server.

       gc        Specifies the GC.

       items     Specifies an array of text items.

       nitems    Specifies the number of text items in the array.

       x
       y         Specify the x and y coordinates, which are relative to the origin of the specified drawable and
                 define the origin of the first character.

DESCRIPTION
       The XDrawText16 function is similar to XDrawText except that it uses 2-byte or 16-bit characters.  Both func-
       tions allow complex spacing and font shifts between counted strings.

       Each text item is processed in turn.  A font member other than None in an item causes the font to be stored in
       the GC and used for subsequent text.  A text element delta specifies an additional change in the position along
       the x axis before the string is drawn.  The delta is always added to the character origin and is not dependent
       on any characteristics of the font.  Each character image, as defined by the font in the GC, is treated as an
       additional mask for a fill operation on the drawable.  The drawable is modified only where the font character
       has a bit set to 1.  If a text item generates a BadFont error, the previous text items may have been drawn.

       For fonts defined with linear indexing rather than 2-byte matrix indexing, each XChar2b structure is inter-
       preted as a 16-bit number with byte1 as the most significant byte.

       Both functions use these GC components: function, plane-mask, fill-style, font, subwindow-mode, clip-x-origin,
       clip-y-origin, and clip-mask.  They also use these GC mode-dependent components: foreground, background, tile,
       stipple, tile-stipple-x-origin, and tile-stipple-y-origin.

       XDrawText and XDrawText16 can generate BadDrawable, BadFont, BadGC, and BadMatch errors.

STRUCTURES
       The XTextItem and XTextItem16 structures contain:

       typedef struct {
               char *chars;    /* pointer to string */
               int nchars;     /* number of characters */
               int delta;      /* delta between strings */
               Font font;      /* Font to print it in, None don't change */
       } XTextItem;

       typedef struct {
               XChar2b *chars; /* pointer to two-byte characters */
               int nchars;     /* number of characters */
               int delta;      /* delta between strings */
               Font font;      /* font to print it in, None don't change */
       } XTextItem16;

       If the font member is not None, the font is changed before printing and also is stored in the GC.  If an error
       was generated during text drawing, the previous items may have been drawn.  The baseline of the characters are
       drawn starting at the x and y coordinates that you pass in the text drawing functions.

       For example, consider the background rectangle drawn by XDrawImageString.  If you want the upper-left corner of
       the background rectangle to be at pixel coordinate (x,y), pass the (x,y + ascent) as the baseline origin coor-
       dinates to the text functions.  The ascent is the font ascent, as given in the XFontStruct structure.  If you
       want the lower-left corner of the background rectangle to be at pixel coordinate (x,y), pass the (x,y - descent
       + 1) as the baseline origin coordinates to the text functions.  The descent is the font descent, as given in
       the XFontStruct structure.

DIAGNOSTICS
       BadDrawable
                 A value for a Drawable argument does not name a defined Window or Pixmap.

       BadFont   A value for a Font or GContext argument does not name a defined Font.

       BadGC     A value for a GContext argument does not name a defined GContext.

       BadMatch  An InputOnly window is used as a Drawable.

SEE ALSO
       XDrawImageString(3), XDrawString(3), XLoadFont(3)
       Xlib - C Language X Interface



X Version 11                     libX11 1.6.4                     XDrawText(3)